List of rulers of the Delhi Sultanate

The dynasties which ruled in the Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526) are as following:

Slave (Ghulam) or Mamluk Dynasty

The Mamluk Dynasty or Slave Dynasty, directed into India by Qutb-ud-din Aybak, a Turkic general of Central Asian birth, was the first of five unrelated dynasties to rule India's Delhi Sultanate from 1206 to 1290.[1][2] Aibak's tenure as a Ghorid administrator ranged between 1192 to 1206, a period during which he led invasions into the Gangetic heartland of India and established control over some of the new areas.

Ruler Reign Notes
Qutbuddin Aibak (1206–1210) Founder of the Slave Dynasty.
Aram Shah (1210–1211) Eldest son of Aibak
Shams ud din Iltutmish (1211–1236) Son-in-law of Aibak
Rukn ud din Firuz (1236) Son of Iltutmish.
Raziyat ud din Sultana (1236–1240) Daughter of Iltutmish.
Muiz ud din Bahram (1240–1242) Son of Iltutmish.
Ala ud din Masud (1242–1246) Son of Rukn-ud-din Firuz.
Nasir ud din Mahmud (1246–1266) Son of Iltutmish.
Ghiyas ud din Balban (1266–1286) Son-in-law of Iltutmish.
Muiz ud din Qaiqabad (1286–1290) Grandson (on daughter's side) of Nasir-ud-din Mahmud [1246-1266].
Kayumars 1290 Son of Muiz-ud-din Qaiqabad.

Khilji dynasty

The Khilji (or Khalji; Persian: سلطنت خلجی - Sulṭanat-e Khaljī; Hindi: सलतनत ख़िलजी) was a dynasty of Turkic origin[2] who ruled large parts of South Asia from 1290 - 1320.[3] They were the second Muslim dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India. Led by their powerful ruler, Alauddin Ghiljai, they are noted in history for repeatedly defeating the warring Mongols[4] and thereby saving India from plundering raids and attacks.

Ruler Reign Notes
Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji 1290–1296 Son of Qaim Khan (Yulak Khan of Qunduz), and also the founder of the Khilji Dynasty.
Alauddin Khilji 1296–1316
Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah 1316–1320

Tughlaq Dynasty

The Tughlaq Dynasty (Persian: سلسلہ تغلق) of north India started in 1321 in Delhi when Ghazi Tughlaq assumed the throne under the title of Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq. The Tughluqs were a Muslim family of Turkic origin. Their rule relied on their alliances with Turkic, Afghan, and other Muslim warriors from outside South Asia.

Ruler Reign Notes
Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq 1321–1325
Muhammad bin Tughluq 1325–1351 aka Muhammad Shah II
Mahmud Ibn Muhammad 1351 (March)
Firuz Shah Tughlaq 1351–1388
Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq II 1388–1389
Abu Bakr Shah 1389–1390
Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III 1390–1393
Ala-ud-Din Sikandar Shah I 1393 (March–April)
Mahmud Nasir ud din 1393–1394 Sultan Mahmud II (real name). Ruled in Delhi.
Nusrat Shah 1394–1399 Grandson of Firuz Shah Tughlaq, controlled the west from Firozabad.
Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah 1399–1413 Son of Mahmud Nasir-ud- din, controlled the east from Delhi.

Sayyid Dynasty

The Sayyid dynasty ruled Delhi sultanate in India from 1414 to 1451. They succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled that sultanate until they were displaced by the Lodi dynasty.

This family claimed to be Sayyids, or descendants of Prophet Muhammad. The central authority of the Delhi Sultanate had been fatally weakened by the successive invasion of Timur (Tamerlane) and his sack of Delhi in 1398. After a period of chaos, when no central authority prevailed, the Sayyids gained power in Delhi. They remained a vassal of the Timuroids of Central Asia. Their 37-year period of dominance witnessed the rule of four different members of the dynasty.

Ruler Reign Notes
Khizr Khan 1414–1421
Mubarak Shah 1421–1434
Muhammad Shah 1434–1445
Alam Shah 1445–1451

Lodi Dynasty

Lodi Dynasty (Pashto: د لوديانو واکمني) was a Ghilzai Afghan dynasty, who ruled over the Delhi Sultanate during its last phase. The dynasty founded by Bahlol Lodi ruled from 1451 to 1526. The last ruler of this dynasty, Ibrahim Lodi was defeated and killed by Babur in the first Battle of Panipat on April 20, 1526.

Ruler Reign Notes
Bahlol Lodi 1451–1489 Founder of the Lodi Dynasty
Sikander Lodi 1489–1517
Ibrahim Lodi 1517–1526 Defeated by Babur in the First battle of Panipat (in 1526) and thus ending the Delhi Sultanate

See also

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