List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan

Flag of the Prime Minister of Pakistan
Flag of the Prime Minister of Pakistan

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Pakistan
Constitution

The Prime Minister of Pakistan is the political leader and head of government of the country, and is responsible for nominating the rest of the government, chairing Cabinet meetings and deciding when to call general elections for the National Assembly.[1] The office of prime minister was created immediately after the establishment of Pakistan by the Indian Independence Act 1947.[2][3]

Liaquat Ali Khan, appointed as the first prime minister by the Governor-General in 1947, was assassinated in 1951.[4] Six further prime ministers served between 1951 and 1958, when the office was dissolved by Iskander Mirza, the President of Pakistan. A later president, Yahya Khan, appointed Nurul Amin as prime minister in 1971, although Amin held the post for only thirteen days.[5][6][7] Under the 1973 constitution of Pakistan, the post was recreated and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became prime minister. Bhutto was overthrown by Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq during Operation Fair Play in 1977, the position was abolished and Zia became Chief Martial Law Administrator.[8][9] Muhammad Khan Junejo was appointed as prime minister by Zia in 1985, and subsequently dismissed under the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan in 1988.[5]

Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif each held the position for two non-consecutive terms between 1988 and 1999: Bhutto during 1988–90 and 1993–96;[10] and Sharif during 1990–93 and 1997–99.[11] With the thirteenth and fourteenth amendments to the constitution, Sharif became the most powerful prime minister in the country's history.[12] At approximately five years and four months in total, Sharif is the longest-serving prime minister.[2] He was overthrown by Pervez Musharraf in the 1999 military coup d'état.[13] Sharif was re-elected for a third non-consecutive term on 5 June 2013, which is a record in the history of Pakistan.[14][15]

The post was empty until Zafarullah Khan Jamali took the office after the 2002 elections.[16] Raja Pervez Ashraf of the Pakistan People's Party was elected on 25 June 2012, after the disqualification of Yousaf Raza Gillani on 19 June 2012 by the Supreme Court of Pakistan over contempt of court.[17][18] Of the twenty-three Prime Ministers who have held office since 1947, seventeen have been elected by the National Assembly, and six have served as caretakers.[2][3]

Contents

  • Key 1
  • Prime Ministers 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Key

Key for Prime Ministers' list
Symbol/Colours Meaning
A Caretaker Prime Minister
Pakistan Muslim League
Awami League
Republican Party
Pakistan Peoples Party
National Peoples Party
Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
Independent
Position abolished/vacant

Prime Ministers

List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Elections Political party
(Alliance)
Note(s)
1 A black-and-white head and shoulder shoot of a man with spetacles, wearing coat and a tie. Liaquat Ali Khan[19][20]
(1895–1951)
14 August 1947 16 October 1951
(assassinated)
Pakistan Muslim League Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan by the Governor-General in 1947. He was assassinated in 1951, and Khawaja Nazimuddin took the office.[4][21]
2 A black-and-white head ean shoulder shoot of a man wearing coat and Jinnah cap. Khawaja Nazimuddin[2]
(1894–1964)
17 October 1951 17 April 1953 Pakistan Muslim League Nazimuddin became Prime Minister of Pakistan after the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951.[21] He left the office when governor general Malik Ghulam Muhammad dissolved his government in 1953.[2]
3 A black-and-white head ean shoulder shoot of a man wearing white shirt and a black tie. Muhammad Ali Bogra[5]
(1909–63)
17 April 1953 12 August 1955 Pakistan Muslim League A relatively unknown personality to Pakistani politics, Bogra replaced Khwaja Nazimuddin as Prime Minister. Iskander Mirza, the then-governor general, dismissed his government in 1955.[2]
4 Chaudhry Muhammad Ali[5]
(1905–80)
12 August 1955 12 September 1956 Pakistan Muslim League Ali took office after in 1955. He resigned from the post in 1956, due to the conflicts with the governor general.[2]
5 Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy[2]
(1892–1963)
12 September 1956 17 October 1957 Awami League Suhrawardy held the post for more than a year. He subsequently resigned in 1957, due to differences with Iskander Mirza.[2]
6 Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar[2][5]
(1898–1968)
17 October 1957 16 December 1957 Pakistan Muslim League Chundrigar was appointed by Iskander Mirza after the resignation of Suhrawardy. He remained prime minister for almost two months. Chundrigar resigned from the post in December 1957.[2]
7 Feroz Khan Noon[2]
(1893–1970)
16 December 1957 7 October 1958 Republican Party Noon was elected as the seventh Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was dismissed during the 1958 Pakistani coup d'état.[6]
7 October 1958 – 7 December 1971
8 Nurul Amin[2][7]
(1893–1974)
7 December 1971 20 December 1971 7 December 1970 Pakistan Muslim League Amin was appointed by Yahya Khan as the eighth Prime Minister of Pakistan; he was also the first and the only Vice President of Pakistan from 1970 to 1972, leading Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.[2]
20 December 1971 – 14 August 1973
9 A man during a conversation. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto[2][22]
(1928–79)
14 August 1973 5 July 1977 14 August 1973 Pakistan Peoples Party Bhutto resigned as president to become the Prime Minister of Pakistan after the 1973 Constitution was promulgated, which established a parliamentary system of government. He was deposed in the 1977 Pakistani coup d'état by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq in July 1977.[9][23]
5 July 1977 – 24 March 1985
10 Muhammad Khan Junejo[5]
(1932–93)
24 March 1985 29 May 1988 28 February 1985 Pakistan Muslim League
(Independent)
Junejo was elected as the tenth Prime Minister of Pakistan in non-party based elections in 1985, therefore he was elected on an Independent ticket but he served the Pakistan Muslim League while before entering in office and during office. He was dismissed by the president after Eighth Amendment to the Constitution.[2]
29 May – 2 December 1988
11 A head and shoulder shoot of a woman in traditional Pakistani dress. Benazir Bhutto[20]
(1953–2007)
2 December 1988 6 August 1990 16 November 1988 Pakistan Peoples Party Bhutto became the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party, in 1982. Six years later, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state.[10][24]
A Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi[25]
(1931–2009)
6 August 1990 6 November 1990 National Peoples Party Jatoi was appointed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan as a caretaker Prime Minister.[2]
12 A head and shoulder shoot of a man from the left. Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
6 November 1990 18 April 1993 24 October 1990 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif was elected as the 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1 November 1990.[26] President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved his government in April 1993, which was later on reinstated by the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[11]
A Balakh Sher Mazari[2]
(1928–)
18 April 1993 26 May 1993 Pakistan Peoples Party Appointed by the President Khan as a caretaker Prime Minister, Mazari's term ended when the Supreme Court overturned the Presidential order and restored Sharif's government.[2]
(12) A head and shoulder shoot of a man from the left. Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
26 May 1993 18 July 1993 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif survived a serious constitutional crisis when President Khan attempted to dismiss him under article 58-2b, in April 1993, but he successfully challenged the decision in the Supreme Court.[11] Sharif resigned from the post negotiating a settlement that resulted in the removal of President as well, in July 1993.[27]
A Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi[2]
(1930–)
18 July 1993 19 October 1993 Independent After Sharif's resignation in July 1993, Qureshi was appointed as the caretaker Prime Minister.
(11) A head and shoulder shoot of a man from the left. Benazir Bhutto[10][20]
(1953–2007)
19 October 1993 5 November 1996 6 October 1993 Pakistan People's Party Bhutto was re-elected for a second term, in 1993. She survived an attempted coup d'état in 1995. Bhutto's government was dismissed by president Farooq Leghari in November 1996.[28][29]
A Malik Meraj Khalid[30]
(1916–2003)
5 November 1996 17 February 1997 Independent Khalid was appointed as a caretaker Prime Minister after the dismissal of Bhutto's government in November 1996.[2]
(12) A head and shoulder shoot of a man from the left. Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
17 February 1997 12 October 1999 3 February 1997 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif was re-elected as Prime Minister with an exclusive mandate from all over Pakistan for a non-consecutive second term, in February 1997.[12][31] His government was deposed by General Pervez Musharraf in October 1999, and Martial law was imposed in the entire country.[13][32]
12 October 1999 – 21 November 2002
13 A beard man sitting in an office. Zafarullah Khan Jamali[5]
(1944–)
21 November 2002 26 June 2004 10 October 2002 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Jamali was elected as the Prime Minister of Pakistan in November 2002. He continued the foreign and economic policies of Pervez Musharraf but could not complete his term and resigned from the post in June 2004.[16]
14 A side shoot of a man looking at the camera. Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain[33]
(1946–)
30 June 2004 20 August 2004 10 October 2002 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Shujaat was elected as a Prime Minister after the resignation of Jamali in June 2004.[33]
15 A head and shoulder shoot of a man wearing a coat and tie. Shaukat Aziz[34]
(1949–)
20 August 2004 16 November 2007 10 October 2002 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Aziz took the office of Prime Minister in August 2004. He left the office at the end of the parliamentary term, in November 2007, and became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan who left the seat after completion of parliamentary term.[35]
A A head and shoulder shoot of a beard man wearing spectacles Muhammad Mian Soomro[36]
(1950–)
16 November 2007 25 March 2008 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Soomro took the office as caretaker Prime Minister in November 2007.[36]
16 A shoot of a man during a meeting. Yousaf Raza Gillani[37]
(1952–)
25 March 2008 19 June 2012 18 February 2008 Pakistan Peoples Party Gillani was elected as prime minister in March 2008. He was disqualified from his seat in the parliament in April 2012 by the Supreme Court for contempt of court.[38]
17
(Far right)
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf[39]
(1950–)
22 June 2012 25 March 2013 18 February 2008 Pakistan People's Party Ashraf assumed the post of Prime Minister in June 2012, after Yousaf Raza Gillani was disqualified over contempt of court charges.[17]
A Mir Hazar Khan Khoso[40]
(1929–)
25 March 2013 5 June 2013 Independent Khoso was appointed by the Election Commission of Pakistan on 24 March,[41] and took oath on 25 March 2013.[42]
(12) A head and shoulder shoot of a man from the left. Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
5 June 2013 Incumbent 11 May 2013 Pakistan Muslim League (N) On 5 June 2013, Sharif took office for a third non-consecutive term.[14][15] He took oath under Asif Ali Zardari, the then-president of Pakistan.[43]

References

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External links

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