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List of countries and territories by land and maritime borders

 

List of countries and territories by land and maritime borders

This is a list of countries and territories by land and maritime borders. For each country or territory, the number and identity of other countries and territories that neighbor it are listed. Land borders and maritime boundaries are included and are tabulated separately and in combination. For purposes of this list, "maritime boundary" includes boundaries that are recognized by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which includes boundaries of territorial waters, contiguous zones, and exclusive economic zones. However, it does not include lake or river boundaries, which are considered land boundaries.

Also included is the number of unique sovereign states[1] that a country or territory shares as neighbors. If the number is higher due to multiple dependencies or unrecognized states bordering the state, the larger number is shown in brackets.

Footnotes are provided to provide clarity regarding the status of certain countries and territories.

Country or territory
(Territories without full sovereignty[1] in italics)
No. of land border neighbours[2] No. of maritime boundary neighbours[2] Total no. of unique neighbours[2] Neighboring countries and territories
(Territories without full sovereignty[1] in italics)
(L) = share only land borders
(M) = share only maritime boundaries
blank = share land borders and maritime boundaries
 Abkhazia[3] 2 4 4  Georgia
 Russia
 Turkey (M)
 Ukraine (M)
Adélie Land[4][5] (France) 1 1 1 Australian Antarctic Territory[4] (Australia)
 Afghanistan 6 0 6  China (L)
 Iran (L)
 Pakistan (L)
 Tajikistan (L)
 Turkmenistan (L)
 Uzbekistan (L)[note]
Akrotiri and Dhekelia[6] (United Kingdom) 1 (2) 3 3 (4)  Cyprus
 Egypt (M)
 Lebanon (M)
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (L)
 Albania 4 4 6  Croatia (M)
 Greece
 Italy (M)
 Republic of Macedonia (L)
 Montenegro
 Serbia (L)
 Kosovo[7] (L)
Borders Kosovo, which some countries consider to be part of Serbia
 Algeria 6 (7) 4 8 (9)  Italy (M)
 Libya (L)
 Mali (L)
 Mauritania (L)
 Morocco
 Niger (L)
 Spain (M)
 Tunisia
 Western Sahara[8] (L)
 American Samoa[9] (United States) 0 3 (5) 3 (5)  Samoa (M)
 Tonga (M)
 Cook Islands[10](New Zealand)(M)
 Niue[11](New Zealand)(M)
 Tokelau[12](New Zealand) (M)
Amsterdam Island and Île Saint-Paul[5] (France) 0 0 0
 Andorra 2 0 2  France (L)
 Spain (L)
 Angola 4 3 4  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Republic of the Congo
 Namibia
 Zambia (L)
 Anguilla[6] (United Kingdom) 0 4 4  Antigua and Barbuda (M)
 Netherlands (M)
Saint Martin[13](France)(M)
 United States Virgin Islands[9](United States)(M)
 Antártica Chilena Province[4] (Chile) 2 3 3  Argentine Antarctica[4][14](Argentina)
 British Antarctic Territory[4][14](United Kingdom)
Peter I Island[4](Norway) (M)
 Antigua and Barbuda 0 3 (5) 3 (5)  France (M)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (M)
 Anguilla[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Montserrat[6](United Kingdom) (M)
Saint Barthélemy[13](France) (M)
 Argentina 5 3 6  Bolivia (L)
 Brazil (L)
 Chile
 Paraguay (L)
 Uruguay
 Falkland Islands[6][15](United Kingdom) (M)
 Argentine Antarctica[4] (Argentina) 2 2 2  Antártica Chilena Province[4][14] (Chile)
 British Antarctic Territory[4][14] (United Kingdom)
 Armenia 4 (5) 0 4 (5)  Azerbaijan (L)
 Georgia (L)
 Iran (L)
 Turkey (L)
 Nagorno-Karabakh (L)
 Aruba[16] (Netherlands) 0 2 2  Dominican Republic (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands[17] (Australia) 0 1 1  Indonesia (M)
 Australia
→includes:
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands
 Christmas Island
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Macquarie Island
 Norfolk Island
0 6 (7) 6 (7)  East Timor (M)
 Indonesia (M)
 New Zealand (M)
 Papua New Guinea (M)
 Solomon Islands (M)
Kerguelen Islands[5](France) (M)
 New Caledonia[18](France) (M)
Australia (excluding outlying islands) 0 6 6  East Timor (M)
 Indonesia (M)
 New Zealand (M)
 Papua New Guinea (M)
 Solomon Islands (M)
 New Caledonia[18](France) (M)
Australian Antarctic Territory[4] (Australia) 3 3 3 Adélie Land[4](France)
Queen Maud Land[4](Norway)
Ross Dependency[4](New Zealand)
 Austria 8 0 8  Czech Republic (L)
 Germany (L)
 Hungary (L)
 Italy (L)
 Liechtenstein (L)
 Slovakia (L)
 Slovenia (L)
  Switzerland (L)
 Azerbaijan 5 (6) 3 6 (7)  Armenia (L)
 Georgia (L)
 Iran[19]
 Nagorno-Karabakh (L)
 Russia[19]
 Turkey (L)
 Turkmenistan (M)[19]
 Bahamas 0 4 4  Cuba (M)
 Haiti (M)
 United States (M)
 Turks and Caicos Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Bahrain 0 3 3  Iran (M)
 Qatar (M)
 Saudi Arabia (M)
Baker Island[9] (United States) 0 1 1  Kiribati (M)
 Bangladesh 2 2 2  Burma
 India
 Barbados 0 5 6  France (M)
 Guyana (M)
 Saint Lucia (M)
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (M)
 Trinidad and Tobago (M)
 Venezuela (M)[20]
Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island[5][21] (France) 0 2 2  Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Belarus 5 0 5  Latvia (L)
 Lithuania (L)
 Poland (L)
 Russia (L)
 Ukraine (L)
 Belgium 4 3 5  France
 Germany (L)
 Luxembourg (L)
 Netherlands
 United Kingdom (M)
 Belize 2 3 3  Guatemala
 Honduras (M)
 Mexico
 Benin 4 3 5  Burkina Faso (L)
 Ghana (M)
 Niger (L)
 Nigeria
 Togo
 Bermuda[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Bhutan 2 0 2  China (L)
 India (L)
 Bolivia 5 0 5  Argentina (L)
 Brazil (L)
 Chile (L)
 Paraguay (L)
 Peru (L)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 1 3  Croatia
 Montenegro (L)
 Serbia (L)
 Botswana 4 0 4  Namibia (L)
 South Africa (L)
 Zambia (L)
 Zimbabwe (L)
 Bouvet Island[22] 0 0 0
 Brazil 10 2 10  Argentina (L)
 Bolivia (L)
 Colombia (L)
 France
 Guyana (L)
 Paraguay (L)
 Peru (L)
 Suriname (L)
 Uruguay
 Venezuela (L)
 British Antarctic Territory[4] (United Kingdom) 3 3 3  Antártica Chilena Province[4][14](Chile)
 Argentine Antarctica[4][14](Argentina)
Queen Maud Land[4](Norway)
 British Indian Ocean Territory[6] (United Kingdom) 0 1 1  Maldives (M)
 British Virgin Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 2 (1) 2 (1)  Puerto Rico[9](United States) (M)
 United States Virgin Islands[9](United States) (M)
 Brunei 1 1 1  Malaysia
 Bulgaria 5 2 5  Greece (L)
 Republic of Macedonia (L)
 Romania
 Serbia (L)
 Turkey
 Burkina Faso 6 0 6  Benin (L)
 Côte d'Ivoire (L)
 Ghana (L)
 Mali (L)
 Niger (L)
 Togo (L)
 Burma 5 3 5  Bangladesh
 China (L)
 India
 Laos (L)
 Thailand
 Burundi 3 0 3  Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Rwanda (L)
 Tanzania (L)
 Cambodia 3 2 3  Laos (L)
 Thailand
 Vietnam
 Cameroon 6 2 6  Central African Republic (L)
 Chad (L)
 Republic of the Congo (L)
 Equatorial Guinea
 Gabon (L)
 Nigeria
 Canada 1 3 3  United States
 Greenland[23](Denmark) (M)
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon[13](France) (M)
 Cape Verde 0 3 3  The Gambia (M)
 Mauritania (M)
 Senegal (M)
 Cayman Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 4 4  Colombia (M)
 Cuba (M)
 Honduras (M)
 Jamaica (M)
 Central African Republic 6 0 6  Cameroon (L)
 Chad (L)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Republic of the Congo (L)
 South Sudan (L)
 Sudan (L)
 Chad 6 0 6  Cameroon (L)
 Central African Republic (L)
 Libya (L)
 Niger (L)
 Nigeria (L)
 Sudan (L)
 Chile 3 2 3  Argentina
 Bolivia (L)
 Peru
 China[24] 14 (16) 5 (8) 17 (20)  Afghanistan (L)
 Bhutan (L)
 Burma (L)
 India (L)
 Japan (M)
 Kazakhstan (L)
 North Korea
 South Korea (M)
 Kyrgyzstan (L)
 Laos (L)
 Mongolia (L)
   Nepal (L)
 Pakistan (L)
 Philippines (M)
 Russia (L)
 Tajikistan (L)
 Vietnam
 Hong Kong(China)[25]
 Macau(China)[26]
 Taiwan (M)
 Christmas Island[17] (Australia) 0 1 1  Indonesia (M)
 Clipperton Island[27] (France) 0 0 0
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands[17] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Colombia 5 10 12  Brazil (L)
 Costa Rica (M)
 Dominican Republic (M)
 Ecuador
 Haiti (M)
 Honduras (M)
 Jamaica (M)
 Nicaragua (M)
 Panama
 Peru (L)
 Venezuela
 Cayman Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Comoros 0 5 (7) 5 (7)  France (M)
 Madagascar (M)
 Mozambique (M)
 Seychelles (M)
 Tanzania (M)
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[5][28](France) (M)
 Mayotte[13](France) (M)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 9 1 9  Angola
 Burundi (L)
 Central African Republic (L)
 Republic of the Congo (L)
 Rwanda (L)
 South Sudan (L)
 Tanzania (L)
 Uganda (L)
 Zambia (L)
 Republic of the Congo 5 2 5  Angola
 Cameroon (L)
 Central African Republic (L)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Gabon
 Cook Islands[10] (New Zealand) 0 3 (5) 3 (5)  Kiribati (M)
 American Samoa[9](United States) (M)
 French Polynesia[13](France) (M)
 Niue[11](New Zealand) (M)
 Tokelau[12](New Zealand) (M)
 Costa Rica 2 4 4  Colombia (M)
 Ecuador (M)
 Nicaragua
 Panama
 Côte d'Ivoire 5 2 5  Burkina Faso (L)
 Ghana
 Guinea (L)
 Liberia
 Mali (L)
 Croatia 5 4 6  Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Hungary (L)
 Italy (M)
 Montenegro
 Serbia (L)
 Slovenia
Crozet Islands[5] (France) 0 0 0
 Cuba 0 7 (8) 7 (8)  Bahamas (M)
 Haiti (M)
 Honduras (M)
 Jamaica (M)
 Mexico (M)
 United States (M)
 Cayman Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Navassa Island[9][29](United States) (M)
 Curaçao[16] (Netherlands) 0 2 2  Dominican Republic (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Cyprus 1 7 (8) 7 (8)  Egypt (M)
 Greece (M)
 Israel (M)
 Lebanon (M)
 Syria (M)
 Turkey (M)
Akrotiri and Dhekelia[6](United Kingdom)
 Northern Cyprus[30]
 Northern Cyprus[30] 2 4 4  Cyprus
 Syria (M)
 Turkey (M)
Akrotiri and Dhekelia[6](United Kingdom)
 Czech Republic 4 0 4  Austria (L)
 Germany (L)
 Poland (L)
 Slovakia (L)
 Denmark[31] 1 6 6  Germany
 Norway (M)
 Poland (M)
 Sweden (M)
 United Kingdom (M)
Denmark, Kingdom of
→includes:
 Denmark
 Faroe Islands
 Greenland
1 8 (9) 8 (9)  Canada (M)
 Germany
 Iceland (M)
 Norway (M)
 Poland (M)
 Sweden (M)
 United Kingdom (M)
 Svalbard (Norway) (M)
 Djibouti 3 3 4  Eritrea
 Ethiopia (L)
 Somalia
 Yemen (M)
 Somaliland
Djibouti borders Somaliland, who is considered by the international community to be part of Somalia
 Dominica 0 2 2  France (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Dominican Republic 1 6 (7) 6 (7)  Colombia (M)
 Haiti
 Venezuela (M)
 Aruba[16](Netherlands) (M)
 Curaçao[16](Netherlands) (M)
 Puerto Rico[9](United States) (M)
 Turks and Caicos Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 East Timor 1 2 2  Australia (M)
 Indonesia
 Ecuador 2 3 3  Colombia
 Costa Rica (M)
 Peru
 Egypt 4 9 (10) 9 (10)  Cyprus (M)
 Greece (M)
 Israel
 Jordan (M)
 Libya
 Saudi Arabia (M)
 Sudan
 Turkey (M)
Akrotiri and Dhekelia[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories)[32]
 El Salvador 2 3 3  Guatemala
 Honduras
 Nicaragua (M)
 Equatorial Guinea 2 4 4  Cameroon
 Gabon
 Nigeria (M)
 São Tomé and Príncipe (M)
 Eritrea 3 4 5  Djibouti
 Saudi Arabia (M)
 Sudan
 Ethiopia (L)
 Yemen (M)
 Estonia 2 4 4  Finland (M)
 Latvia
 Russia
 Sweden (M)
 Ethiopia 6 (7) 0 6 (7)  Djibouti (L)
 Eritrea (L)
 Kenya (L)
 Somalia (L)
 South Sudan (L)
 Sudan (L)
 Somaliland (L)
Europa Island, Bassas da India, and Juan de Nova Island[5][21] (France) 0 2 2  Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Falkland Islands[6][15] (United Kingdom) 0 1 1  Argentina (M)
 Faroe Islands[23] (Denmark) 0 3 3  Iceland (M)
 Norway (M)
 United Kingdom (M)
 Fiji 0 5 (6) 5 (6)  New Zealand (M)
 Tonga (M)
 Tuvalu (M)
 Vanuatu (M)
 New Caledonia[18](France) (M)
 Wallis and Futuna[13](France) (M)
 Finland 3 3 4  Estonia (M)
 Norway (L)
 Russia
 Sweden
 France[33] 10 16 (19) 20 (23)  Andorra (L)
 Antigua and Barbuda (M)
 Barbados (M)
 Belgium
 Brazil
 Comoros (M)
 Dominica (M)
 Germany (L)
 Italy
 Luxembourg (L)
 Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Mozambique (M)
 Monaco
 Saint Lucia (M)
 Spain
  Switzerland (L)
 Suriname
 United Kingdom (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Guernsey[34](United Kingdom) (M)
 Jersey[34](United Kingdom) (M)
 Montserrat[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 France (including French collectivities and territories)
→includes:
 Clipperton Island
 French Polynesia
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[35]
 Mayotte
 New Caledonia
 Saint Barthélemy
Saint Martin
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 Wallis and Futuna
11 30 (39) 34 (43)  Andorra (L)
 Antigua and Barbuda (M)
 Australia (M)
 Barbados (M)
 Belgium
 Brazil
 Canada (M)
 Comoros (M)
 Dominica (M)
 Fiji (M)
 Germany (L)
 Italy
 Kiribati (M)
 Luxembourg (L)
 Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Monaco
 Mozambique (M)
 Netherlands (M)
 Papua New Guinea (M)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (M)
 Saint Lucia (M)
 Samoa (M)
 Seychelles (M)
 Solomon Islands (M)
 Spain
 Suriname
  Switzerland (L)
 Tonga (M)
 Tuvalu (M)
 United Kingdom (M)
 Vanuatu (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Anguilla[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Cook Islands[10](New Zealand) (M)
 Guernsey[34](United Kingdom) (M)
Heard Island and McDonald Islands[17](Australia) (M)
 Jersey[34](United Kingdom) (M)
 Montserrat[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Sint Maarten[16](Netherlands)
 Norfolk Island[17](Australia) (M)
 Pitcairn Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Tokelau[12](New Zealand) (M)
 French Polynesia[13] (France) 0 3 3  Kiribati (M)
 Cook Islands[10](New Zealand) (M)
 Pitcairn Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Excluding Adélie Land[35][36] (France) 0 6 6  Comoros (M)
 Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Mozambique (M)
 Seychelles (M)
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands[17](Australia) (M)
 Gabon 3 3 4  Cameroon (L)
 Republic of the Congo
 Equatorial Guinea
 São Tomé and Príncipe (M)
 The Gambia 1 2 2  Cape Verde (M)
 Senegal
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories)[32] 2 2 2  Egypt
 Israel
 Georgia 4 (6) 3 (4) 5 (7)  Armenia (L)
 Azerbaijan (L)
 Russia
 Turkey
 Ukraine (M)
 Abkhazia
 South Ossetia (L)
 Germany 9 5 11  Austria (L)
 Belgium (L)
 Czech Republic (L)
 Denmark
 France (L)
 Luxembourg (L)
 Netherlands
 Poland
 Sweden (M)
  Switzerland (L)
 United Kingdom (M)
 Ghana 3 4 5  Benin (M)
 Burkina Faso (L)
 Côte d'Ivoire
 Nigeria (M)
 Togo
 Gibraltar[6] (United Kingdom) 1 2 2  Morocco (M)
 Spain
Glorioso Islands[5][28] (France) 0 3 3  Comoros (M)
 Madagascar (M)
 Seychelles (M)
 Greece 4 6 8  Albania
 Bulgaria (L)
 Cyprus (M)
 Egypt (M)
 Italy (M)
 Libya (M)
 Republic of Macedonia (L)
 Turkey
 Greenland[23] (Denmark) 0 3 (4) 3 (4)  Canada (M)
 Iceland (M)
 Norway (M)
 Svalbard[22](Norway) (M)
 Grenada 0 2 2  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (M)
 Trinidad and Tobago (M)
 Guam[9] (United States) 0 1 1  Federated States of Micronesia (M)
 Guatemala 4 4 4  Belize
 El Salvador
 Honduras
 Mexico
 Guernsey[34] (United Kingdom) 0 1 (2) 1 (2)  France (M)
 Jersey[34] (United Kingdom) (M)
 Guinea 6 2 6  Côte d'Ivoire (L)
 Guinea-Bissau
 Liberia (L)
 Mali (L)
 Senegal (L)
 Sierra Leone
 Guinea-Bissau 2 2 2  Guinea
 Senegal
 Guyana 3 4 5  Barbados (M)[20][37]
 Brazil (L)
 Suriname
 Trinidad and Tobago (M)
 Venezuela[20]
 Haiti 1 7 7  Bahamas (M)
 Colombia (M)
 Cuba (M)
 Dominican Republic
 Jamaica (M)
 Navassa Island[9][29](United States) (M)
 Turks and Caicos Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands[17] (Australia) 0 1 1 Kerguelen Islands[5](France) (M)
 Honduras 3 8 8  Belize (M)
 Colombia (M)
 Cuba (M)
 El Salvador
 Guatemala
 Mexico (M)
 Nicaragua
 Cayman Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Hong Kong[25] (People's Republic of China) 0 0 0
Howland Island[9] 0 1 1  Kiribati (M)
 Hungary 7 0 7  Austria (L)
 Croatia (L)
 Romania (L)
 Serbia (L)
 Slovakia (L)
 Slovenia (L)
 Ukraine (L)
 Iceland 0 3 (2) 3 (2)  Faroe Islands[23] (Denmark) (M)
 Greenland[23] (Denmark) (M)
 Jan Mayen[22] (Norway) (M)
Île Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Island[5] (France) 0 0 0
 India
7 7 11  Bangladesh
 Bhutan (L)
 Burma
 China (L)
 Indonesia (M)
 Maldives (M)
   Nepal (L)
 Pakistan
 Sri Lanka (M)
 Thailand (M)
 Indonesia 3 10 (12) 10 (12)  Australia (M)
 East Timor
 India (M)
 Malaysia
 Palau (M)
 Papua New Guinea
 Philippines (M)
 Singapore (M)
 Thailand (M)
 Vietnam (M)
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands[17](Australia) (M)
 Christmas Island[17](Australia) (M)
 Iran 7 (8) 10 13 (14)  Afghanistan (L)
 Armenia (L)
 Azerbaijan[19]
 Bahrain (M)
 Iraq
 Kuwait (M)
 Nagorno-Karabakh (L)
 Oman (M)
 Pakistan
 Qatar (M)
 Saudi Arabia (M)
 Turkey (L)
 Turkmenistan[19]
 United Arab Emirates (M)
 Iraq 6 2 6  Iran
 Jordan (L)
 Kuwait
 Saudi Arabia (L)
 Syria (L)
 Turkey (L)
 Ireland 1 1 1  United Kingdom
 Isle of Man[34] (United Kingdom) 0 0[38] 0[38]
 Israel 4 (6) 4 (5) 5 (7)  Cyprus (M)
 Egypt
 Jordan
 Lebanon
 Syria (L)
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories)[32]
 West Bank (Palestinian territories)[32] (L)
 Italy 6 11 15  Albania (M)
 Algeria (M)
 Austria (L)
 Croatia (M)
 France
 Greece (M)
 Libya (M)
 Malta (M)
 Montenegro (M)
 San Marino (L)
 Slovenia
 Spain (M)
  Switzerland (L)
 Tunisia (M)
  Vatican City (L)
 Jamaica 0 5 5  Colombia (M)
 Cuba (M)
 Haiti (M)
 Cayman Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Navassa Island[9][29](United States) (M)
 Japan 0 6 (7) 6 (7)  China (M)
 North Korea (M)
 South Korea (M)
 Philippines (M)
 Russia (M)
 Northern Mariana Islands[9](United States) (M)
 Taiwan (M)
 Jarvis Island[9] (United States) 0 1 1  Kiribati (M)
 Jersey[34] 0 1 (2) 1 (2)  France (M)
 Guernsey[34](United Kingdom) (M)
 Johnston Atoll[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Jordan 4 (5) 3 5 (6)  Egypt (M)
 Iraq (L)
 Israel
 Saudi Arabia
 Syria (L)
 West Bank (Palestinian territories)[32] (L)
Juan de Nova Island, Bassas da India, and Europa Island[5][21] (France) 0 2 2  Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Kazakhstan 5 2[19] 5  China (L)
 Kyrgyzstan (L)
 Russia[19]
 Turkmenistan[19]
 Uzbekistan (L)
 Kenya 5 2 5  Ethiopia (L)
 Somalia
 South Sudan (L)
 Tanzania
 Uganda (L)
Kerguelen Islands[5] (France) 0 1 1  Heard Island and McDonald Islands[17](Australia) (M)
 Kingman Reef[9] 0 1 1  Kiribati (M)
 Kiribati 0 6 (9) 6 (9)  Marshall Islands (M)
 Nauru (M)
 Tuvalu (M)
 Cook Islands[10](New Zealand) (M)
 French Polynesia[13](France) (M)
Howland Island[9](United States) (M)
 Jarvis Island[9](United States) (M)
 Kingman Reef(United States) (M)
 Tokelau[12](New Zealand) (M)
 North Korea 3 4 4  China
 Japan (M)
 South Korea
 Russia
 South Korea 1 3 3  China (M)
 Japan (M)
 North Korea
 Kosovo[7] 4 0 4  Albania (L)
 Republic of Macedonia (L)
 Montenegro (L)
 Serbia (L)
 Kuwait 2 3 3  Iran (M)
 Iraq
 Saudi Arabia
 Kyrgyzstan 4 0 4  China (L)
 Kazakhstan (L)
 Tajikistan (L)
 Uzbekistan (L)
 Laos 5 0 5  Burma (L)
 Cambodia (L)
 China (L)
 Thailand (L)
 Vietnam (L)
 Latvia 4 3 5  Belarus (L)
 Estonia
 Lithuania
 Russia (L)
 Sweden (M)
 Lebanon 2 4 4  Cyprus (M)
 Israel
 Syria
Akrotiri and Dhekelia[6] (United Kingdom) (M)
 Lesotho 1 0 1  South Africa (L)
 Liberia 3 2 3  Côte d'Ivoire
 Guinea (L)
 Sierra Leone
 Libya 6 5 9  Algeria (L)
 Chad (L)
 Egypt
 Greece (M)
 Italy (M)
 Malta (M)
 Niger (L)
 Sudan (L)
 Tunisia
 Liechtenstein 2 0 2  Austria (L)
  Switzerland (L)
 Lithuania 4 4 5  Belarus (L)
 Latvia
 Poland
 Russia
 Sweden (M)
 Luxembourg 3 0 3  Belgium (L)
 France (L)
 Germany (L)
 Macau[26] (People's Republic of China) 0 0 0
 Republic of Macedonia 4 (5) 0 4 (5)  Albania (L)
 Bulgaria (L)
 Greece (L)
 Serbia (L)
 Kosovo[7] (L)
 Madagascar 0 4 (6) 4 (6)  Comoros (M)
 France (M)
 Mozambique (M)
 Seychelles (M)
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[36][39](France) (M)
 Mayotte[13](France) (M)
 Malawi 3 0 3  Mozambique (L)
 Tanzania (L)
 Zambia (L)
 Malaysia 3 6 6  Brunei
 Indonesia
 Philippines (M)
 Singapore (M)
 Thailand
 Vietnam (M)
 Maldives 0 3 3
 India (M)
 Sri Lanka (M)
 British Indian Ocean Territory[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Mali 7 0 7  Algeria (L)
 Burkina Faso (L)
 Côte d'Ivoire (L)
 Guinea (L)
 Mauritania (L)
 Niger (L)
 Senegal (L)
 Malta 0 2 2  Italy (M)
 Libya (M)
 Marshall Islands 0 4 4  Kiribati (M)
 Federated States of Micronesia (M)
 Nauru (M)
 Wake Island[40](United States) (M)
 Mauritania 4 3 5  Algeria (L)
 Cape Verde (M)
 Mali (L)
 Morocco
 Senegal
 Western Sahara[8]
Mauritania borders the Western Sahara, which Morocco claims as its territory
 Mauritius 0 2 (3) 2 (3)  France (M)
 Seychelles (M)
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[5][41](France) (M)
 Mayotte[13] (France) 0 2 2  Comoros (M)
 Madagascar (M)
 Mexico 3 5 5  Belize
 Cuba (M)
 Guatemala
 Honduras (M)
 United States
 Federated States of Micronesia 0 4 4  Marshall Islands (M)
 Palau (M)
 Papua New Guinea (M)
 Guam[9](United States) (M)
 Midway Atoll[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Moldova 2 (3) 0 2 (3)  Romania (L)
 Ukraine (L)
 Transnistria (L)
 Monaco 1 1 1  France
 Mongolia 2 0 2  China (L)
 Russia (L)
 Montenegro 4 (5) 3 5 (6)  Albania
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (L)
 Croatia
 Italy (M)
 Serbia (L)
 Kosovo[7] (L)
 Montserrat[6] (United Kingdom) 0 4 4  Antigua and Barbuda (M)
 France (M)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Venezuela (M)
 Morocco 2 (3) 3 (4) 3 (4)  Algeria
 Portugal (M)
 Spain
 Mauritania
 Western Sahara[8]
Morocco claims the Western Sahara, which claims independence. The Western Sahara borders Mauritania
 Mozambique 6 5 (6) 9 (10)  Comoros (M)
 France (M)
 Madagascar (M)
 Malawi (L)
 South Africa
 Swaziland (L)
 Tanzania
 Zambia (L)
 Zimbabwe (L)
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[36][42](France) (M)
 Nagorno-Karabakh[43] 3 0 3  Armenia (L)
 Azerbaijan (L)
 Iran (L)
 Namibia 4 2 4  Angola
 Botswana (L)
 South Africa
 Zambia (L)
 Nauru 0 2 2  Kiribati (M)
 Marshall Islands (M)
 Navassa Island[9][29] (United States) 0 3 3  Cuba (M)
 Haiti (M)
 Jamaica (M)
   Nepal 2 0 2
 India (L)
 China (L)
 Netherlands[44] 2 8 (10) 8 (10)  Belgium
 Germany
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (M)
 United Kingdom (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Anguilla[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Saint Barthelemy[13](France) (M)
 Saint Martin[13](France) (M)
 United States Virgin Islands[9](United States) (M)
Netherlands, Kingdom of the
→includes:
 Aruba
 Curaçao
 Netherlands
 Sint Maarten
3 9 (12) 9 (12)  Belgium
 Dominican Republic (M)
 France (M)
 Germany
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (M)
 United Kingdom (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Anguilla[6](United Kingdom) (M)
Saint Barthélemy[13](France) (M)
Saint Martin[13](France)
 United States Virgin Islands[9](United States) (M)
 New Caledonia[18] (France) 0 5 (6) 5 (6)  Australia (M)
 Fiji (M)
 Papua New Guinea (M)
 Solomon Islands (M)
 Vanuatu (M)
 Norfolk Island(Australia) (M)
 New Zealand[45] 0 3 (4) 3 (4)  Australia (M)
 Fiji (M)
 Tonga (M)
 Norfolk Island[17](Australia) (M)
New Zealand, Realm of
→includes:
 Cook Islands
 New Zealand
 Niue
 Tokelau
0 7 (9) 7 (9)  Australia (M)
 Fiji (M)
 Kiribati (M)
 Samoa (M)
 Tonga (M)
 American Samoa[9](United States) (M)
 French Polynesia[13](France) (M)
 Norfolk Island[17](Australia) (M)
 Wallis and Futuna[13](France) (M)
 Nicaragua 2 4 4  Colombia (M)
 Costa Rica
 El Salvador (M)
 Honduras
 Niger 7 0 7  Algeria (L)
 Benin (L)
 Burkina Faso (L)
 Chad (L)
 Libya (L)
 Mali (L)
 Nigeria (L)
 Nigeria 4 5 7  Benin
 Cameroon
 Chad (L)
 Equatorial Guinea (M)
 Ghana (M)
 Niger (L)
 São Tomé and Príncipe (M)
 Niue[11] (New Zealand) 0 2 (3) 2 (3)  Tonga (M)
 American Samoa[9](United States) (M)
 Cook Islands[10](New Zealand) (M)
 Norfolk Island[17] (Australia) 0 2 2  New Zealand (M)
 New Caledonia[18](France) (M)
 Northern Mariana Islands[9] (United States) 0 1 1  Japan (M)
 Norway[46] 3 5 (7) 6 (8)  Denmark (M)
 Finland (L)
 Iceland (M)
 Russia
 Sweden
 United Kingdom (M)
 Greenland[23](Denmark) (M)
 Faroe Islands[23](Denmark) (M)
Norway, Kingdom of (plus dependent Norwegian territories)
→includes:
 Bouvet Island
 Norway
 Svalbard
3 5 (7) 6 (8)  Denmark (M)
 Finland (L)
 Iceland (M)
 Russia
 Sweden
 United Kingdom (M)
 Faroe Islands[23](Denmark) (M)
 Greenland[23](Denmark) (M)
 Oman 3 4 5  Iran (M)
 Pakistan (M)
 Saudi Arabia (L)
 United Arab Emirates
 Yemen
 Pakistan 4 3 5  Afghanistan (L)
 China (L)
 India
 Iran
 Oman (M)
 Palau 0 3 3  Indonesia (M)
 Federated States of Micronesia (M)
 Philippines (M)
 Palestinian territories[32] 3 2 3  Egypt
 Israel
 Jordan (L)
 Panama 2 2 2  Colombia
 Costa Rica
 Papua New Guinea 1 5 5  Australia (M)
 Indonesia
 Federated States of Micronesia (M)
 Solomon Islands (M)
 New Caledonia[18] (France) (M)
 Paraguay 3 0 3  Argentina (L)
 Bolivia (L)
 Brazil (L)
 Peru 5 2 5  Bolivia (L)
 Brazil (L)
 Chile
 Colombia (L)
 Ecuador
Peter I Island[4] 0 1 1  Antártica Chilena Province[4](Chile) (M)
 Philippines 0 6 (7) 6 (7)  China (M)
 Indonesia (M)
 Japan (M)
 Malaysia (M)
 Palau (M)
 Vietnam (M)
 Taiwan (M)
 Pitcairn Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 1 1  French Polynesia[13] (France) (M)
 Poland 7 4 9  Belarus (L)
 Czech Republic (L)
 Denmark (M)
 Germany
 Lithuania (L)
 Russia
 Slovakia (L)
 Sweden (M)
 Ukraine (L)
 Portugal[47] 1 2 2  Morocco (M)
 Spain
 Puerto Rico[9] (United States) 0 3 3  Dominican Republic (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 British Virgin Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Qatar 1 4 4  Bahrain (M)
 Iran (M)
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates (M)
Queen Maud Land[4] (Norway) 2 2 2 Australian Antarctic Territory[4](Australia)
 British Antarctic Territory[4](United Kingdom)
 Romania 5 3 6  Bulgaria
 Hungary (L)
 Moldova (L)
 Serbia (L)
 Turkey (M)
 Ukraine
Ross Dependency[4] (New Zealand) 1 1 1 Australian Antarctic Territory[4](Australia)
 Russia 14 (16) 15 (16) 18 (20)  Azerbaijan[19]
 Belarus (L)
 China
 Estonia
 Finland
 Georgia
 Japan (M)
 Kazakhstan[19]
 North Korea
 Latvia (L)
 Lithuania
 Mongolia (L)
 Norway
 Poland
 Sweden (M)
 Turkey (M)
 Ukraine
 United States (M)
 Abkhazia
 South Ossetia (L)
 Rwanda 4 0 4  Burundi (L)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Tanzania (L)
 Uganda (L)
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 4 0 4  Algeria (L)
 Mauritania (L)
 Morocco (L)
 Spain (M)
 Saint Barthélemy[13] (France) 0 3 (4) 3 (4)  Antigua and Barbuda (M)
 Netherlands (M)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (M)
 Sint Maarten[16](Netherlands) (M)
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 5 5  Antigua and Barbuda (M)
 Netherlands (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Montserrat[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Saint Barthélemy[13](France) (M)
 Saint Lucia 0 4 4  Barbados (M)
 France (M)
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (M)
 Venezuela (M)
Saint Martin[13] 1 2 (3) 2 (3)  Netherlands (M)
 Anguilla[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Sint Maarten[16](Netherlands)
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon[13] (France) 0 1 1  Canada (M)
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 5 5  Barbados (M)
 Grenada (M)
 Saint Lucia (M)
 Trinidad and Tobago (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Samoa 0 4 4  Tonga (M)
 American Samoa[9](United States) (M)
 Tokelau[12](New Zealand) (M)
 Wallis and Futuna[13](France) (M)
 San Marino 1 0 1  Italy (L)
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0 3 3  Equatorial Guinea (M)
 Gabon (M)
 Nigeria (M)
 Saudi Arabia 7 10 12  Bahrain (M)
 Egypt (M)
 Eritrea (M)
 Iran (M)
 Iraq (L)
 Jordan
 Kuwait
 Oman (L)
 Qatar
 Sudan (M)
 United Arab Emirates
 Yemen
 Senegal 5 4 6  Cape Verde (M)
 The Gambia
 Guinea (L)
 Guinea-Bissau
 Mali (L)
 Mauritania
 Serbia 8 0 8  Albania (L)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (L)
 Bulgaria (L)
 Croatia (L)
 Hungary (L)
 Republic of Macedonia (L)
 Montenegro (L)
 Romania (L)
 Kosovo[7] (L)
Kosovo, which some countries consider part of Serbia, borders Albania
 Seychelles 0 5 5  Comoros (M)
 Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Tanzania (M)
[5][28](France) (M)
 Sierra Leone 2 2 2  Guinea
 Liberia
 Singapore 0 2 2  Indonesia (M)
 Malaysia (M)
 Sint Maarten[16] (Netherlands) 1 1 (2) 1 (2) Saint Barthélemy[13](France) (M)
Saint Martin[13](France)
 Slovakia 5 0 5  Austria (L)
 Czech Republic (L)
 Hungary (L)
 Poland (L)
 Ukraine (L)
 Slovenia 4 2 4  Austria (L)
 Croatia
 Italy
 Hungary (L)
 Solomon Islands 0 4 4  Australia (M)
 Papua New Guinea (M)
 Vanuatu (M)
 New Caledonia[18](France) (M)
 Somalia 3 3 4  Djibouti
 Ethiopia (L)
 Kenya
 Yemen (M)
 Somaliland
Somaliland, which considers itself independent, is the only part of Somalia to border Djibouti
 Somaliland[48] 3 3 4  Djibouti
 Ethiopia (L)
 Somalia
 Yemen (M)
 South Africa 6 2 6  Botswana (L)
 Lesotho (L)
 Mozambique
 Namibia
 Swaziland (L)
 Zimbabwe (L)
 ) United Kingdom ([6] 0 0 0
 South Ossetia[49] 2 0 2  Georgia (L)
 Russia (L)
 South Sudan 6 0 6  Central African Republic (L)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Ethiopia (L)
 Kenya (L)
 Sudan (L)
 Uganda (L)
 Spain 5 6 (7) 7 (8)  Algeria (M)
 Andorra (L)
 France
 Italy (M)
 Morocco
 Portugal
 Gibraltar[6](United Kingdom)
 Western Sahara[8] (M)
 Sri Lanka 0 2 2
 India (M)
 Maldives (M)
 Sudan 7 3 8  Central African Republic (L)
 Chad (L)
 Egypt
 Eritrea
 Ethiopia (L)
 Libya (L)
 Saudi Arabia (M)
 South Sudan (L)
 Suriname 3 2 3  Brazil (L)
 France
 Guyana
 Svalbard[22] (Norway) 0 2 2  Russia (M)[50]
 Greenland[23](Denmark) (M)
 Swaziland 2 0 2  Mozambique (L)
 South Africa (L)
 Sweden 2 9 9  Denmark (M)
 Estonia (M)
 Finland
 Germany (M)
 Latvia (M)
 Lithuania (M)
 Norway
 Poland (M)
 Russia (M)
  Switzerland 5 0 5  Austria (L)
 France (L)
 Italy (L)
 Liechtenstein (L)
 Germany (L)
 Syria 5 3 (4) 6 (7)  Cyprus (M)
 Iraq (L)
 Israel (L)
 Jordan (L)
 Lebanon
 Turkey
 Northern Cyprus (M)
 Taiwan[51] 0 3 3  China (M)
 Japan (M)
 Philippines (M)
 Tajikistan 4 0 4  Afghanistan (L)
 China (L)
 Kyrgyzstan (L)
 Uzbekistan (L)
 Tanzania 8 4 10  Burundi (L)
 Comoros (M)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Kenya
 Malawi (L)
 Mozambique
 Rwanda (L)
 Seychelles (M)
 Uganda (L)
 Zambia (L)
 Thailand 4 6 7  Burma
 Cambodia
 India (M)
 Indonesia (M)
 Laos (L)
 Malaysia
 Vietnam (M)
 Togo 3 2 3  Benin
 Burkina Faso (L)
 Ghana
 Tokelau[12] (New Zealand) 0 4 (5) 4 (5)  Kiribati (M)
 Samoa (M)
 American Samoa[9](United States) (M)
 Cook Islands[10](New Zealand) (M)
 Wallis and Futuna[13](France) (M)
 Tonga 0 5 (6) 5 (6)  Fiji (M)
 New Zealand (M)
 Samoa (M)
 American Samoa[9](United States) (M)
 Niue[11](New Zealand) (M)
 Wallis and Futuna[13](France) (M)
 Transnistria[52] 2 0 2  Moldova (L)
 Ukraine (L)
Tromelin Island[5][41] (France) 0 2 2  Madagascar (M)
 Mauritius (M)
 Trinidad and Tobago 0 4 4  Barbados (M)
 Grenada (M)
 Guyana (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Tunisia 2 3 3  Algeria
 Italy (M)
 Libya
 Turkey 8 9 13  Armenia (L)
 Azerbaijan (L)
 Bulgaria
 Cyprus (M)
 Egypt (M)
 Georgia
 Greece
 Iran (L)
 Iraq (L)
 Romania (M)
 Russia (M)
 Syria
 Ukraine (M)
 Northern Cyprus (M)
Turkey has a Maritime border with Northern Cyprus, which all other countries consider to be part of Cyprus
 Turkmenistan 4 3[19] 5  Afghanistan (L)
 Azerbaijan (M)[19]
 Iran[19]
 Kazakhstan[19]
 Uzbekistan (L)
 Turks and Caicos Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 3 3  Bahamas (M)
 Dominican Republic (M)
 Haiti (M)
 Tuvalu 0 3 3  Fiji (M)
 Kiribati (M)
 Wallis and Futuna[13](France) (M)
 Uganda 5 0 5  Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Kenya (L)
 Rwanda (L)
 South Sudan (L)
 Tanzania (L)
 Ukraine 7 (8) 4 9 (10)  Belarus (L)
 Hungary (L)
 Georgia (M)
 Moldova (L)
 Poland (L)
 Romania
 Russia
 Slovakia (L)
 Turkey (M)
 Transnistria (L)
 United Arab Emirates 2 4 4  Iran (M)
 Oman
 Qatar (M)
 Saudi Arabia
 United Kingdom[53] 1 7 (8) 7 (8)  Belgium (M)
 Denmark (M)
 France (M)
 Germany (M)
 Ireland
 Netherlands (M)
 Norway (M)
 Faroe Islands[23](Denmark) (M)
 United Kingdom (plus British overseas territories and Crown dependencies)
→including:
Akrotiri and Dhekelia
 Anguilla
 Bermuda
 British Indian Ocean Territory
 British Virgin Islands
 Cayman Islands
 Falkland Islands
 Gibraltar
 Guernsey
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
 Montserrat
 Pitcairn Islands
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
 Turks and Caicos Islands
3 (4) 25 (29) 25 (30)  Antigua and Barbuda (M)
 Argentina (M)
 Bahamas (M)
 Belgium (M)
 Colombia (M)
 Cuba (M)
 Cyprus
 Denmark (M)
 Dominican Republic (M)
 Egypt (M)
 France (M)
 Germany (M)
 Haiti (M)
 Honduras (M)
 Ireland
 Jamaica (M)
 Lebanon (M)
 Maldives (M)
 Morocco (M)
 Netherlands (M)
 Norway (M)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (M)
 Spain
 Venezuela (M)
 Faroe Islands[23](Denmark) (M)
 French Polynesia[13](France) (M)
 Puerto Rico[9](United States) (M)
Saint Martin[13](France) (M)
 Northern Cyprus (L)
 United States Virgin Islands[9](United States) (M)
 United States[54] 2 6 6  Bahamas (M)
 Canada
 Cuba (M)
 Kiribati (M)
 Mexico
 Russia (M)
 United States (including insular areas)
→includes:
 American Samoa
 Baker Island
 Guam
 Howland Island
 Jarvis Island
 Johnston Atoll
 Kingman Reef
 Midway Atoll
 Navassa Island
 Northern Mariana Islands
 Palmyra Atoll
 Puerto Rico
 United States Virgin Islands
 Wake Island
2 18 (21) 18 (21)  Bahamas (M)
 Canada
 Cuba (M)
 Dominican Republic (M)
 Haiti (M)
 Jamaica (M)
 Japan (M)
 Kiribati (M)
 Marshall Islands (M)
 Mexico
 Federated States of Micronesia (M)
 Netherlands (M)
 Russia (M)
 Samoa (M)
 Tonga (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Anguilla[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 British Virgin Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Cook Islands[10](New Zealand) (M)
 Niue[11](New Zealand) (M)
 Tokelau[12](New Zealand) (M)
 United States Virgin Islands[9] (United States) 0 3 (4) 3 (4)  Netherlands (M)
 Venezuela (M)
 Anguilla[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 British Virgin Islands[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Uruguay 2 2 2  Argentina
 Brazil
 Uzbekistan 5 0 5  Afghanistan (L)
 Kazakhstan (L)
 Kyrgyzstan (L)
 Tajikistan (L)
 Turkmenistan (L)
 Vanuatu 0 3 3  Fiji (M)
 Solomon Islands (M)
 New Caledonia[18](France) (M)
  Vatican City 1 0 1  Italy (L)
 Venezuela 3 13 (15) 14 (16)  Barbados (M)[20]
 Brazil (L)
 Colombia
 Dominica (M)
 Dominican Republic (M)
 France (M)
 Guyana
 Netherlands (M)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (M)
 Saint Lucia (M)
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (M)
 Trinidad and Tobago (M)
 Aruba[16](Netherlands) (M)
 Curaçao[16](Netherlands) (M)
 Montserrat[6](United Kingdom) (M)
 Puerto Rico[9](United States) (M)
 United States Virgin Islands[9](United States) (M)
 Vietnam 3 6 7  Cambodia
 China
 Indonesia (M)
 Laos (L)
 Malaysia (M)
 Philippines (M)
 Thailand (M)
 Wake Island[40] (United States) 0 1 1  Marshall Islands (M)
 Wallis and Futuna[13] (France) 0 5 5  Fiji (M)
 Samoa (M)
 Tonga (M)
 Tuvalu (M)
 Tokelau[12](New Zealand) (M)
 West Bank (Palestinian territories)[32] 2 0 2  Israel (L)
 Jordan (L)
 Western Sahara[8] 3 3 4  Algeria (L)
 Mauritania
 Morocco
 Spain (M)
 Yemen 2 5 (6) 5 (6)  Djibouti (M)
 Eritrea (M)
 Oman
 Saudi Arabia
 Somalia (M)
 Somaliland (M)
 Zambia 8 0 8  Angola (L)
 Botswana (L)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (L)
 Malawi (L)
 Mozambique (L)
 Namibia (L)
 Tanzania (L)
 Zimbabwe (L)
 Zimbabwe 4 0 4  Botswana (L)
 Mozambique (L)
 South Africa (L)
 Zambia (L)

See also

Notes

a.^ The Government of India also considers Afghanistan to be a bordering country. This is because it considers the entire Kashmir region to be a part of India including the portion bordering Afghanistan. A ceasefire sponsored by the UN in 1948 froze the positions of Indian and Pakistani-held territory. As a consequence, the region bordering Afghanistan is in Pakistan's Gilgit-Baltistan area.
  1. ^ a b c The concept of state sovereignty is somewhat imprecise and there are disagreements about whether certain territories are sovereign. There are currently 195 states that are generally regarded as "fully" sovereign: this includes the 193 member states of the United Nations plus the observer states of Vatican City and the State of Palestine. Some of these states have under their jurisdiction territories, dependencies, or collectivities that are clearly non-sovereign geographical areas. These territories are generally regarded as being subsumed within the overarching sovereignty of the governing state. For example, the United Kingdom holds sovereignty over the territory of Gibraltar, even though Gibraltar is not considered to be part of the United Kingdom. There are a few territories in the world that are neither clearly sovereign nor clearly subsumed under another state's sovereignty. Often, these territories have declared themselves to be sovereign, but they are either not widely recognized as such or lack some of the necessary conditions for sovereign statehood. In these cases, explanatory footnotes indicate how the territory is treated for the purposes of this list.
  2. ^ a b c A number in parentheses indicates the number of unique sovereign states that the country or territory shares as neighbours.
  3. ^ In 1992, Abkhazia declared sovereignty from Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and Nauru. Because of the low level of international recognition, Abkhazia is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighboring countries and territories.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x This is a territorial claim in Antarctica. Territorial claims in Antarctica have been recognized only between the few countries making claims in the area. Because some of the claims overlap and there is a low number of recognition for these claims, Antarctic territorial claims are not included in this chart when listing countries' neighboring countries and territories. The specific Antarctic claims are included in this chart, but only in reference to each other.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o This territory is part of the widely dispersed French Southern and Antarctic Lands, an overseas territory of France.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar This territory is not sovereign but is a British overseas territory. Its territory constitutes part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom but strictly speaking is not part of the United Kingdom itself.
  7. ^ a b c d e In 2008, Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. Although Kosovo's sovereignty has been recognized by 108 UN member states, Serbia disputes its sovereignty, claiming that Kosovo remains one of its provinces. Serbia referred the dispute to the International Court of Justice, which ruled that the declaration of independence was legal. For purposes of this list, Kosovo is considered to be a sovereign country. If Kosovo is considered part of Serbia, some numbers in the table would be reduced by one (e.g., when a state borders both Serbia and Kosovo). Other numbers would remain the same (e.g., when a state borders Kosovo but not Serbia).
  8. ^ a b c d e Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory. Administration is split between Morocco and the largely unrecognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim sovereignty over the entire territory (see Legal status of Western Sahara). For purposes of this list, Western Sahara is considered to be a sovereign country.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai This territory is not sovereign, but is an insular area of the United States. U.S. territories are considered to be part of the sovereign territory of the United States.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h The Cook Islands is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. The Cook Islands controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, the Cook Islands is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Cook Island people being New Zealand citizens. For purposes of this list, the Cook Islands, New Zealand, Niue, and Tokelau are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  11. ^ a b c d e Niue is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. Niue controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, Niue is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Niuean people being New Zealand citizens. For purposes of this list, Niue, the Cook Islands, New Zealand, and Tokelau are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory within the Realm of New Zealand.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad This territory is not sovereign, but is an overseas collectivity of France, and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  14. ^ a b c d e f Claims to territory overlap.
  15. ^ a b Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, which is a British overseas territory.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. For purposes of this list, Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m This territory is not sovereign but is part of the sovereign territory of Australia.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h New Caledonia is not sovereign but is a sui generis collectivity of France and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n The maritime boundary is in the Caspian Sea. Some consider the Caspian Sea to be a lake.
  20. ^ a b c d Venezuela Disputes, IndexMundi
  21. ^ a b c Madagascar claims sovereignty over Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island.
  22. ^ a b c d This territory is not sovereign and is a dependent territory of Norway. It is not part of the Kingdom of Norway, but it is considered to be part of the sovereign territory of Norway.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l This territory is not sovereign, but is a country within the Kingdom of Denmark. For purposes of this list, Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  24. ^ For information on the Republic of China, see the listing in this table under "Taiwan".
  25. ^ a b Hong Kong is not sovereign but since 1997 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  26. ^ a b Macau is not sovereign but since 1999 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Macau has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  27. ^ Clipperton Island is not sovereign but is property of the government of France; as such, it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  28. ^ a b c Madagascar claims sovereignty over the Glorioso Islands.
  29. ^ a b c d Haiti claims sovereignty over Navassa Island, which is a United States insular area.
  30. ^ a b Northern Cyprus declared independence in 1983, shortly after Turkey invaded the island in response to a coup d'état by Greek Cypriots that was backed by Greece. Cyprus disputes the declaration of sovereignty and considers Northern Cyprus to be part of its territory. The United Nations and the European Union also do not recognize the sovereignty of Northern Cyprus. The only sovereign state that recognizes Northern Cyprus's sovereignty is Turkey. Northern Cyprus also lacks some of the indicators of legal sovereignty, relying heavily on Turkey for its continuing existence separate from Cyprus. Because of these factors, Northern Cyprus is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighboring countries and territories.
  31. ^ Does not include the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g In 1988, the State of Palestine. Although Palestinian sovereignty is recognized by about 130 countries, Palestine is not a member of the United Nations (though it is a UN observer state) and lacks other indicators of legal sovereignty. The State of Palestine/Palestinian territories consists of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In this list, for purposes of counting bordering states, the Palestinian territories are considered to be a single sovereign entity.
  33. ^ Excluding French collectivities and territories.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i This territory is not sovereign but it a British Crown Dependency. Crown Dependencies are possessions of the British Crown but strictly speaking are not part of the United Kingdom.
  35. ^ a b Excluding Adélie Land.
  36. ^ a b c This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas territory of France.
  37. ^ Guyana, Barbados in maritime pact, February 25, 2004, Stabroek News
  38. ^ a b The Isle of Man shares maritime boundaries with countries of the United Kingdom but has no maritime boundaries with other sovereign states.
  39. ^ More specifically, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island. Madagascar claims sovereignty over all these islands.
  40. ^ a b The Marshall Islands claims sovereignty over Wake Island, which is an insular area of the United States.
  41. ^ a b Madagascar claims sovereignty over Tromelin Island.
  42. ^ More specifically, Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island.
  43. ^ The Includes Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius, but excludes Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. ^
  44. ^ Does not include the Cook Islands, Niue, or Tokelau.
  45. ^ Not including Bouvet Island or Svalbard.
  46. ^ Includes autonomous regions of Portugal.
  47. ^ In 1990, South Ossetia declared sovereignty from Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and Nauru. Because of the low level of international recognition, South Ossetia is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighboring countries and territories. ^
  48. ^ The maritime boundary between Norway and Russia is continuous from the north edge of the European mainland to the sea between Svalbard and Franz Josef Land. In other words, there are not two separate Russian boundaries for Russia–Norway and Russia–Svalbard. Svalbard therefore acts only to extend the otherwise existing Russia–Norway boundary.
  49. ^ In 1949, during the Chinese Civil War, the government and leaders of the Republic of China (ROC), led by Chiang Kai-shek, retreated from mainland China to the island of Taiwan. In Taiwan, the ROC continues to claim sovereignty over all China, including the mainland and Taiwan. The People's Republic of China (PRC), which has governed mainland China since the ROC government retreated, also claims to be the sole representative of all China, including Taiwan. Even though the ROC government in Taiwan has never asserted that Taiwan's sovereignty is separate from that of China's, for many practical purposes Taiwan is treated by other countries and international organizations as a country that is separate from the PRC. For the purposes of this list, Taiwan is considered to be an entity that is separate from China.
  50. ^ In the early 1990, Transnistria attempted to separate itself, first from the Moldavian SSR and then from sovereign Moldova. Moldova disputes Transnistrian sovereignty and considers it to be part of its territory. There are no sovereign states that recognize Transnistria's sovereignty. Because of the lack of international recognition, Transnistria is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighboring countries and territories.
  51. ^ The United Kingdom does not include British overseas territories or Crown dependencies.
  52. ^ Excluding U.S. insular areas.

References

  • Anderson, Ewan W. (2003). International Boundaries: A Geopolitical Atlas. Routledge: New York. 10-ISBN 157958375X/13-ISBN 9781579583750; OCLC 54061586
  • Charney, Jonathan I., David A. Colson, Robert W. Smith. (2005). International Maritime Boundaries. Hotei Publishing: Leiden. 10-ISBN 0792311876/13-ISBN 9780792311874; 10-ISBN 904111954X/13-ISBN 9789041119544; 10-ISBN 9041103457/13-ISBN 9789041103451; 10-ISBN 9004144617/13-ISBN 9789004144613; 10-ISBN 900414479X/13-ISBN 9789004144798; OCLC 23254092
  • Jagota, S. P. (1985). Maritime Boundary. Martinis Nijhoff: Dordrecht. 10-ISBN 902473133X/13-ISBN 9789024731336; 10-ISBN 9024726166/13-ISBN 9789024726165; OCLC 1175640
  • Prescott, John Robert Victor. (1985). The Maritime Political Boundaries of the World. London: Methuen. 10-ISBN 0416417507/13-ISBN 9780416417500; OCLC 12582178
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