World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of Sultans of Brunei

Article Id: WHEBN0000387576
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of Sultans of Brunei  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Abdul Hakkul Mubin, Ahmad of Brunei, Abdul Majid Hassan, Muhammad Ali (Brunei), Shah Berunai
Collection: Alid Dynasties, Brunei-Related Lists, Hashemite People, Lists of Monarchs, Sultans of Brunei
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of Sultans of Brunei

Sultan of Brunei
Hassanal Bolkiah in 2009
Hassanal Bolkiah
Style His Majesty
Heir apparent Al-Muhtadee Billah
First monarch Muhammad Shah
Formation 1405
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei. He is also head of government in his capacity as Prime Minister.[1] Since independence from the British in 1984, only one Sultan has reigned, though the royal institution dates back to the 14th century.[2]

The Sultan of Brunei can be thought of as synonymous with the ruling House of Bolkiah, with descendency being traced from the 1st sultan, temporarily interrupted by the 14th sultan Abdul Hakkul Mubin who in turn was deposed by a member of the House of Bolkiah. It is not clear when the house became known as the 'House of Bolkiah', and whether it was named after the current sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, or the 6th sultan Bolkiah .

The full title of the Sultan is: His Majesty The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam.[1]


  • List of Sultans 1
  • Uncertainties 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

List of Sultans

The following is the list of Sultans of Brunei since 1368:[2]
Name Reign Remarks
From (AD) Until (AD)
1 Muhammad Shah / Awang Alak Betatar 1368[3] 1402 Established the Sultanate.[3]
2 Abdul Majid Hassan / Maharaja Karna 1402 1408 Died in Nanjing, China.
3 Ahmad / Awang Pateh Berbai 1408 1425
4 Sharif Ali 1425 1432 No direct genealogical relation to predecessor, but was selected as he was the son-in-law of the previous sultan (Ahmad) and was well versed in Islam.
5 Sulaiman 1432 1485 Son of the previous sultan, Sharif Ali. Abdicated to allow his son Bolkiah to become sultan.
6 Bolkiah 1485 1524 Son of the previous sultan, Sulaiman
7 Abdul Kahar 1524 1530 Son of the previous sultan, Bolkiah
8 Saiful Rijal 1533 1581 Nephew of the previous sultan, Abdul Kahar. Castille War broke out between Brunei and Spain.
9 Shah Berunai 1581 1582 Son of the previous sultan, Saiful Rijal
10 Muhammad Hassan 1582 1598 Younger brother of the previous sultan, Shah Berunai, and son of the 8th sultan, Saiful Rijal.
11 Abdul Jalilul Akbar 1598 1659 Son of the previous sultan, Muhammad Hassan
12 Abdul Jalilul Jabbar 1659 1660
13 Muhammad Ali 1660 1660 Killed by his successor Abdul Hakkul Mubin, sparking the Brunei Civil War.
14 Abdul Hakkul Mubin 1660 1673 Started the Brunei Civil War by killing his predecessor Muhammad Ali, and was in turn killed by Muhammad Ali's grandson Muhyiddin who succeeded him as sultan.
15 Muhyiddin 1673 1690 Grandson of Muhammad Ali who avenged his death by killing his predecessor Abdul Hakkul Mubin, so ending the Brunei Civil War.
16 Nassaruddin 1690 1710
17 Hussin Kamaluddin 1710 1730 First reign
18 Muhammad Alauddin 1730 1737
19 Hussin Kamaluddin 1737 1740 Second reign
20 Omar Ali Saifuddin I 1740 1795
21 Muhammad Tajuddin 1795 1807
22 Muhammad Jamalul Alam I 1804 1804
23 Muhammad Kanzul Alam 1807 1826
24 Muhammad Alam 1826 1828
25 Omar Ali Saifuddin II 1828 1852 Brunei ceded Sarawak to James Brooke.
26 Abdul Momin 1852 30 May 1885 Brunei ceded eastern North Borneo.
27 Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin 30 May 1885 10 May 1906 United Kingdom established protectorate over Brunei in 1888.
28 Muhammad Jamalul Alam II 10 May 1906 11 September 1924
29 Ahmad Tajuddin 11 September 1924 4 June 1950
30 Omar Ali Saifuddien III 4 June 1950 4 October 1967 Abdicated; died on 7 September 1986.
31 Hassanal Bolkiah 4 October 1967 Present Brunei regained independence from the United Kingdom in 1984.


The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei history. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources [4] The Batu Tarsilah - the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei - was not started until 1807. Therefore, much of the intepretation on history relied on earlier Chinese sources and legends.[3] It seems that the early Sultanate of Brunei was dependent on Chinese support,[3][5][6] and perhaps early Sultans were of Chinese origin.[3] Furthermore the earliest Sultans may have been practising the Hindu or Buddhist religions, with early names indicating this origin.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b c d e
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.