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List of military units in the 2014 Crimean crisis

 

List of military units in the 2014 Crimean crisis

This is a list of military units in the 2014 Crimean crisis. At the date of writing (May 2014) this includes (a) the Armed Forces of Ukraine units stationed in Crimea at the time the crisis began, (b) the Russian units stationed in the Crimea at the time the crisis began, and (c) the Russian units that entered Crimea up until the peninsula was formally annexed by the Russian Federation.

Contents

  • Russia 1
    • Commanders 1.1
    • Land force 1.2
    • Navy 1.3
  • Ukraine 2
    • Air force 2.1
    • Navy 2.2
      • Southern Naval Base (Ukraine) 2.2.1
      • Sevastopol Naval Base 2.2.2
    • Land forces 2.3
  • Autonomous Republic of Crimea 3
  • References 4

Russia

By governmental treaty, Russia was allowed to station a limited number of troops in Crimea, specifically 25.000. During the conflict, there appeared numerous fully equipped soldiers, who bore no military rank insignia or cockade. The official position of the Russian government was that Russia was uninvolved in events on the peninsula and that these troops did not belong to the Russian federation, but were based on the local initiatives.[1]

Many vehicles used by unmarked soldiers have Russian license plates.[1][2] Ukrainian troops reported that the pro-Russian forces stated they were Russian,[1] spoke perfect Russian, and in one case arrived in Russian planes[2]

Commanders

Land force

Navy

Ukraine

On 19 March, the Ukrainian military announced plans to withdraw all personnel and their families (up to 25,000 people) from the Crimean peninsula.[11]

Units that RUSI identified in the Crimea:[12]

  • 55th Anti-Aircraft Rocket REgiment
  • 36th Separate Coastal Guard Brigade, Pereval'ne
    • 5th Marine Battalion, Feodosiya
  • 801st Naval Spetznaz Battalion, Feodosiya

Air force

Navy

On 19 March, Russian media reported that the Russian flag flew over 189 Ukrainian military units, and that there were no naval vessels in Crimea still flying the Ukrainian flag.[15]

Southern Naval Base (Ukraine)

The Ukrainian fleet was largely surrounded by the Russian fleet and thus inoperable by the Ukrainian command. On the Donuzlav Lake since the night between 5 and 6 March, seven Ukrainian vessels were blocked by sunken Russian vessels. Lutsk (U205), Vinnytsia (U206), Chernihiv (U310), Cherkasy (U311), Henichesk (U360), Kirovohrad (U401) and Konstyantin Olschansky (U402)[16]

Sevastopol Naval Base

Two Ukrainian vessels were trapped in the Bay of Sevastopol at the Streletska bukhta, a submarine Zaporizhzhia (U01) and a small anti-submarine vessel Khmelnytskyi U208.

Land forces

Autonomous Republic of Crimea

Crimea was controlled by a mixture of militias and unmarked, pro-Russian soldiers. The new authorities in Crimea announced the creation of the independent Armed Forces of Crimea, which as of 10 March apparently included about 186 soldiers.[17]

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ Russian units in the Crimea are commanded by the deputy chief of the Southern Military District of the Russian Federation Igor Turchenyuk. RBK Ukraine. March 2, 2014
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ a b c
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ A Fragile Opportunity: The 2013 Iranian Election and its Consequences
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ Военно-морская национализация | Hubs
  17. ^ Aksenov began to form a new army in the Crimea for protection of referendum. TSN. March 10, 2014
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