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Louisiana gubernatorial election, 1944


Louisiana gubernatorial election, 1944

The Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1944 was held in two rounds on January 18 and February 29, 1944. Like most Southern states between Reconstruction and the civil rights era, Louisiana's Republican Party was virtually nonexistent in terms of electoral support. This meant that the two Democratic Party primaries held on these dates were the real contest over who would be governor. The 1944 election saw the reformer ‘anti-Long’ faction retain power for another four years under Jimmie Davis.

Louisiana's constitution did not allow incumbent governor Sam Jones to succeed himself in a consecutive term. Instead, the reformer forces endorsed Jimmie Davis, a country singer from Shreveport who was then serving as Public Service Commissioner. Davis campaigned on a theme of "Peace and Harmony," and punctuated his campaign stops with performances of "You Are My Sunshine."

Louisiana's Longite faction desired a return to power after being defeated in 1940. Jimmy Morrison of Hammond, Dudley J. LeBlanc of Vermilion Parish, Vincent Moseley, State Senator Ernest S. Clements of Oberlin, the seat of Allen Parish, and Shreveport Mayor Sam Caldwell. Coming amid the grim mood of wartime, the 1944 campaign was widely seen as one of the quietest in years.

Results of First Primary

Candidate Votes received Percent
Jimmie H. Davis 167,434 34.93%
Lewis L. Morgan 131,682 27.47%
Jimmy Morrison 76,081 15.87%
Dudley J. LeBlanc 40,392 8.43%
Sam S. Caldwell 34,335 7.16%
Ernest Clements 20,404 4.26%
Vincent Moseley 7,385 1.54%
Lee Lanier 1,641 0.34%

LeBlanc and Morrison each won a handful of parishes in their respective bases in south Louisiana. Morgan did poorly in much of the state aside from the Long stronghold of Winn Parish and the surrounding area, but the number of votes turned out for him by the Old Regulars in New Orleans propelled him into the runoff. But Davis's popularity in north Louisiana and throughout the state's rural parishes gave him a strong lead.

Results of Second Primary

Candidate Votes received Percent
Jimmie H. Davis 251,228 53.55%
Lewis L. Morgan 217,915 46.45%

In the second primary, Davis was able to pick up many of the votes of candidates defeated in the first primary, particularly in south Louisiana and New Orleans. Davis won with a comfortable majority and became governor.

Preceded by
1940 gubernatorial election
Louisiana gubernatorial elections Succeeded by
1948 gubernatorial election


Morgan D. Peoples. Earl K. Long: The Saga of Uncle Earl and Louisiana Politics, 1990.

Louisiana Secretary of State. Compilation of Primary Election Results of the Democratic Party of the State of Louisiana, 1944.

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