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List of Thai flags

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List of Thai flags

Flag of the Kingdom of Thailand

This is a list of flags used in Thailand.

National flag

Flag Date Use Description Usage
1917– Flag of Thailand Five horizontal stripes of red, white, blue, white and red, the middle stripe twice as wide as the others. The flag name called "Thong Trairong" (Thai: ธงไตรรงค์—also referred as "Trairanga") which mean the tricolour flag. Originally, Vajiravudh assigned this flag as a civil flag.[1] He also stipulated that a separate flag for each government ministry be made by charging additional emblem onto the center of the flag.

Royal flags

Royal standards

Flag Date Use Description
1911– Royal Standard of the King of Thailand A yellow plain square flag with a dancing red Garuda in the center. Usually mounted in front of the car boarded by the King.
1911– Standard of the Queen of Thailand King's Standard in ratio 2:3 with swallow-tailed end.
1979– Standard for Senior members of the Royal Family (usually the Princess Mother) Queen's Standard in ratio 2:3 with swallow-tailed end. The blue middle square depicts the Royal Crown atop two bowls on a table flanked by two five-tiered royal umbrellas.
1911– Standard of the Crown Prince of Thailand. Thai king's standard with blue border.
1911– Standard for the Royal Consort of the Crown Prince of Thailand. Blue 2:3 rectangle defaced with King's Standard. The flag is swallow-tailed. Currently use for HRH Princess Srirasmi.
1911– Standard for other princes in the Chakri Dynasty. Blue square defaced with yellow circle. The circle features red Garuda.
1911– Standard for other princesses in the Chakri Dynasty. Standard for the male royalties in ratio 2:3 with swallow-tailed end. This is also the rank flag for HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.
1936– Standard for the Regent of Thailand. A white plain square flag with the Garuda and a shield depicting the National Flag in the center.

Personal royal flags

Flag Date Use Description
1946– Personal Flag of HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej Yellow flag (the King's birthday colour), the middle the depicts the Royal Cypher (ภ ป ร: ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช รมาชาธิราช : Bhumibol Adulyadej Paramarajadhiraja (Thai equivalent to Bhumibol Rex)), topped by the Great Crown of Victory, in between is the Thai symbol for Aum.
1950– Personal Flag of HM Queen Sirikit Blue flag (the Queen's birthday colour), the middle is Queen Sirikit's Royal Cypher (ส ก: สิริกิติ์ กิติยากร: Sirikit Kitiyakara), topped by the Great Crown of Victory.

Royal Thai Government flags

Flag Date Use Description
1936– Flag of the Prime Minister of Thailand White flag in ratio 5:6 with the Prime Minister's seal under the royal crown.
1979– Flag of the Minister of Defence of Thailand White flag in ratio 5:6 with the Emblem of the Ministry of Defence in the center. The emblem consists of a red chakra (Army), the dark blue anchor (Navy) and the sky blue wings (Air Force).

Military flags

Flag Date Use Description
1979– Royal Thai Army Flag Red flag with the emblem of Royal Thai Army: a chakra under Unalom and the Thai royal crown with rays flanked by the wreaths (from Flag law B.E.2522 (1979)).
1979– Royal Thai Navy Flag Navy blue flag with the emblem of Royal Thai Navy in the white circle (from Flag law B.E.2522 (1979)).
1917– Naval Jack A national flag with the emblem of Royal Thai Navy in the center: a chakra inserted with an anchor under the Thai royal crown. The design is identical to Thai naval unit colours. Note that all Thai Army, Navy and Air Force unit colours called "Thong Chai Chalermphol" (ธงชัยเฉลิมพล).
1917– Naval Ensign A red disc containing a white elephant in regalia centred on the national flag.
1979– Royal Thai Air Force Flag Blue sky flag with the emblem of Royal Thai Air Force: wings with Unalom under the Thai royal crown and rays (from Flag law B.E.2522 (1979)).
1979– Flag for Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army Red flag with the emblem of Royal Thai Army with five stars underneath.
1897– Flag for Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Navy Navy blue flag with the emblem of Royal Thai Navy.
1979– Flag for Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Air Force Blue sky flag with yellow borders and the emblem of Royal Thai Air Force with a shield depicting the National flag.

Religion flags

Flag Date Use Description
1958– The Dharmacakra flag—Buddhism Yellow is color of Buddhism, the middle the depicts the Red Thammachak, symbol of Buddhism Organizations and Buddhists in Thailand.
1988– The Cross flag—Christianity White is color of Christianity, the middle the depicts the Red Cross, symbol of church organizations and Christians in Thailand.
1997– The Jihad flag—Islam Black or green is color of Islam, the middle the depicts the Shahada (Lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh, muḥammadur rasūlu-llāh), symbol of The Central Islamic Committee Organizations and Muslims in Thailand.

Diplomatic flags

Flag Date Use Description
1927– Ambassador Standard of Thailand A blue disc containing a white elephant in regalia centred on the national flag.
1927– Consular Flag of Thailand Triranga surmounted with blue disc containing a white elephant.

Provincial flags

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Ang Thong
Flag of Bangkok Green Flag with the Seal of the Bangkok Metropolitan, in white at the center. Used by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration and the Governor of Bangkok.
Flag of Buriram
Flag of Chachoengsao
Flag of Chainat
Flag of Chiang Mai
Flag of Pattani
Flag of Samut Prakan

Historical flags

Flag and Ensign of Siam (Thailand)

Flag Date Use Description
c. 1700–1855 Ensign of Siam, use as state ensign until 1782 A red plain rectangular flag.
1782–1817 State ensign of Siam Red flag with a white chakra.
1817–1855 State ensign of Siam Red flag with a white elephant inside the chakra.
1855–1916 Flag of Siam A white elephant facing to the hoist in the red flag. Called in Thai language "Thong Chang" (ธงช้างเผือก)[2] (the elephant flag).
1916–1917 State flag and ensign of Siam Red flag with a white elephant in regalia.
1916–1917 Current civil flag and former ensign of Siam Five horizontal stripes flag like the "Trairanga" but the middle stripe is red.

War flags

Flag Date Use Description
1917–1918 War flag of Siam (World War I), Obverse Triranga defaced with a red disc containing dressed white elephant, facing a flagpole. Briefly, its appearance is the same as naval ensign, but both red banners of the flag contains a stanza from a Buddhist chant in Pali, written in Thai script: "พาหุํสหัส์สมภินิม์มิตสาวุธัน์ตํ ค๎รีเมขลํอุทิตโฆรสเสนมารํ ทานาทิธัม์มวิธินาชิตวามุนิน์โท ตัน์เตชสาภวตุเมชยสิทธินิจ์จํ".
1917–1918 War flag of Siam (World War I), Reverse Triranga defaced with a red disc containing Vajiravudh's personal emblem. The emblem features Thai acronym "ร.ร." and Thai digit six ("๖"), both are displayed under the glowing crown. Both red banners of the flag contains the same chant in Thai script as the obverse.

Diplomatic flags

Flag Date Use Description
1912–1917 Ambassador Standard of Siam State flag with blue circle at its canton. The circle contains Garuda holding crown.
1912–1917 Consular Flag of Siam State flag with blue circle at its canton. The circle contains Garuda with outstretched wings.
1917–1927 Ambassador Standard and Consular Flag of Siam Triranga surmounted with white elephant, facing a pole.

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

Government
  • Thai royal flags (from Thai MOD's site) (Thai)
  • Thai Naval ensign and others naval flags (from Thai Naval Museum) (Thai)
  • Thai naval flags (Thai)
Private
  • Siam Flag museum (White Elephant Flag) (Thai)
  • Thai Flag museum (Tricolors) (Thai)
  • Timeline of Thai Flag wrote by Damrong Rajanubhab
  • Historical thai flag
  • Flag Law B.E. 2522 (Current Thai flag law in Thai language)
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