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List of World Heritage Sites in Northern Europe


List of World Heritage Sites in Northern Europe

The World Heritage Sites in eight countries (also called "state parties") commonly referred to as Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, i.e. a combination of Nordic and Baltic countries.[1] Greenland lying on the North American continent is not included in this list despite of its political ties with Denmark; it is included in the List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas. The United Kingdom and Ireland are included in Western Europe even though they are sometimes listed in Northern Europe.[2]

Sweden is home to the most inscribed sites with 15 sites, two of which are transborder properties. Three sites are shared between several countries: the Curonian Spit (Lithuania and Russia), the High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago (Sweden and Finland) and the Struve Geodetic Arc (ten countries in Northern and Eastern Europe).[3] The first sites from the region were inscribed in 1979, when the Urnes Stave Church and Bryggen, both in Norway were chosen a year after the list's conception.[4][5] Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).[6] Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Northern Europe, there are 32 cultural, 3 natural, and 1 mixed sites.[3]

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." None of the sites in Northern Europe has ever been listed as endangered, though possible danger listing has been considered by UNESCO in a number of cases.[7][8]


  • Legend 1
  • Inscribed sites 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4


The table is sortable by column by clicking on the at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[6]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Inscribed sites

  * Trans-border site
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland Kalmar,  Sweden
(iv), (v)
2000 [9]
Birka and Hovgården Stockholm,  Sweden
(iii), (iv)
1993 [10]
Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki Rauma (Lappi), Satakunta,  Finland
(iii), (iv)
1999 [11]
Bryggen Bergen, Hordaland,  Norway
1979 [12]
Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå Norrbotten,  Sweden
(ii), (iv), (v)
1996 [13]
Curonian Spit Neringa and Klaipėda district, Klaipėda County,  Lithuania* and Zelenogradsky District, Kaliningrad Oblast,  Russia*
2000 [14]
Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland Sweden
700114000000000000014 (35); buffer zone 537 (1,330) 2012 [15]
Engelsberg Ironworks Västmanland,  Sweden
1993 [16]
Fortress of Suomenlinna Helsinki,  Finland
1991 [17]
Hanseatic Town of Visby Gotland,  Sweden
(iv), (v)
1995 [18]
High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago Västernorrland,  Sweden* and  Finland*
7005194400000000000194,400 (480,000) 2000[nb 1] [19]
Historic Centre of Riga
Riga,  Latvia
(i), (ii)
7002438000000000000438 (1,080); buffer zone 1,574 (3,890) 1997 [20]
Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn Tallinn, Harju County,  Estonia
(ii), (iv)
7002113000000000000113 (280); buffer zone 2,253 (5,570) 1997[nb 2] [21]
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church Jelling, Vejle Municipality, Southern Denmark,  Denmark
70004960000000000004.96 (12.3) 1994 [22]
Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė) Kernavė, Širvintos district, Vilnius County,  Lithuania
(iii), (iv)
7002194000000000000194 (480); buffer zone 2,455 (6,070) 2004 [23]
Kronborg Castle Helsingør, Capital Region, Zealand,  Denmark
2000 [24]
Laponian Area Norrbotten,  Sweden
(iii), (v), (vii), (viii), (ix)
7005940000000000000940,000 (2,300,000) 1996 [25]
Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun Dalarna,  Sweden
(ii), (iii), (v)
700143000000000000043 (110); buffer zone 3,500 (8,600) 2001 [26]
Naval Port of Karlskrona Blekinge,  Sweden
(ii), (iv)
1998 [27]
Old Rauma Rauma, Satakunta,  Finland
(iv), (v)
700129000000000000029 (72); buffer zone 142 (350) 1991[nb 3] [28][29]
Petäjävesi Old Church Petäjävesi, Central Finland,  Finland
1994 [30]
Rock Art of Alta Alta, Finnmark,  Norway
1985 [31]
Rock Carvings in Tanum Västra Götaland,  Sweden
(i), (iii), (iv)
1994 [32]
Røros Mining Town and the Circumference
Røros, Sør-Trøndelag,  Norway
(iii), (iv), {v}
1980[nb 4] [33]
Roskilde Cathedral
Roskilde, Region Zealand, Zealand,  Denmark
(ii), (iv)
69994000000000000000.40 (0.99); buffer zone 1.50 (3.7) 1995 [34]
Royal Domain of Drottningholm Stockholm,  Sweden
1991 [35]
Skogskyrkogården Stockholm,  Sweden
(ii), (iv)
1994 [36]
Struve Geodetic Arc
 Belarus*,  Estonia*,  Finland*,  Latvia*,  Lithuania*,  Moldova*,  Norway*,  Russia*,  Sweden* and  Ukraine* Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
2005 [37]
Surtsey Vestmannaeyjar,  Iceland
70033370000000000003,370 (8,300); buffer zone 3,190 (7,900) 2008 [38]
Þingvellir National Park
Bláskógabyggð,  Iceland
(iii), (vi)
70039270000000000009,270 (22,900) 2004 [39]
Urnes Stave Church Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,  Norway
(i), (ii), {iii}
1979 [40]
Varberg Radio Station Halland,  Sweden
(ii), (iv)
7002109000000000000109 (270); buffer zone 3,854 (9,520) 2004 [41]
Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago Vega, Nordland,  Norway
7005103710000000000103,710 (256,300); buffer zone 28,040 (69,300) 2004 [42]
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill Kouvola (Jaala), Kymenlaakso,  Finland
700123000000000000023 (57); buffer zone 80 (200) 1996 [43]
Vilnius Historic Centre Vilnius,  Lithuania
(ii), (iv)
1994 [44]
West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,  Norway
(vii), (viii)
2005 [45]


  1. ^ Extended in 2006 to include the Kvarken Archipelago and name change from High Coast to the present name.
  2. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2008.
  3. ^ Addition of the buffer zone in 2009 which had been established on a national level in 2003.
  4. ^ Extended in 2010 to include the circumference and name change from Røros Mining Town to the present name.


  1. ^ "Number of World Heritage Properties by region".  
  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region.  
  3. ^ a b c "World Heritage List".  
  4. ^ "Number of World Heritage properties inscribed each Year".  
  5. ^ (PDF) Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Second Session, Final Report (Report). . Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b "The Criteria for Selection".  
  7. ^ "World Heritage in Danger".  
  8. ^ "Decision - 28COM 15B.75".  
  9. ^ "Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland".  
  10. ^ "Birka and Hovgården".  
  11. ^ "Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki".  
  12. ^ "Bryggen".  
  13. ^ "Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå".  
  14. ^ "Curonian Spit".  
  15. ^ "Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland".  
  16. ^ "Engelsberg Ironworks".  
  17. ^ "Fortress of Suomenlinna".  
  18. ^ "Hanseatic Town of Visby".  
  19. ^ "High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago".  
  20. ^ "Historic Centre of Riga".  
  21. ^ "Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn".  
  22. ^ "Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church".  
  23. ^ "Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)".  
  24. ^ "Kronborg Castle".  
  25. ^ "Laponian Area".  
  26. ^ "Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun".  
  27. ^ "Naval Port of Karlskrona".  
  28. ^ "Old Rauma".  
  29. ^ "Old Rauma" (PDF).  
  30. ^ "Petäjävesi Old Church".  
  31. ^ "Rock Art of Alta".  
  32. ^ "Rock Carvings in Tanum".  
  33. ^ "Røros Mining Town and the Circumference".  
  34. ^ "Roskilde Cathedral".  
  35. ^ "Royal Domain of Drottningholm".  
  36. ^ "Skogskyrkogården".  
  37. ^ "Struve Geodetic Arc".  
  38. ^ "Surtsey".  
  39. ^ "Þingvellir National Park".  
  40. ^ "Urnes Stave Church".  
  41. ^ "Varberg Radio Station".  
  42. ^ "Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago".  
  43. ^ "Verla Groundwood and Board Mill".  
  44. ^ "Vilnius Historic Centre".  
  45. ^ "West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord".  
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