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Malapuram

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Malapuram

This article is about the city in Kerala, India. For its namesake district, see Malappuram district. For the village in Tamil Nadu, see Mallappuram. For the suburb of Hyderabad, see Mallapur.
Malappuram
മലപ്പുറം
City
Malappuram
Malappuram

Coordinates: 11°02′28″N 76°04′59″E / 11.041°N 76.083°E / 11.041; 76.083Coordinates: 11°02′28″N 76°04′59″E / 11.041°N 76.083°E / 11.041; 76.083

Country India
State Kerala
District Malappuram District
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Malappuram Municipality
 • Chairman Muhammad Musthafa
 • Deputy Chairperson K.M Girija
Area
 • City 33.61 km2 (12.98 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • City 101,330
 • Density 3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,698,645
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 676XXX
Telephone code 0483
Vehicle registration KL-10
Literacy 96.47%
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 3,100 millimetres (120 in)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 20 °C (68 °F)
Website

Malappuram (/mʌlʌppʊrʌm/; Malayalam: മലപ്പുറം) is a city in the southern Indian state of Kerala, with a core urban population (in 2011) of 101,330 inhabitants spread over an area of 33.61 km2. The first municipality in the district formed in 1970, Malappuram serves as the administrative headquarters of Malappuram district. Divided into 40 electoral wards, city has a density of population of 2,083 per km2. As per the 2011 census Malappuram Urban Agglomeration is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in Kerala state with a total population of 1,698,645.[1] Malappuram, in malayalam, means 'Place atop the hills'. Malappuram is situated 50 km southeast of Kozhikode, 90 km northwest of Palakkad.[2] and 140 km northwest of Coimbatore.

History

Malappuram (also Malapuram ) (Malayalam: മലപ്പുറം) was a military head quarters from ancient times. Initially home to the Valluvanad chieftains, Malappuram was annexed by the Zamorins in his conquests and since then served as his military headquarters. The Zamorins of Kozhikode had their away over this place and they stationed a part of their militia here. Para Nimbi, the chieftain of the Zamorin, ruled with his head quarters at Kottappady in Malappuram. The Fort Gate Maidan (Kottappady) was once used for training military of the Zamorin. It was also a centre for Islamic and Vedic studies.[2] Tipu Sultan had a fort here at Malappuram. Later The Britishers established the Haig Barracks on top of hill, at the banks of kadalundi river, to station their forces. Main barracks has now been turned into the seat of district administration. Main district offices are functioning here. Malappuram was one of the major centres of rebellion, popularly known as Mappila Lahala. The headquarters of British troops later became the headquarters of the Malabar Special Police (MSP)[2] which was established in 1921 in the aftermath of Malabar rebellion. Malappuram Nercha, celebrated in summer is in memory of martyrs who fought the atrocities of the British militia. Pookkottur near Malappuram, has a place in history, where the mappila warrior fought the British with their traditional weapons were killed in cold blood, during the rebellion and Anakkayam of Malappuram, was also another important centre of 1921 Malabar Rebellion. The hill country has also contributed much to the cultural heritage of Kerala. First library in the district was King Edward Fraser Memorial Library at jubilee road, Up hill. The first school in Malappuram was Anglo Indian vernacular School built in 1882 and first high school in Malabar was Muslim high School built in 1936 by Madras Government at Kottapadi (Down Hill) where C. Rajagopalachari gave public speech during an erstwhile election. Later the school got upgraded to Model high School and started admitting everyone in post independence era.

Geography

Malappuram is situated in the mid land area of the state. As the name suggests, it is covered with small beautiful mountains of lushly greenery, bonded with several fresh water streams flowing through the city bestows a harmony of natural beauty. Kadalundi Puzha, a major river in Kerala is flowing around the city. Malappuram is one of the few municipalities in the state with a tremendous track record of keeping city clean. The recognition as 'best municipality in up keeping the cleanliness and health' by state government acknowledges this sincere efforts of municipality. Malappuram is centrally located in the district which makes it the biggest potential nod of the district. Unlike other district head quarters, Malappuram holds significant position in west-east transit along with north-south. It makes the city accessible for everyone in the district through either NH or SH. Strategical location of the city is yet to be exploited in many aspects.

Climate

The city has more or less the same climatic conditions prevalent else-where the state. The climate is generally mild hot and humid in nature. However the South West Monsoon is usually very heavy. The best season to visit Malappuram is during the months of September to March as the weather conditions are quite pleasant. Owing to its natural habitat, Malappuram is also a city of fresh air. According to the Central Pollution Control Board data for the year 2010, of the 180 cities monitored for SO2, NO2 and PM10, Malappuram was one of the two cities which met the criteria of low pollution (i.e. 50% below the standard) for all air pollutants.

Civic Administration

Being the Headquarter city, Malappuram comprises the Civil station area which consists of administrative and other Government offices of the district such as District Collectrate, District Treasury, RTO, PWD Division Office, Jilla Panchayat, Town planning Office, Text depot, District Medical office etc. to name a few. The city is administered by the Malappuram Municipality, headed by a Municipal Chairman. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into 40 wards, from which the members of the municipal council are elected for five years. The Chairman of Malappuram Municipality is Sri.Muhammad Musthafa and the Deputy Chairmperson is Smt.K.M Girija.

Politics

Malappuram Assembly constituency and Malappuram (Lok Sabha constituency) are presently represented by Indian Union Muslim League Leaders. E. Ahamed is the sitting Member of Parliament, and is the Union Minister of State, External Affairs as well as the Union Minister of state for Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Republic of India. The member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) of Malappuram is P. Ubaidulla.

Law and Order

City police is headed by a Dy SP Malappuram. And Office of Superintendent of Police is also at Malappuram. Apart from regular law and order, city police comprises the Malappuram Traffic Police, Bomb Squad, Dog Squad, Women's Cell, Narcotics Cell, Malabar Special Police (Equivalent to SWAT in abroad), Armed Police Camp, District Crime Records Bureau.

Wards and councilors

Wards in the Malappuram municipality and present councilors In ward number order, with councilor and party indicated:

  1. Padinharemukku - P P Rukkiya,CPI(M)
  2. Nooregalmukku - Paranchodan Amina,IUML
  3. Cheruparambu - P M Jaffer,INC
  4. Kalladimukku - Eriyakalam Hafsath,IUML
  5. Machigal - P Appukuttan,IUML
  6. Cholakkal - Sunilkumar V,CPI(M)
  7. Kattugal - Ibrahim K,IUML
  8. Govt.college - Jameela C H,IUML
  9. Munduparambu - Kunnathody Mumthas,Independent
  10. Karuvala - C Nirmala, CPI(M)
  11. Moonnampadi - K.p. Anil, CPI(M)
  12. Kavungal - Kalluvalappil Asha, CPI(M)
  13. Kalambadi - Uruniyan Paramban Rasiya,IUML
  14. Mannarkundu - K.m Girija,INC
  15. Thamarakuzhi - Baby Shimja P.k, IUML
  16. Kottakunnu - Veekshanam Mohammed,INC
  17. Cherattukuzhi - Preethakumari K.t,CPI(M)
  18. Kottapadi - Paloli Kunhimohammed,CPI(M)
  19. Civilstation - U Krishnan,CPI(M)
  20. Chemmankadavu - Sakkeer Hussain,IUML
  21. Cheenithodu - Rahmathulla Elambilakkatt,IUML
  22. Mailappuram - Mohammed Musthafa, IUML
  23. Valiyavarambu - Sujatha Parameswaran C,INC
  24. Valiyangadi - Thangalakath Saleena,IUML
  25. Kizhakethala - Pattarkadavan Saidalavi,IUML
  26. Varangode - Hyderali K.p,INC
  27. Paithiniparambu - P Suhrabi,IUML
  28. Adhikarithodi - Shylaja K,IUML
  29. Konom Para - C.k Basheera Jaleel,IUML
  30. Alathoorpadi - A.p Kunhimohammed,Independent
  31. Kainod - Arun Shameem C.h,Independent
  32. Muthuvatuparamb - K.k Shihabudheen,IUML
  33. Kolamanna - Kappan Shamsudheen, IUML
  34. Spinningmill - Kalappadan Mohammed Ashraf, IUML
  35. Pattarkadavu - Moonnukkaran Suhra, IUML
  36. Karaparambu - Pari Abdul Majeed,IUML
  37. Panakkad - Chundayil Suhrabi,IUML
  38. Bhootanamcolony - Ayishabi K K,IUML
  39. Podiyad - N K Abdul Majeed,IUML
  40. Perumparambu - K Safiya,IUML

Proposed Malappuram Municipal Corporation

There is a demand to upgrade Malappuram Municipality to a Municipal Corporation. The proposed Malappuram Municipal Corporation comprises:

Economy


A major driver of the local economy is the remittances of the migrants residing in the middle east countries,by which banking sector in Malappuram has huge NRI Deposits. City has strong trader community in which Hotels and bakery business out numbers, followed by Textile and Medical sector. Tourism is the major crowd puller of the city. Places like kottakkunnu, Shanthitheeram etc. attracts lakhs of people from all over the state. According to Industries department of kerala, visitors in the kottakkunnu during festive season are more than 9 to 10 lakh. General Engineering, Cloth Manufacturing, Timber oriented business etc. are the commonly found industrial enterprises in City. Almost 60 percent of employees in the city are part of service sector. Being the district head quarters, people working in different Government offices contributes a major part in the commerce and the economy.

Health

There are various Hospitals in the city such as District Co-operative hospital, District Homeopathic hospital, Govt. Taluk Hospital, Mass Ayurvedic Hospital, Orchid Institute of Health Care & Research (Orchid Hospital), MB Hospital, Christian Mission Hospital, MM Chest Hospital etc. Apart from these several clinics and health centers in the city serves the people.

Education

City has several educational institutions right from the school level to higher education. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Malabar Special Police HSS, Government Girls Higher secondary school, Govt.Boys, St.Gemmas HSS, Islahiya HSS, A.U.P School, Sree Arunodaya vidya nigethan etc. to name a few schools. City is lacking higher education institutions. As of now. Govt. College, Malappuram, which is the oldest college in the city, started in 1972 and few other private colleges serves the higher educational purpose. Govt.TTI and MCT TTI are few teachers training institutes.

Institutions of Excellence

AMU ( is going to be established at Edu-Health City. The recently inaugurated Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan Malayalam University is located at Thunchan Parambu in Malappuram and is only 26 km far from the city centre. Steps to establish an Ayurveda University at Kottakkal, near here is underway.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[3] the primate city population is 101,330. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Malappuram has a literacy rate of 96.47%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 97.85%, and female literacy is 95.21%.[3] The major language spoken in the city is Malayalam. Hindi and English are also widely understood as official languages, while Tamil and Arabic has considerable speakers. The city population is predominantly Muslim, along with a sizable Hindu population and small Christian population. Malappuram also has many number of Tamils, mainly from rural districts of Tamil Nadu who are engaged in labour and construction works.

Transport

  • Road: Malappuram is well connected with all the places in the district as well as the state. KSRTC bus terminal (Govt. buses) is located at Up-Hill on NH 966 (formerly NH 213). Buses are available to different cities of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Municipal Bus stand for private buses is at Down Hill on Ahmed Kurikkal Road. NH 66 (formerly NH 17) is just 12KM away from city center.
  • Rail: City is served by Angadipuram railway station (17 km away), Parappanangadi Railway Station and Tirur Railway Station both (26 km, 40 minute drive away). Whereas Kozhikode railway station is 50 km away from Malappuram. Other railway stations are Kuttippuram and Tanur. However Ministry of railways have included the railway line connecting Kozhikkod-Malappuram-Angadipuram in its Vision 2020 as socially desirable railway line. Multiple surveys have been done on the line already. Indian Railway Computerised Reservation Counter is available at Friends Janasevana Kendram, Down Hill. Reservation for any train can be done from here.
  • Mass Transit: Malappuram Metro Rail is a proposed mass transit system for the city by Lensfed (Licenced Engineers & Supervisors Federation). The proposal was considering the future urban scenario which would demand a transport system that can cater to the million plus population of the Malappuram urban agglomeration. In April 2012, Lensfed submitted detailed project report to Government which proposed 8 major stations and 9 intermediate stations out of which three elevated stations at Malappuram Central, Kondotty and Angadipuram. The alignment is similar to the proposed railway line of Calicut-Malappuram-Angadipuram. Apart from this, there is a proposal to extend proposed Calicut Mono Rail network to Malappuram during its IIIrd phase of expansion, paving a way to Calicut-Malappuram 'Urban Corridor' concept.
  • Air: Karipur International Airport which is located in the periphery of the city is just 25 km away. It is the seventh busiest airport in the country in terms of international passenger traffic.

Road distance

Distance from major places to Malappuram in kilometers.

City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km)
Kochi city 171 Guruvayur 75 Kottayam 224 Mavelikkara 274 Kozhikode 50
Nedumbassery Airport(Kochi) 147 Palakkad 89 Sabarimala 289 Thrissur 92 Thiruvananthapuram (State Capital) 374
Bangalore city 355 Coimbatore city 138 Kanyakumari 458 Kodaikanal 239 Ooty 140
Mangalore 254 Mysore 203 Munnar 257

Media

Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Madhyamam, Chandrika, Deshabhimani dailies have their printing centres in and around the city. The Hindu has an edition and printing press at Malappuram. A few periodicals-monthlies, fortnightlies and weeklies-mostly devoted to religion and culture are also published. Almost all Malayalam channels and newspapers have their bureau at Up Hill. There are some local cable TV channels including (MCV), (ACV) etc. Malappuram Press Club is also situated at UP Hill adjacent to Municipal Town Hall. Doordarshan has its major relay station in the district at Malappuram. Government of India's Prasarbharati National Public Service Broadcaster has FM station in the district, broadcasting on 102.7 Mhtz. The Station Director is M. Balakrishnan Menon.There are three main cinema halls that screen movies in Malayalam, Tamil, English and Hindi. A multiplex screen is expected in the city in the near future. Rasmi Film Society, one of the kerala's oldest film forum is from Malappuram. The 72nd International film festival of Malappuram was conducted in March, 2011.[4]

Sports

Malappuram is well known for its sports enthusiasm and spirit. And it holds countless accolades from several major and minor competitions, specially in football. Football is in nerves of the public of Malappuram. Malabar Special Police HSS, which is the current champion of State Mahindra Youth Football Challenge is an all time achiever in the inter school tournaments.[5] It is also the runner up team of 53rd Subroto Cup international football tournament held at Delhi.[6] Hockey is another major sports in which malappuram excels with GBHSS Hockey team. Like elsewhere in Kerala, Cricket is also widely played. But lack of a cricket stadium in the city is major constraint for the cricketers and cricket lovers for practicing and conducting tournaments. Malappuram Municipal Stadium, MSP Police ground, MSP Kootilangadi Ground, Indira Priyadarshini Indoor stadium along with several mini stadiums where sevens tournaments are conducted by local committees serves the city. Malappuram District Sports Complex which comprises a Football stadium and Malappuram Football Academy is under construction at Payyanad, on Pandikkad Road and is just 13 km from the city centre.

Places of interest

  • City is mainly divided to five as Up Hill, Down Hill, Melmuri, Panakkad and Anakkayam.
    • Up Hill: Most of the Government Offices and Establishments including District colloctrate are based here. MSP (Malabar Special Police) head quarters, traffic Police HQ, Passport Seva Kendra, Doordarshan Relay station etc. are also situated here.
    • Down Hill: Considered as the trade hub of the city, occupies City Daily market and other commercial enterprises. A place where most of the household things can be bought. Malappuram Passport Office which consist of two revenue districts viz. Malappuram and Palakkad having the majority of NRI population in Kerala is also situated at Down Hill on Malappuram-Parappanangadi State highway.
    • Melmuri: Four kilo metre from the City centre, Melmuri is famous for Swalath Nagar and Grand Masjid. Melmuri serves as the residential area in the city.
    • Panakkad: Famous for the Panakkad family, Thangals hails from here and IUML political leaders of the district comes from here. Industrial Growth Centre at Panakkad is now under Inkid (a joint venture of Inkel and KSIDC) in developing the land to a prestigious place of the state as Edu-Health City.
    • Anakkayam: This outgrowth of Malappuram has an unavoidable place in history of Kerala. Cashew Research and Development Center is situated here. It is also the major residential area of the city.
  • Kottakkunnu: Known as Marine Drive of Malappuram is a hill garden. Kottakkunnu park contains an open air auditorium, Lalitha kala academy art gallery, DTPC hellipad, a water theme park etc. At Kottakkunnu one can see traces of the first fort built by the Zamorins of Kozhikode.[7] This scenic table-top location is located at the crest of the Cantonment Hill near the District Collectorate.[8]
  • The Temples and the Mosques: of the city are well known for their spiritual atmosphere as well as spectacular festivals. Malappuram Juma Masjid is one of the oldest Mosques in kerala. Thiruppuranthaka Temple, Mannoor Shiva Temple, Vettakorumakan Temple are few famous temples.
  • Shanthitheeram: A Riverside walk park under construction by KTDC on the shores of Kadalundi river which once completed will contain Rain huts, Amphitheater,food court, pavilion etc.
  • Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Shala: Situated 12 KM away, is a world renown Institute engaged in the practice and propagation of Ayurveda, the ancient health care system of India.

Notable persons

Necessitated developments

  • Formation of 'Malappuram Development Authority' for the sustainable and futuristic development of city and adjoining panchayats, similar to City Development Authority of other cities in the state.
  • Kozhikkod-Malappuram-Angadipuram-Ottappalam Railway line. It is the much awaited railway line of the district which connects Malappuram with Karippur Airport situated in the district and Kozhikode.
  • Introducing city bus services with 'Malappuram' as the Starting and halting point in the district.
  • Speeding up the new KSRTC Bus terminal and shopping complex construction at Uphill.
  • Quickening the Edu-Health city construction at panakkad having Institute of technology, Arts and science college, Multi specialty Hospital etc.
  • Speeding up the Municipal stadium renewal activities and bringing national level stadium facilities to it.
  • Modernisation and Relocation of Down Hill Market and Bus stand to Down hill bypass area.
  • Completion of Kottappadi Bypass.
  • New Road from Malappuram to Valancheri as proposed in 'District Urbanisation Report' by Town planning department.
  • Formation of New NH (1)Malappuram-Manjeri-Gudalur (2)Malappuram-Kolathur-Pulamanthol-Thrissur

See also

  • Malappuram Urban Center

References

External links

  • Malappuram Municipality [2]
  • Mission Malappuram [3]
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