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Magnesium bromide

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Magnesium bromide

Magnesium bromide[1]
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY, (anhydrous)
[13446-53-2] (hexahydrate)
[75198-45-7] (decahydrate)
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula MgBr2 (anhydrous)
MgBr2·6H2O (hexahydrate)
Molar mass 184.113 g/mol (anhydrous)
292.204 g/mol (hexahydrate)
Appearance white hygroscopic hexagonal crystals (anhydrous) colorless monoclinic crystals (hexahydrate)
Density 3.72 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
2.07 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)
Melting point 711 °C (1,312 °F; 984 K) 172.4 °C, decomposes (hexahydrate)
Boiling point 1,250 °C (2,280 °F; 1,520 K)
Solubility in water 102 g/100 mL (anhydrous)
316 g/100 mL (0 °C, hexahydrate)
Solubility ethanol: 6.9 g/100 mL
methanol: 21.8 g/100 mL
Structure
Crystal structure Rhombohedral, hP3, SpaceGroup = P-3m1, No. 164
Coordination
geometry
octahedral
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
70 J/mol K
Std molar
entropy
So298
117.2 J·mol-1·K-1
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
-524.3 kJ·mol-1
Hazards
EU Index Not listed
NFPA 704
0
1
0
Related compounds
Other anions magnesium fluoride
magnesium chloride
magnesium iodide
Other cations Beryllium bromide
Calcium bromide
Strontium bromide
Barium bromide
Radium bromide
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY   YesY/N?)

Magnesium bromide (MgBr2) is a chemical compound of magnesium and bromine that is white and deliquescent. It is often used as a mild sedative and as an anticonvulsant for treatment of nervous disorders.[2] It is water soluble and somewhat soluble in alcohol. It can be found naturally in small amounts in some minerals such as: bischofite and carnallite, and in sea water, such as that of the Dead Sea.[3][4]

Synthesis

Magnesium bromide can be synthesized by reacting hydrobromic acid with magnesium oxide and crystallizing the product.[4] It can also be made by reacting magnesium carbonate and hydrobromic acid, and collecting the solid left after evaporation.[3]

An alternative route is adding magnesium to a solution of liquid ammonia and sodium bromide, then evaporating the solvent off and collecting the precipitate.[5]

Uses

Magnesium bromide is used as a catalyst for many reactions, typically as a solvent or used as a lithium, potassium, and sodium could be used. The magnesium silylenoid is synthesized through the addition of magnesium bromide to lithium lithium methyl bromosilylenoid. The magnesium atom replaces the lithium in the complex and has a bromide attached to it. This complex is stable at room temperature.[10]

References

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998). Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. pp. 4–67.  
  2. ^ Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0-07-049439-8
  3. ^ a b c Gruyter, W. Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, Walter de Gruyter & Company: Berlin, 1993; 612
  4. ^ a b Lewis, R.J. Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 15th ed.; John Wiley &Sons Inc.:New York, 2007; 777
  5. ^ Jacobson, C.A. Encyclopedia of Chemical Reactions, Reinhold Publishing Corporation: New York, 1951; 409
  6. ^ Salehi, Hojatollah; Guo, Qing‐Xiang (2004). "A Facile and Efficient One‐Pot Synthesis of Dihydropyrimidinones Catalyzed by Magnesium Bromide Under Solvent‐Free Conditions". Synthetic Communications 34 (1): 171.  
  7. ^ Bouzide, Abderrahim (2002). "Magnesium Bromide Mediated Highly Diastereoselective Heterogeneous Hydrogenation of Olefins". Organic Letters 4 (8): 1347–50.  
  8. ^ Ando, Y; Tomita, Y; Haba, Y. Preparation of Ethyl Magnesium Bromide for Regiospecific Analysis of Triacylglycerols Journal of Oleo Science, 2008, 57, 459
  9. ^ Mostashari, S. M.; Fayyaz, F. (2008). "XRD characterization of the ashes from a burned cellulosic fabric impregnated with magnesium bromide hexahydrate as flame-retardant". Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 92 (3): 845.  
  10. ^ Lim, Young Mook; Cho, Hyeon Mo; Lee, Myong Euy; Baeck, Kyoung Koo (2006). "A Stable Magnesium Bromosilylenoid: Transmetalation of a Lithium Bromosilylenoid by Magnesium Bromide". Organometallics 25 (21): 4960.  
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