World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0007293328
Reproduction Date:

Title: MSConfig  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: .NET Framework, Windows 98, WIN.INI, Windows service, Features new to Windows XP
Collection: Configuration Management, Windows 98, Windows Administration, Windows Components
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A component of Microsoft Windows
Screenshot of MSConfig in Windows 8
Other names System Configuration
Microsoft System Configuration Utility
Type System utility
Included with Windows 98
Windows ME
Windows XP
Windows Vista
Windows 7
Windows 8
All versions of Windows Server
Also available for Windows 95
Windows 2000

MSConfig (officially called System Configuration in Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows 8 or Microsoft System Configuration Utility in previous operating systems) is a system utility to troubleshoot the Microsoft Windows startup process. It can disable or re-enable software, device drivers and Windows services that run at startup, or change boot parameters.

It is bundled with all versions of Microsoft Windows operating systems since Windows 98 except Windows 2000. Windows 95 and Windows 2000 users can download the utility as well, although it was not designed for them.


  • Uses 1
  • Features 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4


It is often used for speeding up the Microsoft Windows startup process of the machine. According to Microsoft, [1] MSConfig was not meant to be used as a startup management program.


MSConfig is a troubleshooting tool which is used to temporarily disable or re-enable software, device drivers or Windows services that run during startup process to help the user determine the cause of a problem with Windows.

Some of its functionality varies by Windows versions:[2]

  • In Windows 98 and Windows Me, it can configure advanced troubleshooting settings pertaining to these operating systems. It can also launch common system tools.
  • In Windows 98, it can back up and restore startup files.
  • In Windows Me, it has also been updated with three new tabs called "Static VxDs", "Environment" and "International". The Static VxDs tab allows users to enable or disable static virtual device drivers to be loaded at startup, the Environment tab allows users to enable or disable environment variables, and the International tab allows users to set international language keyboard layout settings that were formerly set via the real-mode MS-DOS configuration files. A "Cleanup" button on the "Startup" tab allows cleaning up invalid or deleted startup entries.
  • In Windows Me and Windows XP versions, it can restore an individual file from the original Windows installation set.
  • On Windows NT-based operating systems prior to Windows Vista, it can set various BOOT.INI switches.
  • In Windows XP and Windows Vista, it can hide all operating system services for troubleshooting.
  • In Windows Vista and later, the tool gained additional support for launching a variety of tools, such as system information, other configuration areas, such as Internet options, and the ability to enable/disable UAC.[3] An update is available for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 that adds the Tools tab.[4] It also allows configuring various switches for Windows Boot Manager and Boot Configuration Data.


  1. ^ "Using System Configuration (MSConfig)". Microsoft. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Larsen, Larry; Richards, Andrew; Beeder, Chad (27 August 2012). "Defrag Tools: #5 - Autoruns and MSConfig". MSDN Channel 9. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Using Msconfig in Windows 7". Solvusoft. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  4. ^ The 906569 update adds the Tools tab to the System Configuration utility in Windows XP Service Pack 2

Further reading

  1. "System Configuration Utility overview". Microsoft Windows XP Professional Product Documentation. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  2. "Using System Configuration". Windows Vista Help. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  3. "How to troubleshoot configuration errors by using the System Configuration utility in Windows (Revision 4.5)". Microsoft Support. Microsoft Corporation. 26 November 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.