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Malaya Vishera

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Title: Malaya Vishera  
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Malaya Vishera

Malaya Vishera (English)
Малая Вишера (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

Welcome sign at the entrance to Malaya Vishera

Location of Novgorod Oblast in Russia
Malaya Vishera is located in Novgorod Oblast
Malaya Vishera
Malaya Vishera
Location of Malaya Vishera in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates:
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative district Malovishersky District[1]
Town of district significance Malaya Vishera[2]
Administrative center of Malovishersky District,[1] town of district significance of Malaya Vishera[2]
Municipal status (as of September 2010)
Municipal district Malovishersky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Malovisherskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Administrative center of Malovishersky Municipal District,[3] Malovisherskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 12,461 inhabitants[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1843
Town status since 1921
Postal code(s)[7] 174260, 174262

Malaya Vishera (Russian: Ма́лая Ви́шера) is a town and the administrative center of Malovishersky District in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. Population: 12,461 (2010 Census);[5] 14,182 (2002 Census);[8] 15,647 (1989 Census).[9]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
  • Economy 3
    • Industry 3.1
    • Transportation 3.2
  • Culture and recreation 4
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Sources 5.2

History

Malaya Vishera in the 1860s

The name of the town originates from the Malaya Vishera River, a tributary of the Vishera River. It was founded in 1843, as the construction of the Moscow–St. Petersburg Railway (opened in 1851) passing through the modern town started. At the time, it was a part of Krestetsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate. On February 24, 1918, Malovishersky Uyezd was established and Malaya Vishera became its seat.[10] In 1921, Malaya Vishera was granted town status.

In August 1927, the uyezds were abolished and, effective October 1, 1927, Malovishersky District was established, with the administrative center in Malaya Vishera.[11] Novgorod Governorate was abolished as well and the district became a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[11] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[11]

During World War II, between October 23 and December 22, 1941, Malaya Vishera was occupied by German troops.[12] It became the eighth Soviet town liberated by Soviet troops in 1941 and the first one among those which were not subsequently re-occupied.[13]

On July 5, 1944, Malovishersky District was included into the newly established Novgorod Oblast and remained there ever since.[14]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Malaya Vishera serves as the administrative center of Malovishersky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with seven rural localities, incorporated within Malovishersky District as the town of district significance of Malaya Vishera.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Malaya Vishera is incorporated within Malovishersky Municipal District as Malovisherskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy

Industry

In the past, the economy of Malaya Vishera was dependent on the glass-making factory, which started to experience serious difficulties in the 1990s–2000s. Currently, it relies on timber industry (including production of furniture), food industry, and production of instruments.[15]

Transportation

Malaya Vishera railway station

A train depot was opened in Malaya Vishera in 1860. Many long-distance trains (including MoscowSt. Petersburg) stop at this station. The station is also an important terminus of the regional suburban trains from Okulovka, Volkhovstroy, and St. Petersburg.

Malaya Vishera is connected by roads with the M10 Highway and with Lyubytino. The M10 passes 40 kilometers (25 mi) west of the town.

Culture and recreation

The district contains two objects protected as cultural and historical heritage at the federal level and 126 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance (eight of them in Malaya Vishera).[16] The federal monuments are archaeological sites.

Malaya Vishera hosts the Malaya Vishera District Museum, the only museum in the district. The museum exhibits collections of local interest.[17]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b Law #284-OZ
  4. ^ a b c Law #356-OZ
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^  
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Snytko et al., p. 35
  11. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 85
  12. ^ Snytko et al., p. 114
  13. ^ Никитин, Игорь. Малая Вишера — первый освобождённый?. Районка (in Russian) (Malaya Vishera). 
  14. ^ Snytko et al., p. 93
  15. ^ Экономическая характеристика (in Russian). Администрация Маловишерского муниципального района. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  16. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  17. ^ Культура (in Russian). Администрация Маловишерского муниципального района. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 

Sources

  • Снытко, О. В. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). St. Petersburg. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №284-ОЗ от 7 июня 2004 г. «О наделении сельских районов и города Великий Новгород статусом муниципальных районов и городского округа Новгородской области и утверждении границ их территорий», в ред. Областного закона №818-ОЗ от 3 сентября 2010 г «О внесении изменения в областной Закон "О наделении сельских районов и города Великий Новгород статусом муниципальных районов и городского округа Новгородской области и утверждении границ их территорий"». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №86, 22 июня 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #284-OZ of June 7, 2004 On Granting the Status of Municipal Districts and Urban Okrug of Novgorod Oblast to the Rural Districts and the City of Veliky Novgorod and on Establishing the Borders of Their Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #818-OZ of September 3, 2010 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Granting the Status of Municipal Districts and Urban Okrug of Novgorod Oblast to the Rural Districts and the City of Veliky Novgorod and on Establishing the Borders of Their Territories". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №356-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Маловишерского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городских и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №641-ОЗ от 1 декабря 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы, устанавливающие границы муниципальных образований области, наделяющие статусом городских и сельских поселений, определяющие административные центры и содержащие перечни населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий соответствующих поселений». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №82, 15 декабря 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #356-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Malovishersky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #641-OZ of December 1, 2009 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations, Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlementss, Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and Containing the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Corresponding Settlement Territories. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
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