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Manning, South Carolina

Manning, South Carolina
City
Location in Clarendon County, South Carolina
Location in Clarendon County, South Carolina
Coordinates:
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Clarendon
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Mayor Julia A. Nelson
Area
 • Total 2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)
 • Land 2.8 sq mi (7.2 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 125 ft (38 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,108
 • Estimate (2014) 4,059
 • Density 1,470/sq mi (567.5/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29102
Area code(s) 803
FIPS code 45-44350[1]
GNIS feature ID 1231518[2]
Website .org.cityofmanningwww

Manning is a city in South Carolina and the county seat of Clarendon County in the southeastern United States.[3] The population was 4,108 as of the 2010 census,[4] with an estimated population in 2014 of 4,059.[5] It was named after South Carolina governor John Laurence Manning.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Government 2
  • Media 3
  • Education 4
  • Geography 5
    • Adjacent counties 5.1
  • Demographics 6
  • Notable people 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

In 1855, the South Carolina Legislature appointed a group of commissioners to select and purchase a tract of land for "the Village of Manning" in the newly formed Clarendon County. According to the Watchmen, a local newspaper of the time, "the Legislature (had) granted a bill of divorce between Clarendon and Claremont (Sumter)."

Thirteen men were named as commissioners to select and acquire from 6 to 60 acres (2.4 to 24.3 ha) on which to lay out the new courthouse village: R. C. Baker, L. F. Rhame, J. C. Brock, W. W. Owens, Joseph Sprott, J. C. Burgess, M. T. Brogdon, J. J. Nelson, Samuel A. Burgess, J. J. McFadden, Jesse Hill, R. R. Haynsworth, and P. S. Worsham. Five other commissioners, R. I. Manning, L. F. Rhame, J. B. Brogdon, J. J. Conyers, and William A. Burgess, were later named when it came time to erect the courthouse and jail from a state appropriation of $18,000, plus whatever funds might be realized from the sale of lots. The site for the village was presented to the state by Captain Joseph Copley Burgess, and the Plat of Manning was prepared and filed in Sumter County Courthouse. (Captain Burgess had also donated land for the courthouse and jail in Manning.) On the second Monday of the following October, the new district officers were elected, and Clarendon began its separate existence from Sumter District with Manning as its county seat.[7]

The city was named for John Lawrence Manning, who was elected to both chambers in the General Assembly, and was subsequently chosen by the Assembly to serve as Governor of South Carolina from 1852 to 1854. George Allen Huggins was the first intendent (mayor) of Manning.

Manning's Post Office was established in 1856, and Thomas S. Coogler was the first Postmaster. Manning's first library, the Hannah Levi Memorial Library, was completed in 1910. It eventually became known as the Manning Library and was the only public library in the county. It became a county library in 1976 and continued to operate until the opening of the Harvin Clarendon County Library in 1984. The building now houses the Clarendon County Archives and History Center.

Manning was severely damaged several times over its history. A large portion of the original town, including the courthouse, was destroyed in the Civil War in 1865 during what is known as "Potter's Raid". This raid by Union troops took place only a few days before Gen. Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox. Manning was later struck by a downtown fire in 1895 and damaged by a tornado in 1915.

Railroads, abundant timber and diverse agriculture allowed Manning to flourish during the late 19th century and into the 20th century. In 1933, Highway 4 was changed to U.S. Route 301 and thanks in part to the efforts of Manning resident W. P. Legg, Manning and Clarendon County became a preferred route of the Washington to Florida motorist. Manning is along the I-95 corridor and attracts retirees looking for various recreational activities and mild climates.

As early as 1960 Manning was one of many towns across the South for the staging of peaceful Civil Rights demonstrations and sit-ins. Unlike in some other areas, the demonstrations in Manning occurred without significant incident, but helped belie the local media's message that black Carolinians accepted the status quo. Manning and the surrounding region was still adjusting to the decisions handed down in the Briggs v. Elliott and Brown v. Board of Education rulings against racial segregation in schools.[8]

In 1969 Pansy Ridgeway became the first woman to be elected mayor of Manning.[9] She served as mayor of Manning from 1970–96 and was the third woman elected mayor in South Carolina and the first woman elected president of the South Carolina Municipal Association.

Government

The city government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected at-large, and the council consists of six members who are elected from each of six districts.[10]

Manning is represented in the South Carolina Senate by John C. Land III, who was born in Manning. It is part of South Carolina's 6th congressional district which since January 1993 has been represented by Jim Clyburn.

Media

Manning is home to the Clarendon Citizen, the newspaper of record for the city of Manning and Clarendon County. The newspaper, led by Publisher Cleve Dowell, is published by locally owned Citizen Media, LLC, and has won numerous awards from the South Carolina Press Association. It is published every Wednesday, and has a weekly circulation of 12,000 copies in print that is distributed through U.S. Mail and free news racks in various locations throughout Manning and Clarendon County. The Clarendon Citizen also publishes an award winning website, Clarendon Citizen Online, that is updated daily.

Education

Manning is home to two high schools, Manning High School and Laurence Manning Academy. It is also the location of the F.E. DuBose Campus of Central Carolina Technical College[11]

Geography

Manning is located near the center of Clarendon County at (33.693998, -80.215408).[12] It is just to the east of Interstate 95 and at the intersection of U.S. 301 and U.S. 521. Via I-95 it is 48 miles (77 km) northeast to Florence and 35 miles (56 km) southwest to Interstate 26. US 301 leads northeast 18 miles (29 km) to Turbeville and southwest 10 miles (16 km) to Summerton, while US 521 leads northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Sumter and southeast 15 miles (24 km) to Greeleyville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Manning has a total area of 2.76 square miles (7.15 km2), all of it land.[4] It is just south of the Pocotaligo River, a tributary of the Black River.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,025 people, 1,550 households, and 1,063 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,671.1 people per square mile (644.8/km²). There were 1,727 housing units at an average density of 717.0 per square mile (276.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.36% African American, 35.80% White, 0.62% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

There were 1,550 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.3% were married couples living together, 29.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 80.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,483, and the median income for a family was $26,269. Males had a median income of $26,135 versus $19,086 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,502. About 23.8% of families and 30.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.5% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Manning city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 1, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 (PEPANNRES): Incorporated Places, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 1, 2015. 
  6. ^ "History of Manning". City of Manning. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  7. ^ Gregorie, Anne (1954). History of Sumter County. Sumter, South Carolina: Library Board of Sumter County. p. 232.  
  8. ^ Edgar, Walter (1998). South Carolina, A History. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina. p. 536.  
  9. ^ Edgar, Walter (1998). South Carolina, A History. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina. pp. 571–572.  
  10. ^ "Manning City Council". City of Manning. Retrieved 2010-03-16. 
  11. ^ The F.E. DuBose Campus of Central Carolina Technical College
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ Census Bureau data

External links

  • City of Manning official website
  • Clarendon County Archives and History Center
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