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List of canceled nuclear plants in the United States

This is a list of canceled nuclear plants in the United States.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Canceled nuclear plants and units 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The late 1960s and early 1970s saw a rapid growth in the development of nuclear power in the United States. By 1976, however, many nuclear plant proposals were no longer viable due to a slower rate of growth in electricity demand, significant cost and time overruns, and more complex regulatory requirements. Also, there was considerable public opposition to nuclear power in the USA by this time, which contributed to delays in licensing planned nuclear power stations, and further increased costs.[1]

By the end of the 1970s it became clear that nuclear power would not grow nearly as dramatically as once believed. This was particularly galvanized by the Three Mile Island accident in 1979. Eventually, more than 120 reactor orders were ultimately canceled[2] and the construction of new reactors ground to a halt. Al Gore has commented on the historical record and reliability of nuclear power in the United States:

Of the 253 nuclear power reactors originally ordered in the United States from 1953 to 2008, 48 percent were canceled, 11 percent were prematurely shut down, 14 percent experienced at least a one-year-or-more outage, and 27 percent are operating without having a year-plus outage. Thus, only about one fourth of those ordered, or about half of those completed, are still operating and have proved relatively reliable.[3]

A cover story in the February 11, 1985, issue of Forbes magazine commented on the overall management of the nuclear power program in the United States:

The failure of the U.S. nuclear power program ranks as the largest managerial disaster in business history, a disaster on a monumental scale … only the blind, or the biased, can now think that the money has been well spent. It is a defeat for the U.S. consumer and for the competitiveness of U.S. industry, for the utilities that undertook the program and for the private enterprise system that made it possible.[4]

During the 2000s, aging infrastructure, growing power use and fears of global climate change all prompted what was then called the "nuclear renaissance". Engineering companies noted that the commissioning process was a major barrier to further construction, and changes to the system were carried out by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, along with new tax incentives and loan guarantees. As many as 30 new reactors were planned by 2009.[5]

As of 2013, only five new reactors are under construction, two at Vogtle, two at Summer, and one at Watts Bar. All of these projects have announced delays and budget overruns. All of the other new builds and the equally extensive list of upgrades to existing reactors have been shelved. The majority of this change in fortunes is due to the rapidly falling prices of natural gas.[5]

Canceled nuclear plants and units

Name[n 1] Unit Reactor type Status Location Net
capacity
in MW
Gross
capacity
in MW
Contract
year
Construct-
ion
started
Project
close
Allens Creek 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan TX 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1982-09-01
Allens Creek 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan TX 1,160 1,207 1973 - 1976-09-01
Atlantic 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NJ 1,150 1,212 1972 - 1978-12-01
Atlantic 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NJ 1,150 1,212 1972 - 1978-12-01
Bailly 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan IN 660 686 1967 1974-01-01 1981-08-01
Barton 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan AL 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan AL 1,209 1,254 1972 - 1977-11-01
Barton 3 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan AL 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Barton 4 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan AL 1,209 1,254 1974 - 1975-11-01
Bellefonte 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction AL 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Bellefonte 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction AL 1,235 1,263 1970 1974-09-01 1988-01-01
Black Fox 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction OK 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Black Fox 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction OK 1,150 1,226 1973 1978-07-01 1982-02-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan TX 930 957 1973 - 1978-08-01
Blue Hills (formerly Sunken Log) 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan TX 930 957 1974 - 1978-08-01
Bodega Bay Canceled Construction CA 1964
Callaway 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction MO 1,120 1,176 1973 1975-10-01 1981-10-01
Carroll County 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan IL 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Carroll County 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan IL 1,120 1,150 1978 - 1988-12-01
Cherokee 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction SC 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1983-04-01
Cherokee 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction SC 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Cherokee 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction SC 1,280 1,343 1973 1976-06-01 1982-11-01
Clinch River - Fast breeder Canceled Plan TN 350 380 1973 - 1983-11-01
Clinton 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction IL 933 985 1973 1975-10-01 1983-10-01
Clinch River - Fast breeder Canceled Plan TN 350 380 1973 - 1983-11-01
Levy County 1 & 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan FL 1117 2008 - 2013-08-01
Davis Besse 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan OH 910 960 1973 - 1980-01-01
Douglas Point (US) 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan MD 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1980-05-01
Douglas Point (US) 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan MD 1,178 1,206 1972 - 1978-01-01
Erie 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan OH 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Erie 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan OH 1,260 1,300 1976 - 1980-01-01
Floating 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan FL 1,150 1,211 - - 1979-01-01
Fort Calhoun 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NE 1,136 1,182 1972 - 1977-02-01
Fulton 1 HTGR Canceled Plan PA 1,160 1,200 - - 1976-03-01
Fulton 2 HTGR Canceled Plan PA 1,160 1,200 - - 1976-03-01
Greene County - Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NY 1,191 1,277 - - 1979-04-01
Greenwood 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan MI 1,208 1,268 - - 1980-03-01
Greenwood 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan MI 1,208 1,268 - - 1980-03-01
Columbia (WPPSS-1) 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction WA 1,259 1,339 1972 1975-08-01 1983-01-01
Columbia (WPPSS-4) 4 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction WA 1,250 1,340 1974 1975-08-01 1982-01-01
Hartsville A1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction TN 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville A2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction TN 1,233 1,269 1972 1976-04-01 1984-08-01
Hartsville B1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction TN 1,233 1,269 - 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Hartsville B2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction TN 1,233 1,269 - 1976-04-01 1982-08-01
Haven 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan WI 900 960 - - 1980-02-01
Haven 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan WI 900 960 - - 1978-05-01
Hope Creek 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction NJ 1,067 1,118 1969 1976-03-01 1981-12-01
Jamesport 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NY 1,150 1,182 - - 1980-01-01
Jamesport 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NY 1,150 1,182 - - 1980-01-01
Marble Hill 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction IN 1,030 1,090 - 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Marble Hill 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction IN 1,130 1,190 - 1977-07-01 1984-01-01
Midland 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction MI 491 526 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Midland 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction MI 816 855 1968 1973-03-01 1986-07-01
Montague 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plant MA 1,150 1,298 - - 1980-12-01
Montague 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan MA 1,150 1,298 - - 1980-12-01
NEP 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan RI 1,150 1,194 - - 1980-01-01
Nep 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan RI 1,150 1,194 - - 1980-01-01
North Coast (formerly Aguirre) 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan PR 583 614 - - 1978-12-01
North Anna 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction VA 907 950 1971 1971-06-01 1982-11-01
North Anna 4 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction VA 907 950 1971 1971-12-01 1980-11-01
Pebble Springs 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan OR 1,260 1,314 - - 1982-09-01
Pebble Springs 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled plan OR 1,260 1,314 - - 1982-09-01
Perkins 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NC 1,287 1,345 - - 1982-02-01
Perkins 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NC 1,287 1,345 - - 1982-02-01
Perkins 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NC 1,287 1,345 - - 1982-02-01
Perry 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction OH 1,205 - - 1974-10-01 1984-04-01
Phipps Bend 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction TN 1,233 1,269 - 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Phipps Bend 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction TN 1,233 1,269 - 1977-10-01 1982-08-01
Pilgrim 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan MA 1,180 1,240 - - 1981-09-01
River Bend 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction LA 934 991 1972 1975-08-01 1984-01-01
Satsop (WPPSS-3) 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction WA 1,240 1,324 1973 1977-04-01 1983-01-01
Satsop (WPPSS-5) 5 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction WA 1,240 1,316 1974 1977-04-01 1982-01-01
Seabrook 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction NH 1,149 1,199 1972 1976-07-01 1988-01-01
Sears Isle 1 ME 1977
Shearon Harris 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction NC 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction NC 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01 (2013)
Shearon Harris 4 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction NC 900 960 1971 1978-01-01 1983-12-01
Skagit 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan WA 1,275 1,335 - - 1983-08-01
Skagit 2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan WA 1,275 1,335 - - 1983-08-01
Somerset 1 NY
Somerset 2 NY
South River 1 NJ
South River 2 NJ
South River 3 NJ
Stanislaus 1 CA
Stanislaus 2 CA
Sterling 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NY 1,150 1,185 - - 1980-01-01
Sterling 3 & 4 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan NY 1,117 2008 - 1980-01-01
Sundesert 1 CA
Sundesert 2 CA
Surry 3 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction VA 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Surry 4 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction VA 859 919 1972 1974-01-01 1977-03-01
Tyrone 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Plan WI 1,150 1,188 - - 1979-07-01
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-4)
1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan NY 1,100 1,115 - - 1975
Verplanck
(formerly Indian Point-5)
2 Boiling water reactor Canceled Plan NY 1,100 1,115 - - 1975
Yellow Creek 1 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction MS 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Yellow Creek 2 Pressurized water reactor Canceled Construction MS 1,285 1,339 1974 1978-02-01 1984-08-30
Zimmer 1 Boiling water reactor Canceled Construction OH 810 840 - 1972-10-01 1984-01-01

See also

Notes

  1. ^
    Canceled Reactors
    Midland 1
    Midland 2
    Hope Creek 2
    Zimmer 1
    Norco 1
    Shearon Harris 2
    Shearon Harris 3
    Shearon Harris 4
    North Anna 3
    North Anna 4
    Surry 3
    Surry 4
    Floating 1
    Bellefonte 1
    Bellefonte 2
    Perry 2
    Seabrook 2
    Douglas Point 1
    Douglas Point 2
    Greenwood 2
    Greenwood 3
    River Bend 2
    WPPSS 1 (Hanford)
    Clinton 2
    Fulton 1
    Fulton 2
    Allens Creek 1
    Allens Creek 2
    Pilgrim 2
    Atlantic 1
    Atlantic 2
    Tyrone 1
    Sterling 1
    Callaway 2
    Perkins 1
    Perkins 2
    Perkins 3
    Cherokee 1
    Cherokee 2
    Cherokee 3
    Montague 1
    Montague 2
    Davis Besse 2
    Davis Besse 3
    Heaven 1
    Heaven 2
    WPPSS 3 (Satsop)
    WPPSS 5 (Satsop)
    Blue Hills 1
    Blue Hills 2
    WPPSS 4 (Hanford)
    Pebble Springs 1
    Pebble Springs 2
    James Port 1
    James Port 2
    Hartsville A1
    Hartsville A2
    Hartsville B1
    Hartsville B2
    Skagit 1
    Skagit 2
    Barton 1
    Barton 2
    Barton 3
    Barton 4
    Clinch River
    Marbel Hill 1
    Marbel Hill 2
    Fort Calhoun 2
    Greene County
    Phipps Bend 1
    Phipps Bend 2
    Black Fox 1
    Black Fox 2
    Yellow Creek 1
    Yellow Creek 2
    Nep 1
    Nep 2
    Erie 1
    Erie 2

References

  1. ^ Nuclear power: Futures, Costs, and Benefits p. 16.
  2. ^ Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors p. 3.
  3. ^ Al Gore (2009). Our Choice, Bloomsbury, p. 157.
  4. ^ "Nuclear Follies", a February 11, 1985 cover story in Forbes magazine.
  5. ^ a b J. Matthew Roney, "US Nuclear Power In Decline", Earth Policy Institute, 10 September 2013

External links

  • Canceled Nuclear Units Ordered in the United States
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