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List of aircraft carriers by country

 

List of aircraft carriers by country

Countries currently operating carriers in blue; historic operators of carriers in light blue

The list of aircraft carriers by country includes all List of seaplane carriers by country.

Contents

  • Numbers of aircraft carriers by country 1
  • Argentina 2
  • Australia 3
  • Brazil 4
  • Canada 5
  • China 6
  • France 7
  • Germany 8
  • India 9
  • Italy 10
  • Japan 11
  • Netherlands 12
  • Russia 13
  • Soviet Union 14
  • Spain 15
  • Thailand 16
  • Ukraine 17
  • United Kingdom 18
  • United States 19
  • See also 20
  • Notes 21
  • References 22
  • Further reading 23

Numbers of aircraft carriers by country

The table below does not include submarine aircraft carriers, seaplane tenders, escort carriers, merchant aircraft carriers, helicopter carriers or amphibious assault ships
Number of aircraft carriers by operating nation
Country In service In reserve Decommissioned Under construction Never completed Total completed
United States 10 2 56 3 12 68
India 2 0 1 1 0 3
Italy 2 0 0 0 2 2
China 1 0 0 1 0 1
Spain 1 1 1 0 1 3
France 1 0 7 0 7 8
Russia 1 0 6 0 2 7
Brazil 1 0 1 0 0 2
Thailand 1 0 0 0 0 1
United Kingdom 0 0 40 2 12 40
Japan 0 0 20 0 4 20
Australia 0 0 3 0 0 3
Canada 0 0 3 0 0 3
Argentina 0 0 2 0 0 2
Netherlands 0 0 2 0 0 2
Germany 0 0 0 0 8 0

Argentina

Retired:

Australia

Retired:

Brazil

Active:

Retired:

Canada

Retired:

China

Active:

  • Liaoning: never completed ex-Soviet Navy carrier sold to China by Ukraine being refitted in Dalian. Handed on to PLAN on 23 September 2012 and entered active service on 25 September 2012.[1]

Planned:

France

Active:

Retired:

Never completed:

  • Engageante : Friponne class sloop planned for conversion but not completed
  • Conquerante : Valliante class sloop planned for conversion but not completed
  • Joffre class
    • Joffre : carrier construction cancelled in 1940
    • Painlevé : carrier plan cancelled in 1940
  • Verdun : attack carrier development cancelled in 1961
  • PH 75: projected two nuclear powered helicopter carrier program during the 1970s
    • Bretagne: STOVL aircraft carrier
    • Provence: STOVL aircraft carrier
  • PA 2 : cancelled 2013
    • CVF design.
    • Richelieu : modified version of Thales UK/BMT design for the future British Queen Elizabeth class (formerly CVF).

Germany

Never completed:

The two planned Italian carriers Aquila and Sparviero were seized by the Germans after the Italian Armistice but not completed.

India

Active:

Under construction:

Planned

  • INS Vishal: 65,000 tons, Vikrant-class carrier. Yet to start, planned to enter service in 2025. It may be nuclear powered.[3]

Retired:

  • INS Vikrant : 19,500 tons, Majestic-class carrier, (ex-HMS Hercules), in service from 1961 to 1997, used as a museum until 2012, scrapped 2014-2015.

Italy

Active:

Never completed:

  • Sparviero (1927) (converted liner Augustus, not completed as carrier) – Sunk 5 October 1944
  • Aquila (1926) (converted liner Roma) – BU 1951–1952

Japan

Retired:

  • Hōshō (1921) – decommissioned 1946
  • Kaiyo (1943) – decommissioned 1945 and scrapped 1946

Sunk:

  • Kaga (1921) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
  • Akagi (1925) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
  • Ryūjō (1931) – sunk, Battle of the Eastern Solomons, August 1942
  • Ryūhō (1933) – damaged at Kure by U.S. air raid March 1945 and scrapped postwar
  • Sōryū class
    • Sōryū (1935) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
    • Hiryū (1937) – sunk, Battle of Midway, June 1942
  • Zuihō class
    • Shōhō (1935) – sunk, Battle of the Coral Sea, May 1942
    • Zuihō (1936) – sunk, Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944
  • Chitose class
    • Chitose (1936) – seaplane tender from 1934 to 1942, rebuilt as light carrier and sunk at Battle of Leyte Gulf in October 1944
    • Chiyoda (1937) – sunk at Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944
  • Shōkaku class
    • Shōkaku (1939) – sunk, Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944
    • Zuikaku (1939) – sunk, Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944
  • Hiyō class
    • Junyō (1939) – damaged during Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944. Never repaired; scrapped postwar.
    • Hiyō (1939) – sunk, Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944
  • Taihō (1943) – sunk, Battle of Philippine Sea, June 1944
  • Unryū class
    • Amagi (1943) – used as anti-aircraft platform and sunk in July 1945
    • Unryū (1943) – sunk by U.S. submarine Redfish, December 1944
    • Katsuragi (1944) – used as transport to repatriate Japanese troops postwar and then scrapped
  • Shinano (1944) – sunk by U.S. submarine Archerfish, November 1944
  • Mizuho (1939) – sunk by U.S. submarine USS Drum, 1 May 1942.

Only Hōshō, Junyō, Katsuragi and Ryuho survived the war and these were scrapped by 1948.

Never completed:

  • Unryū class
    • Aso 4th unit of Unryū class (not completed)
    • Ikoma 5th unit of Unryū class (not completed)
    • Kasagi 6th unit of Unryū class (not completed)
  • Ibuki - heavy cruiser conversion; scrapped post-war

Special Note:

Currently Japan operates several helicopter destroyers which are effectively similar to aircraft carriers.

2 helicopter carrier ships:Hyūga-class helicopter destroyer 19,000 tons (full load) anti-submarine warfare carrier with enhanced command-and-control capabilities allowing them to serve as fleet flagships.

In August 2013, A launching ceremony for Japan's largest military ship since World War II was held in Yokohama on Tuesday, 6 August. The 820-foot-long, 19,500 tons (27,000 tons full load) flattop destroyer Izumo was deployed in 2015.[4]

Netherlands

Retired:

  • Hr.Ms. Karel Doorman (ex-British HMS Venerable, purchased 1948) – Sold to Argentina 1968 and renamed ARA Veinticinco de Mayo, broken up
  • Hr.Ms. Karel Doorman (ex-British HMS Nairana, transferred to Dutch service 1946) – Converted to merchantman and renamed Port Victor, Until March 1968, owned by Cunard Line but managed by Blue Star Port Lines. Eventually owned by Port Line, July 21, 1971, sent to Faslane to be scrapped

Russia

The Russian Navy was established in December 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, most Soviet aircraft carriers were transferred over to Russia.

Active:

Retired:

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union was dissolved in December 1991, most Soviet aircraft carriers were transferred to Russia, with the exception of Varyag which was transferred to Ukraine. Ulyanovsk was scrapped before the Soviet Union was dissolved.

In service at the end of Soviet state:

Never completed:

Spain

Active:

  • Juan Carlos I : 27,079 tonne STOVL carrier in active service, commissioned 30 September 2010.

Retired:

Never completed:

Thailand

Active:

  • HTMS Chakri Naruebet (1996)* Commissioned in 1997 but by 1999, only one used AV-8S Matador/Harrier was still operable due to lack of spare parts and age.[6]

Ukraine

Never completed:

United Kingdom

Under construction:

Sunk:

  • Glorious class
  • HMS Eagle (1918), sunk by U-73 11 August 1942
  • HMS Hermes (1923) – first purpose-designed aircraft carrier, sunk by Japanese aircraft 9 April 1942
  • HMS Ark Royal (1938), sunk 14 November 1941 after being torpedoed by U-81 on 13 November 1941

Retired:

Never completed:

  • Audacious class
    • Eagle – cancelled
    • Africa – to Malta class then cancelled
  • Centaur class
    • Hermes – cancelled
    • Arrogant – cancelled
    • Monmouth – cancelled
    • Polyphemus – cancelled
  • Malta class – cancelled 1946
    • Malta
    • New Zealand
    • Gibraltar
    • Africa
  • CVA-01 – cancelled 1966
    • Queen Elizabeth
    • Duke of Edinburgh

United States

See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/09/25/china-unveils-first-aircraft-carrier-to-enter-service/
  2. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/aug/1/china-begins-to-build-its-own-aircraft-carrier/?page=all
  3. ^ http://idrw.org/?p=44119
  4. ^ ["http://www.indiastrategic.in/topstories2078_Indian_Navy_to_launch_indigenous_aircraft_carrier_Aug_12.htm" "http://www.indiastrategic.in/topstories2078_Indian_Navy_to_launch_indigenous_aircraft_carrier_Aug_12.htm"] . 
  5. ^ Busquets, C.; Campanera, A.; Coello, J.L. (1994). Los portaaviones españoles (in Spanish). Agualarga Editores.  
  6. ^ Carpenter & Wiencek, Asian Security Handbook 2000, p. 302.

References

  • Busquets, C.; Campanera, A. y Coello,J.L. (1994). Los portaaviones españoles (in Spanish). Agualarga Editores.  
  • "World Aircraft Carrier Lists". Haze Gray & Underway. 

Further reading

  • Warrilow, Betty. Nabob, the first Canadian-manned aircraft carrier Owen Sound, Ont. : Escort Carriers Association, 1989.
  • Chesneau, Roger. Aircraft Carriers of the World, 1914 to the Present. An Illustrated Encyclopedia Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-902-2
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