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List of Egyptian pyramids

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List of Egyptian pyramids

Over a course of almost 1,500 years, 118 pyramids were constructed by 20,000 to 30,000 Egyptian workers,[1][2] in the service of the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt.[3] This list presents the vital statistics of the pyramids listed in chronological order, when available.

Pharaoh Ancient name Dynasty Site Base length x Height (m) Volume (cu.m) Inclination & Notes Image
Djoser ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Step Pyramid of Djoser
3rd
(c. 2686 – 2613 BC)
Saqqara 121w.x109d.x60h. 330,400 [4]
Sekhemkhet ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Buried Pyramid
3rd Saqqara 120sq.x7h. 33,600 (unfinished) [5]
Khaba
(uncertain)
ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Layer Pyramid
3rd Zawyet el'Aryan 84sq.x20h. 47,040 (unfinished) [6]
Sneferu ancient name:
Snefru endures
modern name:
Pyramid of Meidum
4th Meidum 144sq.x92h. 638,733 51° 50' 35" [7]
Sneferu ancient name:
Snefru shines in the South
modern name:
Bent Pyramid
4th Dahshur 188sq.x105h. 1,237,040 54° 50' 35" /43° 22' [7] Sneferu's Bent Pyramid in Dahshur
Sneferu ancient name:
Snefru shines in the North
modern name:
Red Pyramid
4th Dahshur 220sq.x105h. 1,694,000 43° 22' [8]
Khufu ancient name:
Khufu's horizon
modern name:
The Great Pyramid of Giza
4th Giza 230.3sq.x146.6h. 2,583,283 51° 50' 40" [9]
Djedefre ancient name:
Star tent of Djedefre
modern name:
Pyramid of Djedefre
4th Abu Rawash 106.2sq.x~68h.[10] 131,043 ~52° [10] [7]
Bikheris?
Seth-Ka?[11]
ancient name:
Star of ..?..-Ka
modern name:
Unfinished Northern Pyramid of Zawyet el'Aryan
4th
(uncertain)
Zawyet el'Aryan 200sq.x140h.[12] [13]
Khafra ancient name:
Khafra is great
modern name:
Khafre's Pyramid
4th Giza 215.25sq.x143.5h. 2,211,096 53°10' [7]
Menkaure ancient name:
Menkaure is godlike
modern name:
Menkaure's Pyramid
4th Giza 103.4sq.x65.5h. 235,183 51°20′25″ [14]
Userkaf ancient name:
The pure sites of Userkaf
modern name:
Pyramid of Userkaf
5th
(c. 2498 – 2345 BC)
Saqqara 73.3sq.x49h. 87,906 53°7'48" [7]
Sahure ancient name:
The soul of Sahure appears
modern name:
Pyramid of Sahure
5th Abusir 78.75sq.x47h. 96,542 50°11'40" [7]
Neferirkare Kakai ancient name:
Soul of Neferirkare
modern name:
Pyramid of Neferirkare
5th Abusir 105sq.x54h. 257,250 54°30' [15]
Neferefre ancient name:
Thr power of Neferefre is godlike
modern name:
Pyramid of Neferefre
5th Abusir 65sq.x?h. (unfinished)
Niuserre ancient name:
The seats of Niuserre will endure
modern name:
Pyramid of Niuserre
5th Abusir 79.9sq.x51.68h. 112,632 51° 50' 35" [16]
Menkauhor Kaiu(?)[17] ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Headless Pyramid
5th Saqqara c.52sq.x?h. n.d. n.d.
Djedkare Isesi ancient name:
Beauty of Isesi
modern name:
Pyramid of Djedkare-Isesi
5th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c.107,835 52° [18]
Unas ancient name:
The seats of Unas are beautiful
modern name:
Pyramid of Unas
5th North Saqqara 57.75sq.x43h. 47,390 56° [7]
Teti ancient name:
The seats of Teti are eternal
modern name:
Pyramid of Teti
6th
(c. 2345 – 2181 BC)
North Saqqara 78.5sq.x52.5h. 107,835 53° 7' 48" [19]
Pepi I ancient name:
The beauty of Pepi may endure
modern name:
Pyramid of Pepi I
6th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c. 107,835 53° 7' 48" [20]
Merenre ancient name:
The beauty of Merenre appears
modern name:
Pyramid of Merenre
6th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c. 107,835 57°7'48"
Pepi II ancient name:
Pepi is established and living
modern name:
Pyramid of Pepi II
6th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c.107,835 53° 7' 48" [9]
Qakare Ibi ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Ibi
8th South Saqqara 31.5sq.x21?h. 6,994? 53° 7′ [21]
Khui ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Khui
First Intermediate Period Dara 146w.x136d.x?h. n.d. n.d. [22]
Merikare ancient name:
Flourishing are the abodes of Merikare
modern name:
Pyramid of Merikare
10th Unknown, possibly North Saqqara n.d. n.d. n.d. [23]
Amenemhat I ancient name:
Amenemhat appears at his place
modern name:
Pyramid of Amenemhet I
12th
(c. 1991 – 1803 BC)
Lisht 84sq.x55h. 129,360 54° 27' 44"
Senusret I ancient name:
Senusret beholds the two lands
modern name:
Pyramid of Senusret I
12th Lisht 105sq.x61.25h. 225,093 49° 24' [24]
Amenemhat II ancient name:
Amenemhat is provided
modern name:
White Pyramid
12th Dashur 50sq.x?h.
Senusret II ancient name:
Senusret appears
modern name:
Pyramid of Senusret II
12th Illahun (El-Lahun) 106sq.x48.6h. 185.665 42° 35' [25]
Senusret III ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Senusret III
12th Dashur 105sq.x78h. 288,488 56° 18' 35" [26]
Amenemhat III ancient name:
Amenemhat is beautiful
modern name:
Pyramid of Amenemhat III
12th Dashur 105sq.x75h. 274,625 56° 18' 35"
Amenemhat III ancient name:
Amenemhat lives
modern name:
Pyramid of Hawara
12th Hawara 105sq.xc. 58h. 200,158 48° 45'
Amenemhat IV (?) ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Southern Mazghuna pyramid
12th or 13th South Mazghuna 52.5sq.x?h.(unfinished) n.d. n.d.
Sobekneferu (?) ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Northern Mazghuna pyramid
12th or 13th North Mazghuna > 52.5sq.x?h.(unfinished) n.d. n.d.
Ameny Qemau ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Ameny Qemau
13th
(c. 1790 BC)
South Saqqara 52sq.x c. 35h. c 55°
Khendjer ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Khendjer
13th
(c. 1760 BC)
South Saqqara 52.5sq.x c. 37.35h. c. 34,300 55° [27]
unknown ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Southern South Saqqara pyramid
13th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x?h.(unfinished) n.d. n.d.
Ahmose I ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Ahmose
18th
(c. 1550 – 1292 BC)
Abydos 52.5sq.x c. 10h. 60° [28]

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Dunn 2010, p. 270.
  2. ^ "Who Built the Pyramids?".  
  3. ^ "4,300-year-old pyramid discovered in Egypt".  
  4. ^ The pyramid complex covers 37 acres (150,000 m2) and provides several cultic buildings. It is one of the best preserved Old Kingdom royal cemeteries and hides several, huge underground mazes of niched corridors and chambers.
  5. ^ Rediscovered in 1951 by Zakaria Goneim. Famous for its sarcophagus made of alabaster, which was found in situ and sealed. Surprisingly, the sarcophagus was empty and possibly never in use.
  6. ^ The connection to king Khaba is disputed, since not a single artifact with any royal name was found in the underground chambers.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid.
  8. ^ First true pyramid.
  9. ^ a b Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 3 queens pyramids.
  10. ^ a b Vallogia, Michel ( 
  11. ^ For the problematic, see: Jürgen von Beckerath: Chronologie des pharaonischen Ägypten. Die Zeitbestimmung der ägyptischen Geschichte von der Vorzeit bis 332 v. Chr. (= Münchner ägyptologische Studien, vol. 46). von Zabern, Mainz 1997, ISBN 3-8053-2310-7, page 158.
  12. ^ Rainer Stadelmann: Die Ägyptischen Pyramiden: vom Ziegelbau zum Weltwunder ( = Kulturgeschichte der antiken Welt, vol. 30). von Zabern, Mainz 185, ISBN 3805308558, p. 77, 140-145.
  13. ^ Six ink inscriptions once contained a cartouche name, which remains illegible. There are dozens of different readings proposed by Egyptologists. See: Miroslav Verner: Archaeological Remarks on the 4th and 5th Dynasty Chronology. In: Archiv Orientální, vol. 69. Praha 2001, page 363–418.
  14. ^ Pyramid complex includes 3 queens pyramids.
  15. ^ Originally built a stepped pyramid.
  16. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 1 or 2 queens pyramids.
  17. ^ Reuters: Jonathan Wright: Eroded pyramid attributed to early pharaoh, June 5, 2008
  18. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 1 queens pyramid.
  19. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 2 queens pyramids.
  20. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 5 queens pyramids.
  21. ^ Last pyramid built in Saqqara.
  22. ^ Unclear if it was a step pyramid or a giant mastaba.
  23. ^ Archaeologically attested, but still unidentified.
  24. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 9 queens pyramids.
  25. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid or a queens pyramid.
  26. ^ Pyramid complex includes 7 queens pyramids.
  27. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and two enclosure walls.
  28. ^ Built as a Cenotaph. It is the only royal pyramid in Abydos.

Bibliography

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