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List of premiers of the People's Republic of China

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Title: List of premiers of the People's Republic of China  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Zhao Ziyang, Li Peng, Politics of China, Premier of the People's Republic of China, Administrative divisions of China
Collection: Lists of Political Office-Holders in China, Lists of Prime Ministers, Premiers of China
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of premiers of the People's Republic of China

To avoid confusion, all the names on this list follow the Eastern order convention (family name first, given name second) for consistency.

This is a list of the premiers of the People's Republic of China since 1949.

In the People's Republic of China premiers elected by delegation of the National People's Congress every five years also are limited to two terms since the death of Zhou Enlai.

Premiers of the People's Republic of China (1949–present)

The Premiership of PRC was created since the establishment of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949.

Generations of leadership

      First Administration       Second Administration       Third Administration       Hu–Wen Administration       Xi–Li Administration

Portrait Name
Term of office NPC Cabinet
1 Zhou Enlai
Beijing At-large
1 October 1949 15 September 1954 26 years, 99 days CP Zhou I
15 September 1954 18 April 1959 I Zhou II
18 April 1959 21 December 1964 II Zhou III
21 December 1964 4 January 1975 III Zhou IV
4 January 1975 8 January 1976 IV Zhou V
Geneva Conference in 1954, Asian-African Conference, 1972 Nixon visit to China, Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution
Offices: Foreign Minister (1949–1958), CPPC Chairman (1954–1976)
†Died in office (cancer)
2 Hua Guofeng
Hunan At-large
4 February 1976 7 April 1976 4 years, 219 days IV )acting(
7 April 1976 5 March 1978 Hua I
5 March 1978 10 September 1980§ V Hua II
Two Whatevers, Tiananmen Incident, Downfall of the Gang of Four, Sino-Vietnamese War, One Child Policy
Offices: Governor of Hunan (1970–1976), Minister of Public Security (1975–1977), Vice Premier (1975–1976)
§ Ousted
3 Zhao Ziyang
Beijing At-large
10 September 1980 6 June 1983 7 years, 75 days V )acting(
6 June 1983 24 November 1987§ VI Zhao
Chinese economic reform, Sino-British Joint Declaration, Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
Offices: Governor of Guangdong (1974–1975), Governor of Sichuan (1975–1980)
§ Resigned
4 Li Peng
Beijing At-large
24 November 1987 25 March 1988 10 years, 113 days VI )acting(
25 March 1988 15 March 1993 VII Li P. I
15 March 1993 17 March 1998 VIII Li P. II
Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong
Offices: Chairman of State Education Commission (1985–1988), Vice Premier (1983–1987)
5 Zhu Rongji
Hunan At-large
17 March 1998 16 March 2003 4 years, 364 days IX Zhu
World Trade Organization
Offices: Mayor of Shanghai (1987–1991), Governor of People's Bank of China (1993–1995), First-ranking Vice Premier (1993–1998)
6 Wen Jiabao
Gansu At-large
16 March 2003 16 March 2008 9 years, 364 days X Wen I
16 March 2008 15 March 2013 XI Wen II
SARs outbreak, Anti-Secession Law, H5N1 avian flu outbreak, 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Beijing Olympics, Shanghai Expo
Offices: Vice Premier (1998–2003)
7 Li Keqiang
Shandong At-large
15 March 2013 Incumbent 2 years, 307 days XII Li Y.
Offices: First-ranking Vice Premier (2008–2013)

See also


  • China Online Encyclopedia
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