World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

Article Id: WHEBN0003428369
Reproduction Date:

Title: Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Law enforcement in Malaysia, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004, Malaysia Federal Route 167, Prime Minister's Department, Malaysia Federal Route 138
Collection: Coast Guards, Law Enforcement in Malaysia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia
Abbreviation MMEA / APMM
Logo of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Flag of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Motto Mengawal Melindung Menyelamat
Guard Protect Save
Agency overview
Formed 15 February 2005–present
Employees 7,000 Officers
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Legal jurisdiction Malaysian Maritime Zone
Governing body Government of Malaysia
Constituting instrument Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 [Act 633]
General nature
  • Civilian agency
Operational structure
Headquarters Federal Government Administrative Centre Putrajaya
Agency executive Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish RMN, Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement
Parent agency Prime Minister's Department
Helicopters Aérospatiale AS 365 Dauphin; AgustaWestland AW139
Amphibious Aircraft Bombardier 415

The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Abbreviation: MMEA; Malay: Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia; APMM) or also known as Malaysian Coast Guard, is the principal government agency tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. It is in effect the coast guard of Malaysia. The Agency is not part of nor are there any plans for it be integrated into the Malaysian Armed Forces. The Agency and its members are part of the Malaysian Federal Civil Agency and report directly to the Prime Minister's Department.


  • Background 1
  • Organisation 2
    • Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement 2.1
    • Officers and other ranks 2.2
    • Headquarters 2.3
    • Academy 2.4
    • Operational areas 2.5
    • Ranks 2.6
    • Special Forces 2.7
  • Malaysian Maritime Zone 3
    • Internal waters and territorial sea 3.1
    • Contiguous zone 3.2
    • Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) 3.3
    • Continental shelf 3.4
  • Strength and Equipment 4
    • Offshore Patrol Vessel 4.1
    • Patrol Vessels 4.2
    • Training Vessel 4.3
  • Weaponry 5
  • Procurement 6
  • Notes 7
  • External links 8


The history of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency began with the report on the Feasibility Study on the Establishment of Malaysian Coastguard conducted by National Security Council, Prime Minister's Department. The findings of the report was agreed to by the Government and a Nucleus Team led by Datuk Abu Talib bin Haji Harun, was created with the objective of organising the creation of the Agency. The Agency was formally established with the enactment of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 (Act 633) by the Malaysian Parliament in May 2004. Subsequently, the Act received the Royal Assent from the Yang Di Pertuan Agong on 25 June 2004 and was gazetted on 1 July of the same year. On 15 February 2005, the Act came into force. The Agency achieved operational status on 30 November 2005 with the commencement of patrols by MMEA vessels. The agency maintains close ties with the United States and Japanese coast guards. The agency carries out law enforcement work during peace time.


Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement

A Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement appointed by the Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King) on the advice of the Prime Minister under Section 4(1) of the Act is responsible for the operational direction, command, control and supervision of the Agency. Administratively, the Director General reports directly to the Chief Secretary to the Government. By virtue of his office, he is also the head of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Service. The Director General is assisted by three Deputy Directors General, each responsible for Management, Operations and Logistics. The post is an open one enabling any civil, military or police officer to be appointed to the post. For the purposes of discipline, the Director General is considered to be a member of the general public service of the Federation under Section 4(4). At present the Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement is Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish MMEA, former Royal Malaysian Navy Fleet Operations Commander.

Officers and other ranks

The officers and other ranks of the MMEA are appointed by the Public Service Commission as Maritime Enforcement Service officers under Section 5(1) of the Act and are considered civil servants under the Malaysian Civil Service. The Agency also consists of officers and staff from various other Services such as the Administrative and Diplomatic Service, Judicial and Legal Service, Information System Service and others. These personnel are primarily involved in matters of administration, finance, procurement, human resource management, legal affairs and prosecution, and information technology. With the exception of the Director, all other MMEA officers are not commissioned by the Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King). This means that Malaysian armed forces personnel may not give an honor salute to MMEA officers.


The headquarters of the Agency is situated at One IOI Square, IOI Resort, Putrajaya, close to the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The Agency HQ was formerly based in Cyberjaya before it shifted to the present address in April 2006.


The Akademi Maritim Sultan Ahmad Shah (AMSAS) or Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) Academy is a coast guard academy. It is located at Gebeng near Kuantan, Pahang.

Malaysia Maritime exercises with US Coast Guard

Operational areas

Members of MMEA during Hari Merdeka Parade 2013 in Kota Kinabalu

The operational area of the Agency is the Malaysian Maritime Zone which is divided into 5 Maritime Regions consisting of 18 Maritime Districts.

Zon Maritim Semenanjung

Zon Maritim Sabah Sarawak

Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Northern Peninsular Maritime Region Langkawi Island-Bernam River Langkawi, Kedah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 1 Langkawi Island-Kuala Muda Bukit Malut, Langkawi
Maritime District 2 Kuala Muda-Parit Buntar Batu Uban, Penang
Maritime District 3 Parit Buntar-Bernam River Lumut, Perak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Southern Peninsular Maritime Region Bernam River-Endau Johor Bahru, Johor
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 4 Bernam River-Sepang Port Klang, Selangor
Maritime District 5 Sepang-Kuala Kesang Linggi, Melaka
Maritime District 6 Kuala Kesang-Johor Causeway Johor Bahru, Johor
Maritime District 7 Johore Causeway-Endau Tanjung Sedili, Johor
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Eastern Peninsular Maritime Region Endau-Tumpat Kuantan, Pahang
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 8 Endau-Tanjung Geliga Kuantan, Pahang
Maritime District 9 Tanjung Geliga-Besut Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Maritime District 10 Besut-Tumpat Tok Bali, Kelantan
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sarawak Maritime Region Tanjung Datu-Tanjung Baram Kuching, Sarawak
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 11 Tanjung Datu-Igan Kuching, Sarawak
Maritime District 12 Igan-Tanjung Payong Bintulu, Sarawak
Maritime District 13 Tanjung Payong-Tanjung Baram Miri, Sarawak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sabah Maritime Region Tanjung Baram-Pulau Sebatik Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 14 Tanjung Baram-Kuala Penyu Labuan
Maritime District 15 Kuala Penyu-Kampung Mendawang Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Maritime District 16 Kampung Mendawang-Beluran Kudat, Sabah
Maritime District 17 Beluran-Kunak Sandakan, Sabah
Maritime District 18 Kunak-Pulau Sebatik Tawau, Sabah


Ranks for officers and other ranks in the Agency are derived from the Royal Malaysian Navy. Officer and Warrant Officer insignia are similar to that of their naval counterparts. Chevrons are used to denote the ranks of Chief Petty Officer and below.

Insignia Rank Maritime Enforcement Service Grade Equivalent Civil Service Grade Equivalent Army/Malaysian Air Force Rank
Rear Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Muda Maritim Premier Grade C Premier Grade C Major General
First Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Pertama Maritim X26 Grade 54 Brigadier General
No Image No Equivalent No Equivalent Grade 52 No Equivalent
Captain Maritime / Malay: Kapten Maritim X24 Grade 48 Colonel
Commander Maritime / Malay: Komander Maritim X22 Grade 44 Lieutenant Colonel
Lieutenant Commander Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Komander Maritim X20 Grade 41 Major
Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Maritim X17/X18 Grade 41 Captain
Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Madya Maritim X16 Grade 32 Lieutenant
Acting Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Muda Maritim X13 Grade 27 Second Lieutenant
Warrant Officer I Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran I Maritim X12 Grade 26 Warrant Officer I
Warrant Officer II Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran II Maritim X10 Grade 22 Warrant Officer II
Chief Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Kanan Maritim X8 Grade 20 Staff Sergeant
Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Muda Maritim X6 Grade 20 Sergeant
Leading Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kanan Maritim X4 Grade 20 Corporal
Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas I Maritim X2 Grade 17 Lance Corporal
Junior Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas II Maritim X1 Grade 17 Junior Lance Corporal

Special Forces

The MMEA currently have their own Special Forces unit. Called the STAR (Special Task And Rescue). It is composed of members from the Royal Malaysian Air Force's PASKAU and Royal Malaysian Navy's PASKAL. Their task is to do hostage rescue works in shallow waters that are under MMEA's power. They are also tasked to do anti-terrorist actions in Malaysian waters alongside with the Malaysian Navy. The STAR team are considerably well trained as the members are taken from (Royal Malaysian Air Force) and the Royal Malaysian Navy Special Forces.

On 2 July 2009, the first batch of fresh commando units graduated from Basic Commando Selection alongside with the Royal Malaysian Airforce SFs, PASKAU. They were given American Styled ACUs (Army Combat Uniform), blue PASKAU berets and also the Malaysian Army Zebra Woodland Camouflage uniform.

Malaysian Maritime Zone

Ship Halilintar 8, maintaining safety during Regatta Lepa in Semporna

Internal waters and territorial sea

  • Territorial Sea: 12 nautical miles (22 km) from baseline
  • Sovereignty: part of the territory of Malaysia.
  • Subject to the right of innocent passage for all vessels

Contiguous zone

  • 24 nautical miles (44 km) from coast.
  • Jurisdiction to prevent or punish infringement of customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws.

Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)

  • 200 nautical miles (370 km) from coast.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed and water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: - construction of artificial islands- marine scientific research - protection and preservation of the marine environment.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including: freedoms of navigation, overflight, and laying of submarine cables.

Continental shelf

  • 200 nautical miles (370 km) or to the extent of the continental margin.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed but not the water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: -construction of artificial islands - drilling on the continental shelf.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including freedoms of navigation, overflight, laying of submarine cables and revenue sharing.

Strength and Equipment

MMEA Aircraft
Aircraft Photo Role Versions Inventory Notes
AgustaWestland AW139 Multi-purpose helicopter AW139 3 Used for SAR, coastal patrol and law enforcement duties
Eurocopter Dauphin Multi-purpose helicopter AS365 N3 3 Used for search and rescue and surveillance
Bombardier 415 Water bomber CL-415MP 2 Used for aerial firefighting
Eurocopter AS.365 Dauphin at Subang

MMEA Ships

Offshore Patrol Vessel

  • 2 x Langkawi Class Patrol Ship
  • 2 x Kapal Maritim Perwira (Ex- Australian Customs and Border Protection Service)

Patrol Vessels

  • 15 x Gagah Class Ship
  • 15 x Sipadan Class Ship
  • 5 x Ramunia Class Ship
  • 2 x Nusa Class Ship
  • 2 x Rhu Class Ship
  • 10 x Pengawal Class Ship
  • 1 x Peninjau Class Ship
  • 5 x Pelindung Class Ship
  • 5 x Semilang Class Ship
  • 2 x Penggalang Class Ship
  • 4 x Penyelamat Class Ship
  • 1 x Pengaman Class Ship
  • 38 x Kilat Class Ship
  • 4 x Malawali Class Ship

Training Vessel

  • 1 x Merlin Class Ship[1]


Standard Issue Infantry Weapons
Standard Issue Infantry Weapons Origin Versions Quantity Notes
Handgun Types
Glock 19  Austria Standard Not known -
Shotgun Types
Remington 870 Shotgun  United States Remington M870 Tactical Not known
Submachinegun Types
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Standard Unknown -
Heckler & Koch UMP  West Germany 9mm version Unknown -
Assault rifle Types
Heckler & Koch G36  Germany G36C Unknown Late on delivery caused to replace by SIG SG 553
Colt M4A1 Carbine  United States Standard Unknown STAR only
Colt M16A1  United States Standard Unknown Ex-PDRM and ex-MAF rifles
Steyr AUG  Austria Standard Unknown Ex-MAF
SIG 553   Switzerland Standard Unknown STAR only


Malaysia has called tender for 7 New Generation Patrol Craft (NGPC). Specifications for the ship are modern patrol vessel of about 45 metre in length from a proven hull design, seven days endurance and embarkation for 30 crew and 10 extra personnel. It shall be equipped with a RHIB and a 30mm main gun fitted in a remote weapon station (RWS). The ship is also need to be supplied with a UAV which is launched via catapult and recover by skyhook. RM393 million was allocated for this tender. There is plan for another 7 more vessel.


  1. ^

External links

  • Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.