World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Maisons-Alfort

Article Id: WHEBN0002013800
Reproduction Date:

Title: Maisons-Alfort  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alfortville, Nicole Tourneur, Musée Fragonard d'Alfort, École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort, Fontenay-sous-Bois
Collection: Communes of Val-De-Marne
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Maisons-Alfort

Maisons-Alfort
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-de-Marne
Arrondissement Créteil
Canton 2 cantons
Government
 • Mayor Michel Herbillon
Area1 5.38 km2 (2.08 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 53,607
 • Density 10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 94046 / 94700
Elevation 24–47 m (79–154 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Maisons-Alfort (French pronunciation: ​) is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.4 km (5.2 mi) from the center of Paris.

Maisons-Alfort is famous as the location of the National Veterinary School of Alfort. The Fort de Charenton, constructed between 1841 and 1845, has since 1959 housed the Commandement des Écoles de la Gendarmerie Nationale.

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
    • Immigration 3.1
  • Administration 4
  • Points of interest 5
  • Personalities 6
  • International relations 7
  • Transport 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Name

Originally, Maisons-Alfort was called simply Maisons. The name Maisons comes from Medieval Latin Mansiones, meaning "the houses".

At the creation of the commune during the French Revolution, the name of the hamlet of Alfort was joined with the name of Maisons. The name Alfort comes from the manor built there by Peter of Aigueblanche, Bishop of Hereford (England), in the middle of the 13th century. The name of this Manor of Hereford was corrupted into Harefort, then Hallefort, and eventually Alfort. The National Veterinary School of Alfort was settled several centuries later in the manor and its estate.

History

On 1 April 1885, 40% of the territory of Maisons-Alfort was detached and became the commune of Alfortville.

In 1905, Buffalo Bill stayed two months in Maisons-Alfort while his famous Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show performed in Paris.

Demographics

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Maisons-Alfort in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
82.8% 17.2%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.9% 3.4% 3.1% 8.8%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Administration

Maisons-Alfort is divided into two cantons:

  • Maisons-Alfort-Nord, with 23,704 inhabitants;
  • Maisons-Alfort-Sud, with 27 399 inhabitants.

Points of interest

Personalities

International relations

Maisons-Alfort is twinned with Moers in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Transport

Maisons-Alfort is served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 8: École Vétérinaire de Maisons-Alfort, Maisons-Alfort — Stade, and Maisons-Alfort — Les Juilliottes.

It is also served by two stations on Paris RER line D: Maisons-Alfort – Alfortville and Le Vert de Maisons.

See also

References

  • INSEE
  • Mayors of Essonne Association (French)

External links

  • Official website


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.