World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Liviu Ciulei

Liviu Ciulei (Romanian pronunciation: ; 7 July 1923 – 24 October 2011[1]) was a Romanian theater and film director, film writer, actor, architect, educator, costume and set designer. During a career spanning over 50 years, he was described by Newsweek as "one of the boldest and most challenging figures on the international scene".[2]


  • Biography 1
  • Family 2
  • Death 3
  • Filmography 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6
  • External links 7


Born in Bucharest to Liviu Ciulley [sic], a lawyer and constructor, Ciulei studied architecture and theater at the Royal Conservatory of Music and Theatre. He made his theater debut in 1946, as Puck in an Odeon Theatre production of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream. Soon after, he joined the theater company known as Teatrul Municipal din Bucureşti, later renamed Teatrul Bulandra, and directed his first stage production in 1957 — The Rainmaker.

In 1961, Ciulei gained an overall recognition for his version of Shakespeare's As You Like It. In the same year, he was a member of the jury at the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival.[3] He was the recipient of the Directors' Award at the 1965 Cannes Film Festival for The Forest of the Hanged,[4] the film version of the Liviu Rebreanu's eponymous novel (where he also starred in the role of Klapka). In the 1980s, he was marginalized by the regime and transferred to work at Sahia film studio, as documentary filmmaker.

Ciulei was the artistic director of Teatrul Bulandra for more than a decade. During his tenure at the Bulandra he staged a wide range of classics. His Shakespeare productions include "As You Like it" "Macbeth" and "The Tempest", which was awarded Romania's Critics' Prize for Best Production of 1979. Also at the Bulandra, he staged such European classics as Gorki's "The Lower Depths and "The Children of the Sun", Buchner's "Danton's Death" and "Leonce and Lena", and Brecht's "Threepenny Opera". His productions of American classics include Williams' "A Street Named Desire", Saroyan's "The Time of Your Life", and O'Neill's "Long Day Journey into Night". Ciulei has been guest director in many theaters around the world: in West Berlin, Paris, Göttingen, Düsseldorf, Munich and Vancouver. In Sydney, he won the 1977 Australian Critics'Award for his production of "The Lower Depths". In 1974 he made his American debut at the Arena Stage in Washington, D.C., as director and designer with "Leonce and Lena". In 1980 he directed and created sets for the Shostakovitch opera "The Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" at the Spoleto Festival in Italy: and in May 1982, he redirected the same opera for the Lyric Opera in Chicago. Between 1980-85, he was the artistic director of Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota. At the Guthrie he has directed "The Tempest", "Eve of Retirement", "As You Like it", "Requiem for a Nun", "Peer Gynt", "The Threepenny Opera", "Three Sisters", "Twelfth Night", "A Midsummer Night's Dream."

From 1986-1990, Liviu Ciulei taught directing at Columbia University[5] in the City of New York in the MFA program in theatre arts.[6] Later, NYU made him a richer offer to teach graduate acting, and he accepted an appointment at the university[7] from 1991-1995.

After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, back in his native Romania, Ciulei directed a series of stage productions that have been both publicly and critically acclaimed. He was named Honorary Director of the theater he has always loved the most, Bulandra. Besides being the costume and set designer of the majority of his own productions, Ciulei, as an architect, contributed to the rebuilding of the auditorium of Bulandra Theatre.


He was first married to actress Clody Bertola.[8] He remarried, to journalist Helga Reiter-Ciulei. His son by the second marriage is film director Thomas Ciulei.


Ciulei died on 24 October 2011 in a hospital in Munich, aged 88; he had been suffering from multiple illnesses; his body was incinerated and the subject was brought up in television debates regarding Sergiu Nicolaescu's incineration in 5 ian 2013 as to how the act of incineration is against the romanian christian church.


  • În sat la noi (1951), actor
  • Mitrea Cocor (1951), writer
  • Nepoţii gornistului (1953), actor/writer
  • Răsare soarele (1954), writer
  • Alarmă în munţi (1955), actor
  • Pasărea furtunii (1957), writer
  • Erupţia (1957), director
  • Valurile Dunării (1959), director and actor
  • Soldaţi fără uniformă (1960), actor
  • Cerul n-are gratii (1962), actor
  • Pădurea spânzuraţilor (1964), actor/director
  • Facerea lumii (1971), writer/actor
  • Decolarea (1971), actor
  • Dragostea începe vineri (1972), actor
  • Dimitrie Cantemir (1973), actor
  • Ceaţa (1973), actor
  • Mastodontul (1975), actor
  • O scrisoare pierdută (1977), writer/director
  • Falansterul (1979), actor


  1. ^
  2. ^ at the Guthrie Theater siteTheater History
  3. ^ "2nd Moscow International Film Festival (1961)". MIFF. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  4. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Forest of the Hanged". Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  5. ^ "Liviu Ciulei, a Daring Theater Director, Dies at 88". October 26, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  6. ^ "LIVIU CIULEI FILLS THE EMPTY SPACE". January 15, 2010. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Liviu Ciulei, a Daring Theater Director, Dies at 88". October 25, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ Marriage to Clody Bertola


  • Miruna Runcan, Teatralizarea si reteatralizarea teatrului in Romania. 1920-1960, Cluj, Editura Eik0n, seria Bibilioteca teatrul Imposibil, 2003

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.