List of oil-shale power stations


This article lists the largest power stations in the world, the ten overall and the five of each type, in terms of current installed electrical capacity. Non-renewable power stations are those that run on coal, fuel oils, nuclear, natural gas, oil shale and peat, while renewable power stations run on fuel sources such as biomass, geothermal heat, hydro, solar energy, solar heat, tides, waves and the wind. Only the most significant fuel source are listed for power stations that run on multiple sources.

At present, the largest power generating facility ever built is the Three Gorges Dam in China. The facility generates power by utilizing 32 Francis turbines each of a capacity of 700 MW and two 50 MW turbines,[1][2] totalling the installed capacity to 22,500 MW, more than twice the installed capacity of the largest nuclear power station, the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa at 8,212 MW. As of 2012 no power station comparable to Three Gorges is under construction, as the largest under construction power stations are hydroelectric Xiluodu Dam (13,860 MW),[3] Baihetan Dam (13,050 MW)[4] and Belo Monte Dam (11,000 MW).[5]

Although currently only a proposal, the Grand Inga Dam in Congo would surpass all existing power stations, including the Three Gorges Dam, if construction commences as planned in 2014. The design targets to top 39,000 MW in installed capacity, nearly twice that of the Three Gorges.[6][7][8] Another proposal, Penzhin Tidal Power Plant, presumes an installed capacity up to 87,100 MW.

Top 10 largest power producing facilities

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Annual electricity generation (TWh) Fuel type Ref
1 Three Gorges Dam  China 49|15|N|111|00|08|E| name=Three Gorges Dam

}} || 22,500 || 98.1[9] || Hydroelectricity || [1][2]

2 Itaipu Dam  Brazil
 Paraguay
24|31|S|54|35|21|W| name=Itaipu Dam

}} || 14,000[note 1] || 98.2[10]|| Hydroelectricity || [11][12]

3 Guri Dam  Venezuela 45|59|N|62|59|57|W| name=Guri Dam

}} || 10,235 || 53.41[13] || Hydroelectricity || [14]

4 Tucuruí Dam  Brazil 49|53|S|49|38|36|W| name=Tucuruí Dam

}} || 8,370 || 21.4 || Hydroelectricity || [15]

5 Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant  Japan 25|45|N|138|35|43|E| name=Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant

}} || 8,212[note 2] || 24.63 || Nuclear || [16][17]

6 Grand Coulee Dam  United States 57|23|N|118|58|56|W| name=Grand Coulee Dam

}} || 6,809 || 21 || Hydroelectricity || [18]

7 Longtan Dam  China 01|38|N|107|02|51|E| name=Longtan Dam

}} || 6,426 || 18.7 || Hydroelectricity || [19][20]

8 Bruce Nuclear Generating Station  Canada 19|31|N|81|35|58|W| name=Bruce Nuclear Generating Station

}} || 6,272 || 36.25 || Nuclear || [21]

9 Uljin Nuclear Power Plant  South Korea 05|34|N|129|23|01|E| name=Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant

}} || 6,157 || 44.81 || Nuclear ||[22]

10 Yeonggwang Nuclear Power Station  South Korea 24|54|N|126|25|26|E| name=Yeonggwang Nuclear Power Plant

}} || 6,139 || 48.16 || Nuclear ||[22]

Non-renewable power stations

Coal

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Taichung Power Plant  Taiwan 12|46|N|120|28|52|E| name=Taichung Power Plant

}} || 5,780 || [23]

2 Tuoketuo Power Station  China 11|49|N|111|21|52|E| name=Tuoketuo Power Plant

}} || 5,400 || [24][25][26]

3 Bełchatów Power Station  Poland 15|59|N|19|19|50|E| name=Bełchatów Power Station

}} || 5,053 || [27][28][29]

4= Guodian Beilun Power Station  China 56|37|N|121|48|57|E| name=Guodian Beilun Power Station

}} || 5,000 || [30]

4= Waigaoqiao Power Station  China 21|21|N|121|35|54|E| name=Waigaoqiao Power Station

}} || 5,000 || [31][32]

4= Guohoa Taishan Power Station  China 5,000 [33]

Fuel oil

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Shoaiba power and desalination plant  Saudi Arabia 40|48|N|139|31|24|E| name=Shoaiba power and desalination plant

}} || 5,600 || [34]

2 Kashima Power Station  Japan 52|47|N|140|41|22|E| name=Kashima Power Station

}} || 4,400 || [35]

3 Hirono Power Station  Japan 14|18|N|141|01|04|E| name=Hirono Power Station

}} || 3,800 ||[36]

4 Surgut-1 Power Station  Russia 16|46|N|73|29|20|E| name=Surgut-1 Power Station

}} || 3,268 || [37]

5 Peterhead Power Station  United Kingdom 28|38|N|01|47|20|W| name=Peterhead Power Station

}} || 2,177 || [38]

Natural gas

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Surgut-2 Power Station  Russia 16|46|N|73|30|45|E| name=Surgut-2 Power Station

}} || 5,597.1 || [39][40]

2 Futtsu Power Station  Japan 20|35|N|139|50|02|E| name=Futtsu Power Station

}} || 5,040 || [36][41]

3 Kawagoe Power Station  Japan 00|25|N|136|41|20|E| name=Chita Power Station

}} || 4,802 || [39][42]

4 Higashi-Niigata Power Station  Japan 4,600 [43]
5 Tatan Power Plant  Taiwan 01|34|N|121|02|50|E| name=Tatan Power Plant

}} || 4,272 || [44][45][46]

Nuclear

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant  Japan 25|45|N|138|35|43|E| name=Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant

}} || 8,212[note 2] || [16][17]

2 Bruce Nuclear Generating Station  Canada 19|31|N|81|35|58|W| name=Bruce Nuclear Generating Station

}} || 6,272 || [21]

3 Uljin Nuclear Power Plant  South Korea 05|34|N|129|23|01|E| name=Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant

}} || 6,157 || [22]

4 Yeonggwang Nuclear Power Station  South Korea 24|54|N|126|25|26|E| name=Yeonggwang Nuclear Power Plant

}} || 6,139 || [22]

5 Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant  Ukraine 30|44|N|34|35|09|E| name=Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

}} || 6,000 || [47]

Oil shale

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Eesti Power Station  Estonia 16|10|N|27|54|08|E| name=Eesti Power Plant

}} || 1,615 || [48][49]

2 Balti Power Station  Estonia 21|12|N|28|07|22|E| name=Narva Power Plant

}} || 765 || [48][49]

3 Huadian Oil Shale Plant  China 100 [50]
4 Mishor Rotem Power Station  Israel 03|19|N|35|11|04|E| name=Mishor Rotem Power Station

}} || 13 || [51]

5 Dotternhausen Rohrbach Zement Factory  Germany   9.9 [52]

Peat

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Shatura Power Station[note 3]  Russia 35|00|N|39|33|40|E| name=Shatura Power Station

}} || 1,500 || [53]

2 Kirov Power Station  Russia 37|16|N|49|35|47|E| name=Kirov Power Station

}} || 300 || [54]

3 Keljonlahti Power Station  Finland 11|33|N|25|44|14|E| name=Keljonlahti Power Station

}} || 209 || [55]

4 Toppila Power Station  Finland 02|13|N|25|29|17|E| name=Toppila Power Station

}} || 190 || [55]

5 Haapavesi Power Station  Finland 07|19|N|25|24|47|E| name=Haapavesi Power Station

}} || 154 || [56]

Renewable power stations

Biofuel

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Tilbury B Power Station  United Kingdom 27|18|N|0|23|30|E| name=Tilbury B Power Station

}} || 750 || [57][58]

2 Alholmens Kraft Power Station  Finland 42|07|N|22|42|35|E| name=Alholmens Kraft Power Station

}} || 265 || [59][60]

3 Połaniec Power Station  Poland 08|05|N|21|20|14|E| name=Połaniec Power Station

}} || 205 || [58]

4 Rodenhuize Power Station  Belgium 8|4.88|N|3|46|35.94|E| name=Rodenhuize Power Station

}} || 180 || [61]

5 Wisapower Power Station  Finland 150 [58]

Geothermal

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Hellisheiði Power Station  Iceland 02|14|N|21|24|03|W| name=Hellisheidi Power Station

}} || 303|| [62]

2 Malitbog Geothermal Power Station  Philippines 09|07|N|124|38|58|E| name=Wayang Windu Geothermal Power Station

}} || 233 || [63]

3 Wayang Windu Geothermal Power Station  Indonesia 12|00|S|107|37|30|E| name=Wayang Windu Geothermal Power Station

}} || 227 || [64]

4 Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station II  Mexico 23|27|N|115|13|33|W| name=Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station

}} || 220 || [65][66]

5 Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station III  Mexico 23|52|N|115|14|18|W| name=Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station

}} || 220 || [65][66]

Hydroelectric

Conventional

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Three Gorges Dam  China 49|15|N|111|00|08|E| name=Three Gorges Dam

}} || 22,500 || [1][2]

2 Itaipu Dam  Brazil
 Paraguay
24|31|S|54|35|21|W| name=Itaipu Dam

}} || 14,000 || [11][12]

3 Guri Dam  Venezuela 45|59|N|62|59|57|W| name=Guri Dam

}} || 10,235 || [14]

4 Tucuruí Dam  Brazil 49|53|S|49|38|36|W| name=Tucuruí Dam

}} || 8,370 || [15]

5 Grand Coulee Dam  United States 57|23|N|118|58|56|W| name=Grand Coulee Dam

}} || 6,809 || [18]

Pumped-storage

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Bath County Pumped Storage Station  United States 12|32|N|79|48|00|W| name=Bath County Pumped-storage Station

}} || 3,003 || [67]

2 Huizhou Pumped Storage Power Station  China 16|07|N|114|18|50|E| name=Huizhou Pumped Storage Power Station

}} || 2,448 || [68][69]

3 Guangdong Pumped Storage Power Station  China 45|52|N|113|57|12|E| name=Guangzhou Pumped Storage Power Station

}} || 2,400 || [70][71]

4 Okutataragi Pumped Storage Power Station  Japan 14|13|N|134|49|55|E| name=Okutataragi Hydroelectric Power Station

}} || 1,932 || [72]

5 Ludington Pumped Storage Power Plant  United States 53|37|N|86|26|43|W| name=Ludington Pumped Storage Power Plant

}} || 1,872 || [73][74]

Run-of-the-river

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Chief Joseph Dam  United States 59|43|N|119|38|00|W| name=Chief Joseph Dam

}} || 2,620 || [75]

2 John Day Dam  United States 52|49|N|120|41|40|W| name=John Day Dam

}} || 2,160 || [76][77]

3 Beauharnois Hydroelectric Power Station  Canada 18|50|N|73|54|32|W| name=Beauharnois Pumped-storage Station

}} || 1,903 || [78][79]

4 The Dalles Dam  United States 36|44|N|121|08|04|W| name=The Dalles Dam

}} || 1,779.8 || [77][80]

5 Nathpa Jhakri Dam  India 33|50|N|77|58|49|E| name=Nathpa Jhakri Dam

}} || 1,500 || [81]

Tide

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Station  South Korea 18|47|N|126|36|46|E| name=Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Station

}} || 254 || [82]

2 Rance Tidal Power Station  France 37|05|N|02|01|24|W| name=Rance Tidal Power Station

}} || 240 || [83]

3 Annapolis Royal Generating Station  Canada 45|07|N|65|30|40|W| name=Annapolis Royal Generating Station

}} || 20 || [83]

4 Jiangxia Tidal Power Station  China 20|34|N|121|14|25|E| name=Jiangxia Tidal Power Station

}} || 3.9 || [83][84]

5 Kislaya Guba Tidal Power Station  Russia 22|37|N|33|04|34|E| name=Kislaya Guba Tidal Power Station

}} || 1.7 || [83]

Solar power

Flat-panel photovoltaic

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Agua Caliente Solar Project  United States 57|20|N|113|29|40|W| name=Agua Caliente

}} || 251.3 || [85][86][87][88]

2 Charanka Solar Park  India 54|00|N|71|11|00|E| name=Charanka Solar Park

}} || 214 || [89]

3 Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park  China 22|00|N|95|15|00|E| name=Golmud Solar Park

}} || 200 || [90][91][92]

4 Solarpark Meuro  Germany 32|00|N|13|55|00|E| name=Solarpark Meuro

}} || 166 || [93]

5 Mesquite Solar project  United States 20|00|N|112|55|00|W| name=Mesquite Solar project

}} || 150 || [94]

Concentrated photovoltaic

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Alamosa Solar Generating Project  United States   37 [95]
2 Navarra Solar Park  Spain   7.8 [96]
3 Hatch Photovoltaic Power Plant  United States   5 [97]
4 Casaquemada Photovoltaic Power Plant  Spain   1.9 [98]
5 Sevilla Photovoltaic Power Plant  Spain 25|18|N|06|15|25|W| name=Sevilla Photovoltaic Power Plant

}} || 1.2 || [99]

6 (tie) Victor Valley College CPV Plant  United States 28|31|N|117|15|46|W| name=Victor Valley College CPV Farm

}} || 1 || [100]

6 (tie) Questa Photovoltaic Power Plant  United States 42|31|N|105|37|09|W| name=Questa Photovoltaic Power Plant

}} || 1 || [101]

Concentrated solar thermal

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 SEGS VIII, IX  United States 01|53|N|117|21|23|W| name=SEGS VIII, IX

}} || 160 || [102]

2 SEGS III-VII  United States 00|51|N|117|33|23|W| name=SEGS III-VII

}} || 150 || [102]

2 Solnova Solar Power Station  Spain 25|00|N|06|17|20|W| name=Solnova Solar Power Station

}} || 150 || [103][104]

2 Andasol Solar Power Station  Spain 13|43|N|03|04|07|W| name=Andasol Solar Power Station

}} || 150 || [105][106]

2 Extresol Solar Power Station  Spain 39|N|6|44|W name=Extresol Solar Power Station

}} || 150 || [107][108][109]

Wave

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Aguçadoura Wave Farm  Portugal 25|57|N|08|50|33|W| name=Aguçadoura Wave Farm

}} || 2.25 || [110][111]

2 Islay Limpet  United Kingdom 41|24|N|06|31|15|W| name=Islay Limpet

}} || 0.5 || [112][113]

3 Mutriku Breakwater Wave Plant  Spain 18|26|N|2|23|6|W|region:ES_type:city name=

}} || 0.3 || [114][115][116]

4 SDE Sea Waves Power Plant  Israel 05|59|N|34|46|24|E| name=SDE Sea Waves Power Plant

}} || 0.04 || [117]

Wind

Onshore

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Alta Wind Energy Center  United States 1|16|N|118|19|14|W| name=Alta Wind Energy Center

}}|| 1,020 || [118]

2 Shepherds Flat Wind Farm  United States 42|00|N|120|03|36|W| name=Shepherds Flat Wind Farm

}}|| 845 || [119]

3 Roscoe Wind Farm  United States 26|41|N|100|34|23|W| name=Roscoe Wind Farm

}} || 781.5 || [120][121]

4 Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center  United States 19|00|N|99|59|59|W| name=Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center

}} || 735.5 || [122][123]

5 Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm  United States 54|08|N|100|53|56|W| name=Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm

}} || 662.5 || [124]

Offshore


Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 London Array  United Kingdom 38|38|N|1|33|13|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=London Array

}} || 630 || [125]

2 Greater Gabbard  United Kingdom 52|48|N|1|56|24|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Greater Gabbard wind farm

}} || 504 || [126][127]

3 Walney Wind Farm  United Kingdom 2|38.4|N|3|31|19.2|W|type:landmark_region:GB name=Walney Wind Farm

}} || 367 || [128][129]

4 Sheringham Shoal  United Kingdom 7|N|1|8|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm

}} || 315 ||[130][131]

5 Thanet Wind Farm  United Kingdom 25|50.16|N|1|37|59.16|E|type:landmark_region:GB name=Thanet Wind Farm

}} || 300 || [132][133]

See also

References and Notes

Notes

References

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