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List of national animals

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List of national animals

This is a list of national animals.

National animals

Country Name of animal Scientific name Official status Pictures Ref.
 Åland Islands Red deer Cervus elaphus
 Afghanistan Snow leopard Panthera uncia [1]
 Albania Golden eagle (primary national symbol) Aquila chrysaetos [2][3]
 Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda
 Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus [4]
Sable antelope Hippotragus niger
 Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita [5]
 Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama [6]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens [6]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata [6]
 Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus [7]
Andean condor Vultur gryphus
Jaguar Panthera onca
 Armenia Eagle
Lion Panthera leo
 Australia Red kangaroo (national animal) Macropus rufus [8]
Emu (national bird) Dromaius novaehollandiae [9]
 Austria Black eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis
 Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus
 Bahamas Atlantic blue marlin Makaira nigricans
American flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
 Bahrain Himalayan bulbul (national bird) Aves Tennantus [10]
 Bangladesh Royal Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris [11]
Oriental magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis
Hilsa (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha
Ganges river dolphin (national mammal) Platanista gangetica gangetica
 Belarus European bison Bison bonasus [12]
White stork Ciconia ciconia
 Belgium Lion Panthera leo
 Belize Baird's tapir Tapirus bairdii [12][13]
 Benin Leopard Panthera pardus
 Bermuda Humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae
 Bhutan Druk Mythical Yes [14]
Takin Budorcas taxicolor [15]
 Bolivia Alpaca Vicugna pacos
Andean condor Vultur gryphus
 Botswana Zebra Equus quagga/Equus grevyi/Equus zebra
 Brazil Macaw Ara Macao/Ara ararauna/Ara militaris [16]
Jaguar Panthera onca
Harpia Harpia harpyja
 Bulgaria Lion Panthera leo
 Burma Grey peacock-pheasant (national bird) Polyplectron bicalcaratum
 Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli [17]
 Canada North American beaver Castor canadensis [18][19]
Canadian horse Equus ferus caballus [19]
 Chile Andean condor Vultur gryphus Yes
South Andean deer Hippocamelus bisulcus Yes
 China Chinese dragon Mythical
Giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca
 Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus
True parrot
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni [20]
 Costa Rica Clay-colored thrush Turdus grayi
West Indian manatee Trichechus manatus [21]
White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus
 Ivory Coast African elephant
 Croatia Pine marten Martes martes [22][23]
 Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus [24][25]
 Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis orientalis [26]
 Denmark Mute swan Cygnus olor
 Dominican Republic Palmchat Dulus dominicus
 Timor-Leste Crocodile
 Ecuador Andean condor Vultur gryphus
 Egypt Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
 El Salvador Turquoise-browed motmot Eumomota superciliosa
 Eritrea Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius
 Estonia Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx
Barn swallow (national bird) Hirundo rustica
Baltic herring (national fish) Clupea harengus membras
 Ethiopia
Lion Panthera leo
 Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher ("national bird") Haematopus ostralegus [27]
 Finland Brown bear Ursus arctos
Whooper swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis
 France Gallic rooster No [28]
French Imperial Eagle Yes
 Gabon Black panther Panthera pardus
 Georgia Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Gray wolf Canis lupus
 Germany Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
 Gibraltar Barbary macaque Macaca sylvanus
 Greece Dolphin
Phoenix Mythical [16][29]
 Ghana Eagle
 Greenland Polar bear Ursus maritimus
 Grenada Grenada dove Leptotila wellsi
 Guatemala Quetzal
 Guernsey Guernsey cow Bos taurus
 Guyana Canje pheasant Opisthocomus hoazin
Jaguar Panthera onca
 Haiti Hispaniolan trogon Priotelus roseigaster
 Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus [30]
Scarlet macaw Ara macao
 Hungary Turul Mythical (most probably Falco cherrug) [31]
 Iceland Rock ptarmigan Lagopus muta
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Yes [32]
 India Royal Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris [33] adopted in 1972 instead of the Asiatic lion
Indian peafowl (national bird) Pavo cristatus [34]
King cobra (national reptile) Ophiophagus hannah [35]
Ganges river dolphin (national aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica [36]
Hanuman langur (national heritage mammal) [36]
Indian elephant (national heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus [37]
 Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis [38]
Asian arowana (animal of charm) Scleropages formosus
Javan hawk-eagle (rare animal) Nisaetus bartelsi
Garuda (historic national animal) Mythical Yes [39]
 Iran Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica
Asiatic cheetah Acinonyx jubatus venaticus
Persian leopard Panthera pardus ciscaucasica
Persian cat Felis catus
Mugger crocodile Crocodylus palustris [16]
Persian fallow deer Dama dama mesopotamica
Simurgh Mythical
 Ireland Irish wolfhound Canis lupus familiaris Yes
Stag (red deer) Cervus elaphus
Lapwing (national bird) Vanellus armatus
 Isle of Man Manx Felis catus
 Israel Mountain gazelle (national animal) Gazella gazella
Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops [16]
 Italy Italian wolf Canis lupus italicus
Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
 Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus [40]
 Japan Green pheasant Phasianus versicolor
Koi Cyprinus carpio haematopterus
Tanuki Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus
Red-crowned crane Grus japonensis
 Jordan Oryx
 Kazakhstan Snow leopard Panthera uncia
Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis
 Kenya Lion Panthera leo
African elephant Loxodonta africana
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus
 Kiribati Magnificent frigatebird Fregata magnificens
 Kuwait Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius
 Laos Indian elephant Elephas maximus indicus
 Latvia White wagtail
 Lebanon Striped hyena Hyaena hyaena
 Lesotho Black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis
 Liberia Lion Panthera leo
 Libya Barbary lion Panthera leo leo
 Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia [41]
 Luxembourg Lion Panthera leo
 Macedonia Lion (in Macedonian heraldry) Panthera leo [42]
Ohrid trout Salmo letnica
Balkan lynx Lynx lynx martinoi
Šarplaninec Canis lupus familiaris
 Madagascar Ring tailed lemur
Lemur catta
 Malawi Bar-tailed trogon Apaloderma vittatum
Thomson's gazelle Eudorcas thomsonii
 Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris jacksoni [43]
Rhinoceros hornbill (national bird) Buceros rhinoceros
 Maldives Yellow-fin tuna Thunnus albacares
 Malta Blue rock thrush Monticola solitarius
Kelb tal-Fenek (the Pharaoh Hound) Canis lupus familiaris
 Mauritius Dodo
Raphus cucullatus Yes [12][44][45]
 Mexico Golden eagle (national animal/national bird) Aquila chrysaetos [46]
Xoloitzcuintli (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris
Grasshopper (national arthropod)
Jaguar (national mammal) Panthera onca
Vaquita (national marine mammal) Phocoena sinus
Green turtle (national reptile) Chelonia mydas
 Moldova Aurochs Bos primigenius primigenius
 Monaco European hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus
European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus
Wood mouse Apodemus sylvaticus
 Mongolia Saker falcon (national bird) Falco cherrug [47]
White gyrfalcon (symbol of Genghis' Borjigin clan) Falco rusticolus
Swan (symbol of Buryats)
Mongolian horse (symbol of freedom) Equus ferus caballus
Gray wolf Canis lupus
 Morocco Barbary lion Panthera leo leo
 Mozambique African elephant
 Namibia Oryx
 Nauru Great frigatebird
   Nepal Cow [48]
Lophophorus (national bird)
 Netherlands Lion (heraldic symbol) Panthera leo Yes [49]
 New Zealand Kiwi [50]
 Nicaragua Turquoise-browed motmot
 Nigeria Eagle
 North Korea Chollima Mythical [51][52][53]
 Norway Elk (Called "moose" in the Americas)
White-throated dipper (national bird)
 Pakistan Markhor (national animal) [12][54]
Chukar (national bird) [54]
Indus river dolphin (national aquatic marine mammal)
Snow leopard (national heritage animal) Panthera uncia [55]
Shaheen falcon (national symbolic bird icon)
Mugger crocodile (national reptile)
Golden mahasher (National fish)
Bufo stomaticus (national amphibian)
 Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja Yes [12]
 Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) [56]
Birds of paradise
 Paraguay Pampas fox
 Peru Vicuña (national animal) [57]
Andean cock-of-the-rock (national bird)
 Philippines Carabao (national animal)
Philippine eagle (national bird) [58]
Bangus (national fish)
 Poland Bielik eagle
White stork Ciconia ciconia
European bison Bison bonasus
 Portugal Rooster of Barcelos Mythical [59]
Iberian wolf
 Puerto Rico Coquí
Puerto Rican amazon
 Qatar Oryx [60]
 Romania Lynx
 Russia Siberian Cat
Russian bear
 Rwanda African leopard
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Vervet monkey
 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia amazon
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St Vincent parrot [61]
 Saudi Arabia Arabian horse
Arabian wolf
Arabian red fox
Arabian camel
 Serbia Wolf [62]
Lanner falcon [63]
Šarplaninac
Lynx [64]
 Seychelles Striped dolphin
 Somalia Leopard (national animal) Panthera pardus [65]
 South Africa Springbok (national animal) [66]
Blue crane (national bird)[66]
Galjoen (national fish)[66]
 South Korea Tiger
 South Sudan African fish eagle
 Spain Bull
Spanish imperial eagle
Iberian lynx
 Sri Lanka The royal Lion (national mammal)
Jungle fowl (national bird) [67]
Troides darsius (national butterfly)
 Swaziland Thomson's Gazelle
 Sweden Elk (Called "moose" in the Americas)
Common blackbird (national bird) Yes
  Switzerland Cow
 Taiwan Formosan black bear
Formosan blue magpie
 Tanzania Giraffe [68]
 Thailand White elephant (Asian elephant)
 Togo Hippopotamus
 Trinidad and Tobago Scarlet ibis
Rufous-vented chachalaca
 Turkey Double-headed eagle Mythical
Grey wolf [69][70]
Anatolian Shepherd
Kangal Shepherd
Turkish Angora
Turkish Van
 Uganda Grey crowned crane
 Ukraine Swan
 United Arab Emirates Peregrine falcon
 United Kingdom
Bulldog (Britain as "British Bulldog" and England as "English Bulldog") [71]
European robin
Mute swan (English, Celtic and Irish traditions) [72][73]
Red deer
Red fox
Red kite (Wales) [74]
Lion "Queen's Beast" Panthera leo
Unicorn (Scotland, Queen's Beast") Mythical Yes [16][75][76][77][78]
White Hart (England)
Y Ddraig Goch (Welsh Dragon Wales and Queen's Beast) Mythical Yes [74][79]
 United States Bald eagle Yes [80][81]
 Uruguay Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus
 Venezuela Venezuelan troupial
 Vietnam Tiger
Water buffalo
Dragon Mythical
 Zambia African fish eagle
 Zimbabwe Sable antelope Hippotragus niger

See also

References

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