World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Maiden flight

Article Id: WHEBN0000618303
Reproduction Date:

Title: Maiden flight  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flight test, Airbus A320 family, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk
Collection: Aerospace Engineering
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Maiden flight

The maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground under its own power. This is similar to a ship's maiden voyage.

The first flight of a new aircraft type is always a historic occasion for the type. It is also one of the most dangerous, because the exact handling characteristics of the aircraft are generally unknown. The first flight of a new type is almost invariably flown by a highly experienced test pilot. First flights are usually accompanied by a chase plane, to verify items like altitude, airspeed, and general airworthiness.

A first flight is only one stage in the development of an aircraft type. Unless the type is a pure research aircraft (such as the X-15), the aircraft must be tested extensively to ensure that it delivers the desired performance with an acceptable margin of safety. In the case of civilian aircraft, a new type must be certified by a governing agency (such as the Federal Aviation Administration in the United States) before it can enter operation.

Notable first flights

Airbus A380 on April 27, 2005
Boeing 787 on December 15, 2009
Airbus A350 XWB on June 14, 2013

An incomplete list of first flights of notable aircraft types, organized by date, follows.

  • June, 1875 – Thomas Moy's Aerial Steamer, London, England (no pilot and attache)[1]
  • October 9, 1890 – Clément Ader – took off from Gretz-Armainvilliers, Ouest of Paris, France
  • August 14, 1901 – Gustave Whitehead From Leutershausen, Bavaria
  • May 15, 1902 – Lyman Gilmore – took off from Grass Valley, California
  • March 31, 1903 – Richard Pearse – took off from Waitohi Flat, Temuka, South Island, New Zealand
  • December 17, 1903 – Wright brothers Wright Flyer – first heavier-than-air powered aircraft
  • March 18, 1906 – Traian Vuia, a Romanian engineer, flew in Montesson near Paris, France.
  • October 23, 1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont 14-bis flight, in Bagatelle park, Paris, France
  • July 4, 1908 - Glenn Curtiss flew the first pre-announced public flight of a heavier-than-air flying machine. He flew 5,080 feet, to win the Scientific American Trophy and its $2,500 purse.
  • July 28, 1935 – Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress – WWII American heavy bomber.
  • December 17, 1935 – Douglas DC-3 – propeller-driven passenger and cargo aircraft of which more than 10,000 were produced
  • December 29, 1939 – Consolidated B-24 – WWII American heavy bomber.
  • November 2, 1947 – Hughes H-4 Hercules – only flight of this oversized flying boat.
  • July 27, 1949 – de Havilland Comet – first jet airliner.
  • August 23, 1954 – Lockheed C-130 Hercules – military transport plane.
  • May 27, 1955 – Sud Aviation Caravelle – first jet airliner with engines mounted in the tail.
  • April 25, 1962 – Lockheed A-12 Blackbird – supersonic reconnaissance plane.
  • June 29, 1962 – Vickers VC10 – first airliner with 4 engines mounted in the tail.
  • April 9, 1967 – Boeing 737 – short-to-medium-range airliner.
  • October 4, 1968 – Tupolev 154 – Soviet/Russian airliner, still in operation.
  • December 31, 1968 – Tupolev Tu-144 – Soviet supersonic airliner.
  • February 9, 1969 – Boeing 747 – first widebody airliner.
  • March 2, 1969 – Anglo-French Concorde – supersonic airliner.
  • September 19, 1969 – Mil Mi-24 – Russian/Soviet-made helicopter used by many countries to this day.
  • October 28, 1972 – Airbus A300 – first Airbus aircraft, short- to medium-range wide-body jet airliner.
  • February 22, 1987 – Airbus A320 airliner – first civil aircraft to have an all-digital fly-by-wire system.
  • December 21, 1988 – Antonov An-225 Mriya – jet with the longest fuselage and wingspan and overall heaviest aircraft.
  • June 12, 1994 – Boeing 777 – long-range airliner with the most powerful jet engines ever made.
  • July 3, 1994 – General Atomics MQ-1 Predator – unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).
  • February 19, 2002 – Embraer E-Jet family – Brazilian narrow-body airliner.
  • April 27, 2005 – Airbus A380 – doubledecker jetairliner, currently largest capacity in the world, took off from Toulouse–Blagnac Airport.
  • December 15, 2006 – F-35 Lightning II – fifth-generation, stealth multirole fighter.
  • December 11, 2009 – Airbus A400M – military cargo plane, Airbus first propeller plane.
  • December 15, 2009 – Boeing 787 Dreamliner – first major widebody airliner to use non-metal composite materials for most of its construction.
  • January 29, 2010 – Sukhoi PAK FA – first Russian fifth generation fighter aircraft.
  • February 8, 2010 – Boeing 747-8F – freighter version of the stretched version of the Boeing 747.
  • January 11, 2011 – Chengdu J-20 – Chinese 5th generation fighter aircraft.
  • March 20, 2011– Boeing 747-8I – passenger version of the stretched version of the Boeing 747.
  • June 14, 2013 – Airbus A350 XWB – widebody airliner, took off from Airbus facilities at Toulouse–Blagnac Airport.
  • September 16, 2013 – Bombardier CS100 – narrow-body airliner, took off from Montreal-Mirabel Airport.
  • September 17, 2013 – Boeing 787-9 – widebody airliner, took off from Paine Field in Seattle, Washington.
  • September 25, 2014 – Airbus A320neo – narrow-body airliner.
  • February 3, 2015 – Embraer KC-390 – Brazilian military tactical transport/tanker aircraft, the largest airplane ever designed and built in Brazil, took off from Embraer´s facilities in Gavião Peixoto, São Paulo State.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.centennialofflight.net/essay/Prehistory/late_1800s/PH4G7.htm
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.