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List of Puisne Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada

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Title: List of Puisne Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada  
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Subject: Oath of office, Governor General of Canada, Louise Arbour, Lyman Duff, Frank Iacobucci, Rosalie Abella, Louis-Philippe Pigeon, Louise Charron, John C. Major, Morris Fish
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List of Puisne Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada


Formed in 1875 by Governor General of Canada The Earl of Dufferin, on the advice of his Canadian Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie, the Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court of Canada and, since 1949, has been the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. The court is composed of nine judges: eight Puisne Justices and the Chief Justice of Canada. Three of the nine positions must be held by judges who are members of the Bar of Quebec. Traditionally, three of the judges are appointed from Ontario, two from the four western provinces, and one from the Atlantic provinces. Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Cabinet. To be eligible for a justice position, one must have been a judge of a superior court, or a member of the bar for ten or more years. A Supreme Court justice, as with all federal judges, may sit on the bench only until the age of 75 years. Beverley McLachlin is the current Chief Justice and is the first woman to hold this position.[1]

In this list, justices are placed in the order in which they took the judicial oath of office and thereby started their term of office. While many of the justices' positions prior to appointment are simply listed as "lawyer", many had part-time positions, such as teaching, or acted as counsel to various levels of government.

Justices

     † Denotes current justices


No. Name Province Birth/death Term of
active service
Term of
service
as Chief
Length of
active service
Length
in days
as Chief
Appointed on
advice of
Law school Position prior to appointment
1 Sir William Buell Richards Ontario 1815–89 September 30, 1875 – January 10, 1879 September 30, 1875 – January 10, 1879 1,199 1,199 Mackenzie
Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas for Canada West
2 William Johnstone Ritchie New Brunswick 1813–92 September 30, 1875 – September 25, 1892 January 11, 1879 – September 25, 1892 6,206 5,007 Mackenzie;
Macdonald (as Chief)
Chief Justice of New Brunswick
3 Samuel Henry Strong Ontario 1825–1909 September 30, 1875 – November 18, 1902 December 13, 1892 – November 18, 1902 9,911 3,627 Mackenzie;
Thompson (as Chief)
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
4 Jean-Thomas Taschereau Quebec 1814–93 September 30, 1875 – October 6, 1878
1,103 Mackenzie
Court of Queen's Bench of Quebec
5 Télesphore Fournier Quebec 1823–96 September 30, 1875 – September 12, 1895
7,288 Mackenzie
Postmaster General
6 William Alexander Henry Nova Scotia 1816–88 September 30, 1875 – May 3, 1888
4,600 Mackenzie
Lawyer
7 Sir Henri-Elzéar Taschereau Quebec 1836–1911 October 7, 1878 – May 2, 1906 November 21, 1902 – May 2, 1906 10,069 1,259 Mackenzie;
Laurier (as Chief)
Quebec Superior Court
8 John Wellington Gwynne Ontario 1814–1902 January 14, 1879 – January 7, 1902
8,394 Macdonald
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
9 Christopher Salmon Patterson Ontario 1823–93 October 27, 1888 – July 24, 1893
1,732 Macdonald
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
10 Robert Sedgewick Nova Scotia 1848–1906 February 18, 1893 – August 4, 1906
4,915 Thompson
Deputy Minister of Justice
11 George Edwin King New Brunswick 1839–1901 September 21, 1893 – May 8, 1901
2,786 Thompson
Supreme Court of New Brunswick
12 Désiré Girouard Quebec 1836–1911 September 28, 1895 – March 22, 1911
5,654 Bowell
Member of Parliament for Jacques Cartier
13 Sir Louis Henry Davies Prince Edward Island 1845–1924 September 25, 1901 – May 1, 1924 November 23, 1918 – May 1, 1924 8,255 1,987 Laurier;
Borden (as Chief)
Member of Parliament for West Queen's
14 David Mills Ontario 1831–1903 February 8, 1902 – May 8, 1903
455 Laurier
Minister of Justice
Leader of the Government in the Senate
15 John Douglas Armour Ontario 1830–1903 November 21, 1902 – July 11, 1903
233 Laurier
Chief Justice of Ontario
16 Wallace Nesbitt Ontario 1858–1930 May 16, 1903 – October 4, 1905
873 Laurier
Lawyer
17 Albert Clements Killam Manitoba 1849–1908 August 8, 1903 – February 6, 1905
549 Laurier
Chief Justice of Manitoba
18 John Idington Ontario 1840–1928 February 10, 1905 – March 31, 1927
8,085 Laurier
High Court of Justice of Ontario
19 James Maclennan Ontario 1833–1915 October 5, 1905 – February 13, 1909
1,228 Laurier
Court of Appeal for Ontario
20 Sir Charles Fitzpatrick Quebec 1853–1942 June 4, 1906 – November 21, 1918 June 4, 1906 – November 21, 1918 4,554 4,554 Laurier
Minister of Justice
21 Lyman Poore Duff British Columbia 1865–1955 September 27, 1906 – January 2, 1944 March 17, 1933 – January 2, 1944 13,617 3,949 Laurier;
Bennett (as Chief)
Supreme Court of British Columbia
22 Francis Alexander Anglin Ontario 1865–1933 February 23, 1909 – February 28, 1933 September 16, 1924 – February 28, 1933 8,772 3,088 Laurier;
King (as Chief)
High Court of Justice of Ontario (Exchequer Division)
23 Louis-Philippe Brodeur Quebec 1862–1924 August 11, 1911 – October 10, 1923
4,444 Laurier
Minister of the Naval Service
24 Pierre-Basile Mignault Quebec 1854–1945 October 25, 1918 – September 30, 1929
3,994 Borden
Member of the International Joint Commission
25 Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin Quebec 1857–1936 January 30, 1924 – October 1, 1924
246 King
Quebec Superior Court
26 Edmund Leslie Newcombe Nova Scotia 1859–1931 September 16, 1924 – December 9, 1931
2,641 King
Deputy Minister of Justice
27 Thibaudeau Rinfret Quebec 1879–1962 October 1, 1924 – June 22, 1954 January 8, 1944 – June 22, 1954 10,857 3,819 King
Quebec Superior Court
28 John Henderson Lamont Saskatchewan 1865–1936 April 2, 1927 – March 10, 1936
3,266 King
Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan
29 Robert Smith Ontario 1858–1942 May 18, 1927 – December 7, 1933
2,396 King
High Court of Justice of Ontario (Appellate Division)
30 Lawrence Arthur Dumoulin Cannon Quebec 1877–1939 January 14, 1930 – December 25, 1939
3,633 King
Court of King's Bench for Quebec
31 Oswald Smith Crocket New Brunswick 1868–1945 September 21, 1932 – April 13, 1943
3,857 Bennett
Supreme Court of New Brunswick
32 Frank Joseph Hughes Ontario 1883–1967 March 17, 1933 – February 13, 1935
699 Bennett
Lawyer
33 Henry Hague Davis Ontario 1885–1944 January 31, 1935 – June 30, 1944
3,439 Bennett
Court of Appeal for Ontario
34 Patrick Kerwin Ontario 1889–1963 July 20, 1935 – February 2, 1963 July 1, 1954 – February 2, 1963 10,060 3,139 Bennett;
St. Laurent (as Chief)
High Court of Justice of Ontario
35 Albert Blellock Hudson Manitoba 1875–1947 March 24, 1936 – January 6, 1947
3,941 King
Lawyer
36 Robert Taschereau Quebec 1896–1970 February 9, 1940 – September 1, 1967 April 22, 1963 – September 1, 1967 10,067 1,549 King;
Diefenbaker (as Chief)
Lawyer
37 Ivan Cleveland Rand New Brunswick 1884–1969 April 22, 1943 – April 27, 1959
5,850 King
Lawyer
38 Roy Lindsay Kellock Ontario 1893–1975 October 3, 1944 – January 15, 1958
4,853 King
Court of Appeal for Ontario
39 James Wilfred Estey Saskatchewan 1889–1956 October 6, 1944 – January 22, 1956
4,126 King
Attorney General of Saskatchewan
40 Charles Holland Locke British Columbia 1887–1980 June 3, 1947 – September 16, 1962
5,585 King
Lawyer
41 John Robert Cartwright Ontario 1895–1979 December 22, 1949 – March 23, 1970 September 1, 1967 – March 23, 1970 7,397 935 St. Laurent;
Pearson (as Chief)
Lawyer
42 Joseph Honoré Gérald Fauteux Quebec 1900–80 December 22, 1949 – December 23, 1973 March 23, 1970 – December 23, 1973 8,768 1,372 St. Laurent;
Trudeau (as Chief)
Quebec Superior Court
43 Douglas Charles Abbott Quebec 1899–1987 July 1, 1954 – December 23, 1973
7,116 St. Laurent
Minister of Finance
44 Henry Grattan Nolan Alberta 1893–1957 March 1, 1956 – July 8, 1957
495 St. Laurent
Lawyer
45 Ronald Martland Alberta 1909–97 January 15, 1958 – February 10, 1982
8,793 Diefenbaker
Lawyer
46 Wilfred Judson Ontario 1902–80 February 5, 1958 – July 20, 1977
7,106 Diefenbaker
High Court of Justice of Ontario
47 Roland Almon Ritchie Nova Scotia 1910–88 May 5, 1959 – October 31, 1984
9,312 Diefenbaker
Lawyer
48 Emmett Matthew Hall Saskatchewan 1898–1995 November 23, 1962 – March 1, 1973
3,752 Diefenbaker
Chief Justice of Saskatchewan
49 Wishart Flett Spence Ontario 1904–98 May 30, 1963 – December 29, 1978
5,693 Pearson
High Court of Justice of Ontario
50 Louis-Philippe Pigeon Quebec 1905–86 September 21, 1967 – February 8, 1980
4,524 Pearson
Lawyer
51 Bora Laskin Ontario 1912–84 March 19, 1970 – March 26, 1984 December 27, 1973 – March 26, 1984 5,122 3,743 Trudeau Osgoode Hall Law School and Harvard Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
52 Robert George Brian Dickson Manitoba 1916–98 March 26, 1973 – June 30, 1990 April 18, 1984 – June 30, 1990 6,306 2,265 Trudeau University of Manitoba Manitoba Court of Appeal
53 Jean Beetz Quebec 1927–91 January 1, 1974 – November 10, 1988
5,428 Trudeau Université de Montréal Quebec Court of Appeal
54 Louis-Philippe de Grandpré Quebec 1917–2008 January 1, 1974 – October 1, 1977
1,370 Trudeau McGill University President of the Canadian Bar Association
55 Willard Zebedee Estey Ontario 1919–2002 September 29, 1977 – April 22, 1988
3,859 Trudeau University of Saskatchewan Chief Justice of Ontario
56 Yves Pratte Quebec 1925–88 October 1, 1977 – June 30, 1979
638 Trudeau Université Laval and University of Toronto Chairman of Air Canada
57 William Rogers McIntyre British Columbia 1918–2009 January 1, 1979 – February 15, 1989
3,699 Trudeau University of Saskatchewan British Columbia Court of Appeal
58 Julien Chouinard Quebec 1929–87 September 24, 1979 – February 6, 1987
2,693 Clark Université Laval Quebec Court of Appeal
59 Antonio Lamer Quebec 1933–2007 March 28, 1980 – January 6, 2000 July 1, 1990 – January 6, 2000 7,224 3,477 Trudeau;
Mulroney (as Chief)
Université de Montréal Quebec Court of Appeal
60 Bertha Wilson Ontario 1923–2007 March 4, 1982 – January 4, 1991
3,229 Trudeau Dalhousie University Court of Appeal for Ontario
61 Gerald Eric Le Dain Ontario 1924–2007 May 29, 1984 – November 30, 1988
1,647 Trudeau McGill University Federal Court of Appeal
62 Gérard La Forest New Brunswick 1926 – January 16, 1985 – September 30, 1997
4,641 Mulroney University of New Brunswick and Yale University New Brunswick Court of Appeal
63 Claire L'Heureux-Dubé Quebec 1927 – April 15, 1987 – July 1, 2002
5,557 Mulroney Université Laval Quebec Court of Appeal
64 John Sopinka Saskatchewan 1933–97 May 24, 1988 – November 24, 1997
3,472 Mulroney University of Toronto Lawyer
65 Charles Gonthier Quebec 1928–2009 February 1, 1989 – August 1, 2003
5,295 Mulroney McGill University Quebec Court of Appeal
66 Peter Cory Ontario 1925 – February 1, 1989 – June 1, 1999
3,773 Mulroney Osgoode Hall Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
67 Beverley McLachlin British Columbia 1943 – March 30, 1989 – present January 7, 2000 – present 9,228[2] 5,293[3] Mulroney;
Chrétien (as Chief)
University of Alberta Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia
68 William Stevenson Alberta 1934 – September 17, 1990 – June 5, 1992
628 Mulroney University of Alberta Court of Appeal of Alberta
Court of Appeal for the Northwest Territories
69 Frank Iacobucci Ontario 1937 – January 7, 1991 – June 30, 2004
4,924 Mulroney University of British Columbia and University of Cambridge Chief Justice of the Federal Court
70 John C. Major Alberta 1931 – November 13, 1992 – December 25, 2005
4,791 Mulroney University of Toronto Court of Appeal of Alberta
71 Michel Bastarache New Brunswick 1947 – September 30, 1997 – June 30, 2008
3,926 Chrétien University of Ottawa New Brunswick Court of Appeal
72 William Ian Corneil Binnie Ontario 1939 – January 8, 1998 – October 21, 2011
5,034 Chrétien Cambridge University University of Toronto Lawyer
73 Louise Arbour Ontario 1947 – September 15, 1999 – June 30, 2004
1,751 Chrétien University of Ottawa Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda
74 Louis LeBel Quebec 1939 – January 7, 2000 – present
5,293[4] Chrétien Université Laval

University of Toronto

Quebec Court of Appeal
75 Marie Deschamps Quebec 1952 – August 7, 2002 – August 7, 2012
3,653 Chrétien Université de Montréal Quebec Court of Appeal
76 Morris J. Fish Quebec 1938 – August 5, 2003 – August 31, 2013
3,680 Chrétien McGill University Quebec Court of Appeal
77 Rosalie Abella Ontario 1946 – October 4, 2004 – present
3,561[5] Martin University of Toronto Court of Appeal for Ontario
78 Louise Charron Ontario 1951 – October 4, 2004 – August 30, 2011
2,521 Martin University of Ottawa Court of Appeal for Ontario
79 Marshall Rothstein Manitoba 1940 – March 1, 2006 – present
3,048[6] Harper University of Manitoba Federal Court of Appeal
80 Thomas Cromwell Nova Scotia 1952 – December 22, 2008 – present
2,021[7] Harper Queen's University
University of Oxford
Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
81 Michael J. Moldaver Ontario 1948 – October 21, 2011 – present
988[8] Harper University of Toronto Court of Appeal for Ontario
82 Andromache Karakatsanis Ontario 1955 – October 21, 2011 – present
988[9] Harper Osgoode Hall Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
83 Richard Wagner Quebec 1957 – October 5, 2012 – present
638[10] Harper University of Ottawa Quebec Court of Appeal
84 Marc Nadon Quebec 1949 – October 3, 2013 – present
275[11] Harper Université de Sherbrooke Federal Court of Appeal

See also

References

Bibliography

Further reading

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