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List of the most intense tropical cyclones

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Title: List of the most intense tropical cyclones  
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Subject: 1997–98 South Pacific cyclone season, Timeline of the 2007 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, 2010 Pacific typhoon season, Cyclone Monica, 1981–82 South Pacific cyclone season, Cyclone Ului
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List of the most intense tropical cyclones


In the available records, a total of 70 tropical cyclones attained a pressure of less than 900 hPa (mbar) (26.56 inHg), most of which occurred in the Western North Pacific Ocean. The strongest tropical cyclone recorded worldwide, as measured by minimum central pressure, was Typhoon Tip, which reached a pressure of 870 hPa (25.69 inHg) on October 12, 1979.[1]

The following list is subdivided by basins. Data listed are provided by the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, unless otherwise noted.

North Atlantic Ocean

Storms with an intensity of 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) or less are listed.

Most intense Atlantic hurricanes
Intensity is measured solely by central pressure
Rank Hurricane Season Min. pressure
hPa inHg
1 Wilma 2005 882 26.0
2 Gilbert 1988 888 26.2
3 "Labor Day" 1935 892 26.3
4 Rita 2005 895 26.4
5 Allen 1980 899 26.5
6 Katrina 2005 902 26.6
7 Camille 1969 905 26.7
Mitch 1998 905 26.7
Dean 2007 905 26.7
10 Ivan 2004 910 26.9
"Cuba" 1924 910 26.9
12 Janet 1955 914 27.0
13 "Cuba" 1932 915 27.0
Isabel 2003 915 27.0
15 Opal 1995 916 27.0
16 Hugo 1989 918 27.1
17 Gloria 1985 919 27.1
18 Hattie 1961 920 27.2
Source: Atlantic Hurricane Best Track File 1851-2014 [2]

Eastern Pacific Ocean

Rank Hurricane Year Pressure
hPa inHg
1 Linda 1997 902 26.6
2 Rick 2009 906 28.7
3 Kenna 2002 913 27.0
4 Ava 1973 915 27.0
Ioke 2006 915 27.0
6 Guillermo 1997 919 27.1
7 Gilma 1994 920 27.1
Source:"Eastern Pacific hurricane best track file 1949-2011[3]

Western North Pacific Ocean

Storms with an intensity of 900 hPa (26.58 inHg) or less are listed.

Typhoon Year Pressure
hPa inHg
1 Tip 1979 870 25.7
2 Nora 1973 875 25.8
June 1975
4 Ida 1958 877 25.9
5 Kit 1966 880 26.0
Rita 1978
Vanessa 1984
8 Nina 1953 885 26.1
Joan 1959
Irma 1971
Forrest 1983
Megi 2010
13 Marge 1951 886
14 Ida 1954 890 26.3
Nancy 1961
Emma 1962
Amy 1971
Wynne 1980
Betty 1987
Flo 1990
21 Vera 1959 895 26.4
Violet 1961
Sally 1964
Wilda 1964
Elsie 1969
Patsy 1973
Louise 1976
Elsie 1981
Mac 1982
Abby 1983
Marge 1983
Dot 1985
Ruth 1991
Yuri 1991
35 Tess 1953 900 26.6
Pamela 1954
Virginia 1957
Hester 1957
Lola 1957
Opal 1962
Karen 1962
Sally 1964
Opal 1964
Bess 1965
Carla 1967
Agnes 1968
Viola 1969
Hope 1970
Nina 1975
Elsie 1975
Hope 1979
Bess 1982
Peggy 1986
Holly 1987
Gay 1992
Zeb 1998
Sanba 2012
Source:Typhoon information for the
Western Pacific ocean[4]

North Indian Ocean

Storms with an intensity of 950 hPa (28.1 inHg) or less are listed. Data for storms prior to 1990 is incomplete.[5]

Cyclone Year Pressure
hPa inHg
1 BOB 07 1999 912 26.93
2 BOB 01 1991 918 27.11
3 BOB 04 1977 919 27.14
4 East Pakistan 1963 920 27.17
BOB 01 1990 920 27.17
Gonu 2007 920 27.17
7 Gay 1989 930 27.46
8 ARB 01 2001 932 27.52
9 BOB 01 1979 936 27.64
10 Phailin 2013 940 27.76
BOB 01 1994 940 27.76
12 Sidr 2007 944 27.88
13 ARB 01 1999 946 27.93
14 Arabian Sea 1963 947 27.97
15 Giri 2010 950 28.05
Source:Cyclone Information for
the North Indian Ocean[6]

South-West Indian Ocean

Storms with an intensity of 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) or less are listed.

Cyclone Season Pressure
hPa inHg
1 Gafilo 2003-04 895 26.4 [7]
2 Damia 1981-82 898 26.5 [8]
3 Geralda 1993-94 905 26.7 [9]
Hudah 1999-00 905 26.7 [10]
Hary 2001-02 905 26.7 [11]
Adeline-Juliet 2004–05 905 26.7 [12]
7 Litanne 1993-94 910 26.9 [13]
Dina 2001-02 910 26.9 [11]
Kalunde 2002-03 910 26.9 [14]
Edzani 2009-10 910 26.9 [15]
11 Daryl-Agnielle 1995–96 915 27.0 [16]
Daniella 1996-97 [17]
Pancho-Helinda 1996-97 [18]
Frederic-Evrina 1998-99 [19]
Bento 2004-05 [20]
Carina 2005-06 [21]
Hondo 2007-08 [22]
18 Marlene 1994-95 920 27.2 [23]
Bonita 1995-96 [24]
Guillaume 2001-02 [11]

Australian Region

Storms with an intensity of 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) or less are listed.

Cyclone Season Pressure
hPa inHg
1 Gwenda 1998–99 900 26.6
Inigo 2002–03
3 George 2006–07 902
4 Orson 1988–89 904 26.7
5 Theodore 1993-94 910 26.9
Vance 1998–99
Fay 2003–04
Glenda 2005–06
9 Mahina 1898-99 914 27.0
10 Joan 1975-76 915 27.0
Samy 1979-80
Amy 1979-80
Graham 1991-92
Jane 1991-92
Pancho-Helinda 1996–97
John 1999–00
Paul 1999–00
Chris 2001–02
19 Floyd 2006–07 916
Monica 2006–07
21 Unnamed 1960–61 920 27.2
Kathy 1983-84
Kirsty 1984-85
Rewa 1993-94
Chloe 1994-95
Pancho 1996–97
Thelma 1998–99
Frederic 1998–99
Kara 2006-07
Source:Cyclone Information
for the Australian Region[25]

South Pacific Ocean

Storms with an intensity of 925 hPa (27.3 inHg) or less are listed. Tropical Cyclones that have formed since the start of the 1969-70 Tropical Cyclone year and have reached their peak intensity to the west of 160E are included in the list. The most intense tropical cyclone in the south Pacific, is Cyclone Zoe which formed in 2002, is also the most intense storm in the Southern Hemisphere.

Cyclone Season Peak 10-min
sustained winds
Pressure
Zoe 2002-03 240 km/h (150 mph) 890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Percy 2004-05 230 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Ron 1997-98 230 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Susan 1997-98 230 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Hina 1984-85 220 km/h (140 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
Erica 2002-03 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Heta 2003-04 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Meena 2004-05 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Olaf 2004-05 230 km/h (140 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Ului 2009-10 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Beni 2002-03 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Dovi 2002-03 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Fran 1991-92 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Oscar 1982-83 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Sources:

South Atlantic Ocean

Due to the fact that tropical cyclones in the South Atlantic are rare, there is no official tropical cyclone season for this region. Despite this, there have been several significant tropical cyclones in the South Atlantic region, notably Cyclone Catarina in March 2004. Tropical and subtropical cyclones with an intensity of below 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) are listed.

Cyclone Year Pressure
hPa inHg
1 Catarina 2004 972 28.7
2 Subtropical Cyclone of March 1974 1974 988 29.18
3 Anita 2010 995 29.38
4 Arani 2011 998 29.47
Tropical cyclones in the South Atlantic.[26]

See also

Tropical cyclones portal

References

External links

Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre's
  • US National Hurricane Center – North Atlantic, Eastern Pacific
  • Central Pacific Hurricane Center – Central Pacific
  • Japan Meteorological Agency – North West Pacific
  • India Meteorological Department – North Indian Ocean
  • Météo-France – La Reunion – South-West Indian Ocean from 30°E to 90°E
  • Fiji Meteorological Service – South Pacific west of 160°E, north of 25° S
Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers
  • Indonesian Meteorological Department – South Indian Ocean from 90°E to 125°E, north of 10°S
  • Australian Bureau of Meteorology (TCWC's Perth, Darwin & Brisbane). – South Indian Ocean & South Pacific Ocean from 90°E to 160°E, south of 10°S
  • Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited – South Pacific west of 160°E, south of 25°S
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