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List of massacres in the Kosovo War

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List of massacres in the Kosovo War

Albanian victims

Incomplete list of massacres by Serb forces in the Kosovo War, listed chronologically:

  • February 28, 1998, Likošane Massacre — Serb Special Police murdered 14 members of the Ahmeti family.[1]
  • February 28 and March 1, 1998, Cirez Massacre — Serb Paramilitaries executed several members of the Sejdiu family.[2][3]
  • April 1, 1999 (and May 25, 1998), Ljubenić massacres — Serb police officers executed at least eight men suspected of being KLA insurgents.[4]
  • September 26, 1998, Golubovac Massacre - Serb Paramilitaries summarily killed thirteen men who were under the suspicion of being KLA insurgents. The men were detained at a compound in the village of Golubovac.[5]
  • September 28, 1999, Gornje Obrinje Massacre - After 15 Yugoslav soldiers were killed the previous day by sniper-fire coming from the village of Gornje Obrinje, Special Forces entered the village and executed 21 members of the Delijaj family.[6]
  • January 15, 1999 Račak Massacre - A Serb Special Anti-Terrorism Unit killed 40-45 people in Račak. Investigations were carried out by Belarusian, Finnish and Yugoslavian officials. The Finnish investigators representing EU deemed that these killings were committed on civilians.[7] It is widely accepted as a massacre.[7] Conversely, the Belarusian and Yugoslavian investigators deemed that those killed were not civilians.
  • January 29, 1999, Rogovo Massacre — Serb police-officers executed 24 Albanians, supposedly KLA members.[8][9][10]
  • March 5, 1999, Attack on Prekaz - Serb forces raided the village of KLA leader Adem Jashari and killed him, his brother, and around sixty members of his family.[11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
  • 25 March 1999, Massacre at Velika Kruša - 90 men were executed in the village of Velika Kruša. Massacres such as this were typical throughout 1999, as the Serb Special Forces attempted to decrease the number of recruits joining the Kosovo Liberation Army.
  • March 25, 1999, Bela Crkva massacre — Serb Police Officers executed more than 60 ethnic Albanians in Bela Crkva, including twenty members of the Popaj family and twenty-five members of the Zhuniqi family, on the grounds that they were suspected KLA members.[18][19]
  • 26 March 1999, Suva Reka massacre - Members of the Berisha family were forced into their family-owned pizzeria, where two hand grenades were thrown. Serb police officers shot anyone who displayed any signs of life. The police officers then took all of the bodies and disposed of them in a mass grave, near an anti-terrorism facility in Batajnica.[20]
  • March 28, 1999, Izbica Massacre - The Yugoslav Army shelled the village of Izbica. After the shelling killed over a hundred people, Serb Special Forces entered, demanded money from the refugees and told the women, the children and the elderly to go to Albania. After they left, the Special Forces lined about fifty men up against a wall and executed them with automatic weapons.
  • March 31, 1999, Ljubižda Massacre — security forces reportedly shot 14 men in the village of Ljubižda, northwest of Prizren.[21]
  • March 31, 1999, Pusto Selo Massacre — Serb Paramilitaries lined 106 ethnic Albanian men against a wall and executed them in Pusto Selo, near Orahovac. The men were allegedely KLA sympathizers.[22]
  • April 5, 1999, Rezala Massacre — Serb Police Officers allegedly entered the Albanian village of Rezala and gunned down at least 80 villagers suspected of harbouring KLA guerillas.[23]
  • April 17, 1999, Poklek Massacre — A Montenegrin Unit of the Serb Special Police forced at least 47 people into one room and opened fire. 23 children under the age of fifteen died in the operation.[23]
  • April 17, 1999, Ćikatovo massacre — Serb Paramilitaries killed twenty-four men from the Morina family that were suspected of being KLA members.[23]
  • April 27, 1999, Meja Massacre - Serb police and paramilitary forces killed at least 300 Albanian men in the village of Meja, in Đakovica municipality. On the same day, in the nearby village of Korenica 13 Albanian men were killed and their bodies burned. Another 67 people from Korenica remain missing, as well as fifty-three other villagers from the surrounding area who were seeking refuge in Korenica.[24]
  • May 2–3, 1999, Vučitrn Massacre - Albanian refugees fleeing the fighting that was occurring between the Serb Army and the KLA were cornered by the Serb Special Forces (who suspected that some KLA members were fleeing the fighting with the refugees). The Special Forces picked out about 120 men who they suspected of being KLA deserters and sprayed them with bullets and later hid their bodies in a mass-grave near Gornja Sudimlja.
  • May 14, 1999, Cuska Massacre — Serb police and Paramilitary Forces gathered villagers into 3 houses, gunned them down with automatic weapons and burned down the houses, killing all 41. [25]
  • May 22, 1999, Dubrava Prison Massacre — Serbian prison guards killed more than 70 Albanian prisoners.[26]
  • May 26, 1999, Prizren Massacre - Serb Volunteers killed thirty-four people and burned over 100 homes in the Tusus neighborhood of the city of Prizren, in an attempt to eradicate a dozen KLA insurgents.[27]

Serbian victims

  • Gnjilane massacre – 80 Serbs were discovered in mass graves having been killed by a group of Albanian militants.[28]
  • Orahovac Massacre - More than 100 Serbian and Roma civilians kidnapped and placed in prison camps, 47 were executed.[29]
  • Staro Gračko massacre – 14 Serbian farmers were murdered by the KLA.[30]
  • Glodjane massacre – 37 bodies were found in mass graves having been massacred by the KLA.[31][32][33][34] In March 2005 the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia charged three Kosovar Albanians with 30 murders relating to bodies found near Glodjane.[35] Of the bodies recovered from Lake Radonjic, the Court found that KLA fighters were responsible for seven murders; all of whom were ethnic Albanians.[36]
  • Klećka massacre – Serbian government reported that 22 kidnapped Serbs were killed by the KLA.[30][37]
  • Ugljare Massacre – 15 Serbs were murdered by KLA insurgents.[30]
  • Panda Bar Massacre in 1998 – 6 Kosovo Serb teenagers were killed in a café in Peć, by Serb special unit JSO in order to blame KLA.[38]
  • September 1998, Massacre at Lake Radonjić - Serb police found 34 bodies in a mass-grave at Lake Radonjić near Glodjane (Gllogjan). These bodies included ethnic Albanians, Roma and Serbs.[32][33] This massacre is seen as the main cause of the Serb Special Forces' crackdown on the KLA. [39]
  • 1999 - 2000, In 2008, [40][41]
  • Responding to Del Ponte's allegation, the head of the war crimes unit of EULEX (the European Law and Justice Mission in Kosovo), Matti Raatikainen, claimed "The fact is that there is no evidence whatsoever in this case, no bodies. No witnesses. All the reports and media attention to this issue have not been helpful to us. In fact they have not been helpful to anyone."[42] He described these allegations as a "distraction" that prevented the war crimes unit from finding the remains of close to 2,000 individuals of Serb, Albanian, and Roma ethnicity still missing in the conflict.[42]

See also

References

  1. ^ Natasa Kandic, The disturbing truth
  2. ^ Drenica Region Massacres (Feb-March 1998)
  3. ^ Milosevic trial
  4. ^ Federal Republic of Serbia: A human rights crisis in Kosovo Province
  5. ^ A Week of Terror in Drenica: Humanitarian Law Violations in Kosovo
  6. ^ "A Week of Terror in Drenica: Humanitarian Law Violations in Kosovo". UNHCR. 1 February 1999. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "'"Racak killings 'crime against humanity. BBC News. March 17, 1999. 
  8. ^ Serb Police Kill 24 Albanians in Kosovo
  9. ^ Kosovo/Kosova: As Seen, As Told, "Part V: The Municipalities - Rogovo", OSCE, 1999
  10. ^ New killings in Kosovo
  11. ^ Krieger, Heike (2001). The Kosovo Conflict and International Law: An Analytical Documentation 1974-1999. Cambridge University Press. p. 96.  
  12. ^ war crimes tribunal collection, John Oppenheim, Willem-Jan van der Wolf, Global Law Association, 2003
  13. ^ Under Orders: War Crimes in Kosovo. Human Rights Watch. 2001. pp. 34, 96–7. 
  14. ^ "Behind the Kosovo crisis". BBC. 12 March 2000. 
  15. ^ "Kosovo killings: Belgrade's official version of events". BBC. 12 March 1998. 
  16. ^ http://sim.law.uu.nl/sim/caselaw/tribunalen.nsf/ae4b0f7b22afa1cdc12571b500329d5e/0f58ad0e96d1e627c12571fe004c8cba?OpenDocument
  17. ^ Rights Watch: Violence in Kosovo
  18. ^ Milosevic Indictment
  19. ^ Kosovo War Crimes Chronology
  20. ^ "Four Serb Policemen Jailed for Suva Reka Massacre". 25 April 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  21. ^ Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Kosovo): After tragedy, justice?
  22. ^ Human Right Watch: Orahovac (Rrahovec) Municipality
  23. ^ a b c Human Right Watch: Drenica Region
  24. ^ Human Right Watch: Đakovica (Gjakove) Municipality
  25. ^ Qyshk victims
  26. ^ Under orders: war crimes in Kosovo
  27. ^ Human Right Watch: Prizren Municipality
  28. ^ News – Ex-KLAs sent to prison for 101 years. B92. Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  29. ^ http://www.b92.net/eng/news/crimes-article.php?yyyy=2011&mm=07&dd=18&nav_id=75498
  30. ^ a b c United Nations (22 February 2002). Yearbook of the United Nations 1999. United Nations Publications. pp. 367–.  
  31. ^ Heike Krieger (2001). The Kosovo conflict and international law: an analytical documentation 1974–1999. Cambridge University Press. pp. 38–.  
  32. ^ a b http://balkanwitness.glypx.com/Racak-FET-summary2.htm
  33. ^ a b Human Rights Watch. World Events 1999. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "Fourth Revised Public Indictment Against Ramush Haradinaj et al para: 47-48". U.N. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  35. ^ "Trial Chamber Judgment Summary pages 3-4". United Nations. 3 April 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "Trial Chamber Judgment Summary page 4". United Nations. 3 April 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  37. ^ KLECKA MASSACRE – kosovo and metohija. Members.fortunecity.com (1998-08-27). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  38. ^ "Vuk Drašković: Milošević naredio Radetu i Legiji da ubiju srpsku decu!". Kurir. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  39. ^ Human Rights Watch report
  40. ^ Horrors Alleged in Kosovo
  41. ^ Trafic d'organes/Kosovo: "aucune trace"
  42. ^ a b "End of the road for Kosovo Organ Claims?". BBC. 27 May 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 

External links

  • , 1999Kosovo/Kosova - As Seen, As ToldOSCE:
  • Under Orders: War Crimes in Kosovo (Human Right Watch)
  • , "Kosovo", September 5 2002et al.ICTY: Indictment of Milutinović
  • Report of the UN Secretary-General, January 31, 1999
  • Photographic Evidence of Kosovo Genocide and Conflict
  • SERBIAN MASSACRES BEFORE NATO AIRSTRIKES
  • Kosovo Genocide: Massacres
  • The Kosovo Cover-Up
  • Kosovo massacre trial
  • Judgment in the Vlastimir Djorjevic case, February 23, 2011
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