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List of tallest buildings in Chicago

 

List of tallest buildings in Chicago

Tallest buildings in Chicago
View of Chicago from Willis Tower, looking to the northeast

Chicago, the third-largest city in the United States, is home to 1,264 completed high-rises,[1] 107 of which stand taller than 500 feet (152 m). The tallest building in the city is the 108–story Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower), which rises 1,451 feet (442 m) in the Chicago Loop and was completed in 1974.[2][3] Sears Tower was the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1998, when it was overtaken by the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; it remained the tallest building in the United States until May 10, 2013 when it was overtaken by One World Trade Center in New York City.[4] The second-, third- and fourth-tallest buildings in Chicago are the Trump International Hotel & Tower, the Aon Center and the John Hancock Center, respectively. Of the ten tallest buildings in the United States, four are located in Chicago.[5] As of February 2013, the entire city has 105 buildings at least 500 feet (152 m) tall.[6] Based on the average height of its ten tallest completed buildings, Chicago has the tallest skyline in the country and the third-tallest in the world.[7]

Chicago is the birthplace of the skyscraper.[8][9] The Home Insurance Building, completed in 1885, is regarded as the world's first skyscraper. This building used the steel-frame method, innovated in Chicago. It was originally built with 10 stories, a supertall height in the 1800s, to a height of 138 feet (42 m), making it the tallest building in the world. It was later expanded to 12 stories with a height of 180 feet (55 m). The building was demolished in 1931.[10][11] New York City then began building skyscrapers as Chicago had done, and the two cities were virtually the only cities in the world with huge skylines for many decades. Chicago has always played a prominent role in the development of skyscrapers and three past buildings have been the tallest building in the United States. Being the inventor of the skyscraper, Chicago went through a very early high-rise construction boom that lasted from the early 1920s to the late 1930s, during which 11 of the city's 91 tallest buildings were constructed. The city then went through an even much larger building boom that has lasted from the early 1960s. The tallest buildings are concentrated in various downtown districts such as the Loop, Streeterville, River North, the South Loop, and the West Loop. Other high-rises extend north along the waterfront into North Side districts such as the Gold Coast, Lincoln Park, Lakeview, Uptown and Edgewater. Some high-rises also extend south from downtown along the waterfront to South Side districts such as Kenwood, Hyde Park, and South Shore.

Several new skyscrapers were constructed in the city throughout the 2000s, including the Trump International Hotel & Tower. The planned 2,000-foot (610 m) Chicago Spire, which would be located in the Streeterville neighborhood, would become the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere if completed.[12] As of August 2014 there were 10 skyscrapers under construction in Chicago.[13]

Contents

  • Tallest buildings 1
  • Tallest buildings by pinnacle height 2
  • Tallest under construction or proposed 3
    • Under Construction 3.1
    • Proposed 3.2
    • Cancelled or Distressed 3.3
  • Timeline of tallest buildings 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8
The 2010 Chicago skyline as seen from the Adler Planetarium (Use cursor to identify buildings)

Tallest buildings

This list ranks Chicago skyscrapers that stand at least 550 feet (168 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This height includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year of completion.

Rank Name Image Height
ft (m)
Floors Year Coordinates Notes
01.01 Willis Tower 1,450 (442) 108 1974 Formerly known as Sears Tower; 2nd-tallest building in the United States, joint 13th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in the world from 1974 until 1998; tallest building completed in the world in the 1970s.[2][3][4]
02.02 Trump International Hotel and Tower 1,389 (423) 98 2009 4th-tallest building in the United States; tallest building completed in the United States in the first decade of the 21st century.[14][15]
03.03 Aon Center 1,136 (346) 83 1973 7th-tallest building in the United States; formerly known as the Standard Oil Building.[16][17]
04.04 John Hancock Center 1,127 (344) 100 1969 8th-tallest building in the United States; tallest building constructed in the world in the 1960s; first building in the world outside of New York City to rise at least 1,000 feet (305 m).[18][19]
05.05 Franklin Center North Tower 1,007 (307) 61 1989 Formerly known as the AT&T Corporate Center; 13th-tallest building in the United States; tallest building constructed in Chicago in the 1980s.[20][21]
06.06 Two Prudential Plaza 995 (303) 64 1990 16th-tallest building in the United States; tallest building constructed in Chicago in the 1990s.[22][23]
07.07 311 South Wacker Drive 961 (293) 65 1990 21st-tallest building in the United States.[24][25]
08.08 900 North Michigan 871 (266) 66 1989 [26][27]
09.09 Water Tower Place 859 (262) 74 1976 [28][29]
10.010 Aqua 859 (262) 82 2009 One of tallest buildings in the world designed by a female-led architectural firm; first skyscraper in Chicago to contain a hotel, condominiums, apartments and retail space.[30][31][32][33]
11.011 Chase Tower 850 (259) 60 1969 Also known as First National Plaza.[34][35]
12.012 Park Tower 844 (257) 67 2000 [36][37]
13.013 The Legacy at Millennium Park 822 (251) 73 2010 [38][39]
14.014 300 North LaSalle 784 (239) 60 2009 [40][41]
15.015 Three First National Plaza 767 (234) 57 1981 [42][43]
16.016 Chicago Title and Trust Center 755 (230) 50 1992 [44][45]
17.017 Blue Cross Blue Shield Tower 743 (226) 57 2010 First phase completed in 1997; 24–floor vertical expansion completed in 2010.[46][47]
18.018 One Museum Park 726 (221) 62 2009 Tallest all-residential building in Chicago; tallest building on the South Side of Chicago; tallest building in the city located outside of the Chicago Loop and the Near North Side.[48][49]
19.019 Olympia Centre 725 (221) 63 1986 [50][51]
20.020 330 North Wabash 695 (212) 52 1973 Also known as the IBM Building.[52][53]
21.021 Waldorf Astoria Chicago 686 (209) 60 2010 [54][55]
22.022 111 South Wacker Drive 681 (208) 51 2005 [56][57]
23.023 181 West Madison Street 680 (207) 50 1990 [58][59]
24.024 Hyatt Center 679 (207) 48 2005 [60][61]
25.025 One Magnificent Mile 673 (205) 57 1983 [62][63]
26.026 340 on the Park 672 (205) 64 2007 [64][65]
27.027 77 West Wacker Drive 668 (204) 49 1992 Formerly known as the United Building and the R.R. Donnelley Building.[66][67]
28.028 One North Wacker 652 (199) 50 2001 Also known as the UBS Tower.[68][69]
29.029 Richard J. Daley Center 648 (198) 32 1965 Tallest flat-roofed building in the world that contains fewer than 40 floors.[70][71]
30.030 55 East Erie Street 647 (197) 56 2003 2nd-tallest all-residential building in Chicago.[72][73]
31.031 Lake Point Tower 645 (197) 70 1968 Shortest building in the world to contain 70 floors.[74][75]
32.032 River East Center 644 (196) 58 2001 [76][77]
33.033 Grand Plaza I 641 (195) 57 2003 [78][79]
34.034 155 North Wacker 638 (195) 45 2009 [80][81]
35.035 Leo Burnett Building 635 (194) 50 1989 [82][83]
36.036 The Heritage at Millennium Park 631 (192) 57 2005 [84][85]
36.036 OneEleven 630 (192) 59 2014 Formally 111 W. Wacker and Waterview Tower.[86]
37.037 NBC Tower 627 (191) 37 1989 [87][88]
38.038 353 North Clark 624 (190) 44 2009 [89][90]
39.039 Millennium Centre 610 (186) 58 2003 [91][92]
40.040 Chicago Place 608 (185) 49 1991 [93][94]
41.041 Chicago Board of Trade Building 605 (184) 44 1930 Tallest Art Deco building in the world outside of New York City; tallest building constructed in the city in the 1930s.[95][96]
42.042= One Prudential Plaza 601 (183) 41 1955 Tallest building constructed in Chicago in the 1950s.[97][98]
43.042= CNA Center 601 (183) 44 1972 [99][100]
44.044 Heller International Building 600 (183) 45 1992 Tallest building in the city west of the Chicago River.[101][102]
45.045 Madison Plaza 599 (182) 44 1982 [103][104]
46.046 One Museum Park West 595 (181) 54 2010 [105][106]
47.047 1000 Lake Shore Plaza 590 (180) 55 1964 [107][108]
48.048 The Clare at Water Tower 589 (179) 52 2008 [109][110]
49.049 Citigroup Center 588 (179) 42 1987 [111][112]
50.050 Mid-Continental Plaza 583 (178) 49 1972 [113][114]
51.051 Crain Communications Building 582 (177) 41 1983 [115][116]
52.052 North Pier Apartments 581 (177) 61 1990 [117][118]
53.053 Citadel Center 580 (177) 39 2003 [119][120]
54.054 The Fordham 574 (175) 52 2003 [121][122]
55.055 190 South LaSalle Street 573 (175) 40 1987 [123][124]
56.056 One South Dearborn 571 (174) 39 2005 [125][126]
57.057 Onterie Center 570 (174) 58 1986 [127][128]
58.058 Loews Hotel Tower 569 (174) 52 2015 Tallest building built in the city in 2015.
59.059 Chicago Temple Building 568 (173) 21 1924 Tallest building constructed in the city in the 1920s.[129][130]
60.060 Palmolive Building 565 (172) 37 1929 [131][132]
6161= Marina City I 562 (171) 61 1964 [133][134]
61.061= Marina City II 562 (171) 61 1964 [135][136]
63.063= Huron Plaza 560 (171) 56 1983 [137][138]
64.063= Boeing International Headquarters 560 (171) 36 1990 [139][140]
65.065= The Parkshore 556 (169) 56 1991 [141][142]
66.065= North Harbor Tower 556 (169) 55 1988 [143][144]
67.067 Civic Opera House 555 (169) 45 1929 [145]
68.068 Streeter Place 554 (169) 55 2009 [146][147]
68.069= Newberry Plaza 553 (169) 53 1974 [148][149]
69.069= Michigan Plaza South 553 (169) 46 1985 [150][151]
70.069= 30 North LaSalle 553 (169) 44 1975 [152][153]
71.072 Pittsfield Building 551 (168) 38 1927 [154][155]
72.073= Harbor Point 550 (168) 54 1975 [156][157]
73.073= One South Wacker 550 (168) 40 1982 [158][159]

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height

This list ranks Chicago skyscrapers based on their pinnacle height, which includes radio masts and antennas. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Tallest buildings in Chicago by pinnacle height.
Pinn.
Rank
Std.
Rank
Name Pinnacle
height
ft (m)
Standard
height
ft (m)
Floors Year Source
1 1 Willis Tower 1,730 (527) 1,451 (442) 108 1974 [4]
2 4 John Hancock Center 1,500 (457) 1,127 (344) 100 1969 [19]
3 2 Trump International Hotel and Tower 1,389 (423) 1,389 (423) 98 2009 [15]
4 3 Aon Center 1,136 (346) 1,136 (346) 83 1973 [17]
5 5 Franklin Center North Tower 1,007 (307) 887 (270) 61 1989 [21]
6 6 Two Prudential Plaza 995 (303) 995 (303) 64 1990 [23]
7 7 311 South Wacker Drive 961 (293) 961 (293) 65 1990 [25]
8 42 One Prudential Plaza 912 (278) 601 (183) 41 1955 [98]
9 8 900 North Michigan 871 (266) 871 (266) 66 1989 [27]
10 9 Water Tower Place 859 (262) 859 (262) 74 1976 [29]

Tallest under construction or proposed

Under Construction

This lists buildings that are under construction in Chicago and are planned to rise at least 300 feet (91 m). Buildings whose construction is on-hold are also included. A floor count of 30 stories is used as the cutoff for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers.

Name Height*
ft (m)
Floors* Year*
(est.)
Notes
150 North Riverside 752 (229) 54 2017 [160]
200 North Riverside Plaza (River Point) 730 (222) 52 2017 [161]
Optima Chicago II 587 (179) 42 - [162]
Wolf Point West Tower 493 (150) 48 2016 Topped out [163]
545 North McClurg 490 (150) 47 - [164]
200 North Michigan 488 (149) 41 2016 [165]
The Ability Institute of RIC 480 (146) 27 2017 [166]
1001 S. State 450 (137) 41 2017 [167]
845 North State 410 (125) 35 2015 [166]
Northwestern Outpatient Center 404 (123) 24 2014 [166]
25 West Randolph (Block 37) 400 (121) 38 - [168]
155 W. Superior St. 382 (116) 35 - [169]
Arkadia 355 (108) 33 - [166]
Eight O Five 345 (105) 33 2015 Topped out [170]

Proposed

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in Chicago and that are planned to rise at least 325 feet (99 m). A floor count of 50 stories is used as the cutoff for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers.

Name Height*
ft (m)
Image Floors* Year*
(est.)
Notes
Wanda Vista 1148 (350) 88 Would become the third tallest building in Chicago upon completion.[171]
1000 South Michigan 1035 (314) 86 -
Grupo Posada Tower 82 2017
Wolf Point South Tower 950 (289) 75 2017 [172]
451 East Grand Avenue 843 (259) 68 2017 [173][174]
The Chicago 70 [175][176]
Wolf Point East Tower 750 (228) 60 2017 [172]
130 North Franklin 700 (214) 48 [177]
201 North Columbus 645 (196) 60 [178]
Garvey Tower 50 [179]
465 North Park 500 (150) 57 [180]
Atrium Village redevelopment tower I 44 Approved [181]
Atrium Village redevelopment tower II Approved [181]
Atrium Village redevelopment tower III Approved [181]
Atrium Village redevelopment tower IV 32 2018 Approved [181]

Cancelled or Distressed

Name Height*
ft (m)
Image Floors* Year*
(est.)
Notes
Chicago World Trade Center 2300 (700) 185 - It was cancelled in the 1990s
Chicago Spire (400 North Lakeshore) 2000 (610) 150 - The original plan has been cancelled. Chicago Magazine showcased several proposals for the site.[182]
Old Chicago Main Post Office Twin Towers 2000 (610) 120 - Proposed July 21, 2011 and approved July 18, 2013; cancelled December 2014.
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel and Residence Tower 1358 (414) 111 - Proposed in 2009 and cancelled in 2012.

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding expected building heights, floor counts or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Timeline of tallest buildings

This is a list of buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Chicago. Of all the buildings that have held the title, only Willis Tower has also held the title of world's tallest building.

Name Years as tallest Height
ft ([m)
Floors Notes
First Holy Name Cathedral[A] 1854–1869 245 (75) 1 [183]
Saint Michael's Church 1869–1885 290 (88) 1 [184]
Chicago Board of Trade Building[B] 1885–1895 322 (98) 10 [185]
Masonic Temple Building 1895–1899[C] 302 (92) 21 [186]
Montgomery Ward Building[D] 1899–1922 394 (120) 22 [187]
Wrigley Building 1922–1924 438 (134) 30 [188]
Chicago Temple Building 1924–1930 568 (173) 23 [130]
Chicago Board of Trade Building 1930–1965 605 (184) 44 [96]
Richard J. Daley Center 1965–1969 648 (198) 32 [71]
John Hancock Center 1969–1973 1,127 (344) 100 [19]
Aon Center 1973–1974 1,136 (346) 83 [17]
Willis Tower 1974–present 1,451 (442) 108 [4]

See also

Notes

A. ^ This building was destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, and replaced by the current cathedral of the same name in 1875.
B. ^ The clock tower on this building was removed in 1895, allowing a shorter building to become the tallest in the city.
C. ^ The Masonic Temple, built in 1892, became the tallest in Chicago three years later when the Board of Trade Building had its clock tower removed.
D. ^ This building is currently 282 feet (86 m) tall, following the removal of a pyramid top and sculpture.

References

General
  • "Tallest Buildings in Chicago". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
Specific
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  7. ^ "Tallest_25_Skylines_Cities". ultrapolisproject.com. The Ultrapolis Project. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
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  36. ^ "Park Tower". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
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  38. ^ "The Legacy at Millennium Park". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
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  42. ^ "Three First National Plaza". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
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  44. ^ "Chicago Title & Trust Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
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  46. ^ "Blue Cross-Blue Shield Tower". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
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  48. ^ "One Museum Park". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
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  50. ^ "Olympia Centre". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  51. ^ "Olympia Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  52. ^ "330 North Wabash". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  53. ^ "IBM Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  54. ^ "Waldorf Astoria Chicago". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  55. ^ "Elysian". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  56. ^ "111 South Wacker". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  57. ^ "111 South Wacker". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  58. ^ "181 West Madison". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  59. ^ "181 West Madison". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  60. ^ "Hyatt Center". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  61. ^ "Hyatt Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  62. ^ "One Magnificent Mile". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  63. ^ "One Magnificent Mile". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  64. ^ "340 on the Park". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
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  68. ^ "UBS Tower". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
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  70. ^ "Richard J. Daley Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
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  72. ^ "55 East Erie". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  73. ^ "55 East Erie". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  74. ^ "Lake Point Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
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  76. ^ "River East Center". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  77. ^ "River East - River East Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  78. ^ "Grand Plaza Apartments". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
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  82. ^ "Leo Burnett Building". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
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  84. ^ "The Heritage at Millennium Park". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
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  86. ^ "OneEleven". 
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  88. ^ "NBC Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  89. ^ "353 North Clark". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  90. ^ "353 North Clark". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  91. ^ "Millennium Centre". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  92. ^ "Millennium Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  93. ^ "Chicago Place". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
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  97. ^ "One Prudential Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
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  99. ^ "CNA Center". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  100. ^ "CNA Plaza North". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  101. ^ "Heller International Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  102. ^ "Heller International Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  103. ^ "Madison Plaza". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  104. ^ "Madison Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  105. ^ "One Museum Park West". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  106. ^ "Central Station - One Museum Park West". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  107. ^ "1000 Lake Shore Plaza". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  108. ^ "1000 Lake Shore Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  109. ^ "The Clare at Water Tower". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  110. ^ "The Clare at Water Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  111. ^ "Citigroup Center". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  112. ^ "Citicorp Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  113. ^ "Mid-Continental Plaza". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  114. ^ "Mid-Continental Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  115. ^ "Crain Communications Building". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  116. ^ "Smurfit-Stone Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  117. ^ "474 North Lake Shore Drive". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  118. ^ "North Pier Apartments". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  119. ^ "Citadel Center". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  120. ^ "Citadel Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  121. ^ "The Fordham". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  122. ^ "The Fordham". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  123. ^ "190 South LaSalle". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  124. ^ "190 South LaSalle". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  125. ^ "One South Dearborn". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  126. ^ "One South Dearborn". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  127. ^ "Onterie Center". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
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  129. ^ "Chicago Temple Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
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  131. ^ "Palmolive Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  132. ^ "Palmolive Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  133. ^ "Marina City I". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
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  135. ^ "Marina City II". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
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  137. ^ "Huron Plaza". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  138. ^ "Huron Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  139. ^ "Boeing World Headquarters". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  140. ^ "Boeing World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  141. ^ "The Parkshore". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  142. ^ "The Parkshore". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  143. ^ "North Harbor Tower". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  144. ^ "North Harbor Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  145. ^ "Civic Opera Building". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  146. ^ "Streeter Place". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  147. ^ "The Streeter II". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2010-02-26. 
  148. ^ "Newberry Plaza". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  149. ^ "Newberry Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  150. ^ "Michigan Plaza South". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
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  153. ^ "30 North LaSalle". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
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  155. ^ "Pittsfield Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  156. ^ "Harbor Point". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  157. ^ "Harbor Point". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  158. ^ "One South Wacker". Phorio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  159. ^ "One South Wacker". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
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  161. ^ "200 North Riverside Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
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  175. ^ "Roosevelt and Michigan". Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
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  177. ^ "130 North Franklin". Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  178. ^ http://forum.skyscraperpage.com/showthread.php?t=213523&page=9
  179. ^ "Build an 82-Story Building in Chicago by 2017? Good Luck With That". 
  180. ^ http://chicago.curbed.com/archives/2015/06/11/new-apartment-highrise-proposed-for-streeterville.php
  181. ^ a b c d http://chicago.curbed.com/archives/2015/06/15/atrium-village-3.php
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  184. ^ "St. Michael's Church". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  185. ^ "Board of Trade Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  186. ^ "Masonic Temple". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
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  188. ^ "Wrigley Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 

External links

  • Diagram of Chicago skyscrapers on SkyscraperPage.com
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