World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mahathammaracha I

Article Id: WHEBN0002789023
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mahathammaracha I  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mahathammaracha, Rulers of Sukhothai, 1374 deaths, Year of birth unknown
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mahathammaracha I

Lithai
ลิไทย
King of Sukhothai
King of Siam
Reign 1347–1368
Predecessor Nguanamthom
Successor Mahathammaracha II
Died 1368
Issue Mahathammaracha II
Full name
Phra Maha Thammaracha I
House Phra Ruang Dynasty
Father Lerthai

Mahathammaracha I (Thai: มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๑), born as Lithai (Thai: ลิไทย), was a king of the Sukhothai kingdom, reigning from roughly 1347 until his death in 1368. Lithai was the son of Lerthai, also known as Loethai or LeLue Thai, and the grandson of Ramkhamhaeng. The exact chronology of Lithai's rise to the throne is unclear. Popular tradition names him as the fourth king of Sukhothai, but dynastic records seem to indicate that at least one other king (Nguanamthom) ruled between Lithai and his father, as well as the regent Phaya Sai Songkhram who ruled during Lerthai's absence following the death of Ram Khamhaeng the Great.

Lithai served as uparat during his father's reign from the city of Srisatchanalai, an important urban center of the early Sukhothai kingdom.

Lithai wrote the Tri-Bhumi Phra Ruang ('Three worlds by Phra Ruang', Phra Ruang being the dynastic name of Lithai's linneage), a religious text describing the various world of Buddhist cosmology, and the way in which karma consigns living beings to one world or another. The Ten Virtues of a sovereign were set down as guiding principles for Thai monarchs. The Traiphuum would go on to serve as an important political document, being re-interpreted in response to changes in the domestic and international political scene.[1]:29

Phaya Lithai also built the biggest Buddha image in the northern territory of Siam called Phraputtachinnarat.

According to Buddhapada and restored Wat Mahathat of Sukhothai. He was succeeded by his son Lu Thai[2]:219-220

Sources

  1. ^ Chakrabongse, C., 1960, Lords of Life, London: Alvin Redman Limited
  2. ^  
  • Jackson, Peter. 'Re-Interpreting the Traiphuum Phra Ruang' in Buddhist Trends in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. 1993. ISBN 981-3035-81-1.

See also

Mahathammaracha I
Born: ? Died: 1368
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Nguanamthom
King of Sukhothai
1347–1368
Succeeded by
Mahathammaracha II
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.