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Luo Guanzhong

Luo Guanzhong
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 羅貫中
Simplified Chinese 罗贯中
Birth name
Traditional Chinese 羅本
Simplified Chinese 罗本
Also known as
Traditional Chinese 湖海散人
Simplified Chinese 湖海散人
Literal meaning Leisure Man of Lakes and Seas
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese La Quán Trung
Chữ Hán 羅貫中
Korean name
Hangul 나관중
Hanja 羅貫中
Japanese name
Kanji 羅貫中
Hiragana らかんちゅう

Luo Ben (c. 1330–1400[1]), better known by his courtesy name Guanzhong (Mandarin pronunciation: ), was a Chinese writer who lived during the Yuan and Ming periods. He was also known by his pseudonym Huhai Sanren (Chinese: 湖海散人; pinyin: Húhǎi Sǎnrén; literally: "Leisure Man of Lakes and Seas"). Luo was attributed with writing Romance of the Three Kingdoms and editing Water Margin, the first two of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature.


  • Identity 1
  • Works 2
  • Bibliography 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Luo is confirmed to have lived in the late Yuan Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty by the record of his contemporary, the playwright Jia Zhongming (賈仲明), who met him in 1364. It states that he was from Taiyuan, while literary historians suggest other possibilities about his home, including Hangzhou and Jiangnan. According to Meng Fanren (孟繁仁), Luo can be identified in the pedigree of the Luo family, and Taiyuan is most likely his hometown.

Recent research has suggested that his date of birth was between 1315-1318.[2]


The stories forming the bulk of Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Water Margin are thought to have been developed by many independent storytellers. Shi Nai'an is thought to be the first to assemble Water Margin into a unified work, and Luo subsequently brought it to the current form of 100 chapters. Luo is usually considered the author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt (平妖傳) is a shenmo fantasy story attributed to Luo with 20 chapters, developed from the original pieces of storytelling based on a rebellion at the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, and later expanded by Feng Menglong (馮夢龍) into 40 chapters. Can Tang Wudai Shi Yanzhuan (殘唐五代史演義傳) is a chronicle of the end of the Tang Dynasty and the following Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, a compilation of storytelling pieces based on the rebellion of Zhu Wen.


  • Romance of the Three Kingdoms
  • Water Margin (editing)
  • The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt (平妖傳)
  • Sansui Pingyao Zhuan (三遂平妖传)
  • Can Tang Wudai Shi Yanzhuan (残唐五代史演義, "The End of Tang Dynasty and the Period of the Five Dynasties")
  • Fenzhuang Lou (粉妝樓, "Cosmetical Building")
  • Sui Tang Zhizhuan (隋唐志傳)
  • Sui Tang Liangchao Zhizhuan (隋唐兩朝志傳, "The Chronicle of the Sui and Tang Dynasties)


  1. ^ Encyclopædia BritannicaLuo Guanzhong.
  2. ^ Ouyang Jian, referenced in Roberts 1991, pg. 938


  • Roberts, Moss, tr. (1991). Three Kingdoms: A Historical Novel. University of California Press.  
  • Yoshikawa Kojiro; Shimizu Shigeru (translators) (16 October 1998), 水滸伝 [Water Margin], Iwanami Shoten 
  • in China in 1999Romance of the Three KingdomsA record of a conference on (Japanese)
  • Zhao Qiping, "Luo Guanzhong",  

External links

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