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Manuel Bulnes

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Subject: Conservative Party (Chile), List of Chile-related topics, 1851 Chilean Revolution, Francisco Antonio Pinto, José María de la Cruz
Collection: 1799 Births, 1866 Deaths, Candidates for President of Chile, Chilean Army Generals, Chilean Military Personnel of the War of the Confederation, Chilean People of Cantabrian Descent, Chilean People of Spanish Descent, Conservative Party (Chile) Politicians, Instituto Nacional Alumni, Members of the Chamber of Deputies of Chile, Members of the Senate of Chile, People from Concepción, Chile, People of the 1851 Chilean Revolution, People of the Chilean War of Independence, Presidents of Chile
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Manuel Bulnes

Manuel Bulnes
President of Chile
In office
18 September 1841 – 18 September 1851
Preceded by José Joaquín Prieto
Succeeded by Manuel Montt
Personal details
Born 25 December 1799
Concepción, Chile
Died 18 October 1866(1866-10-18) (aged 66)
Santiago, Chile
Political party Conservative Party
Spouse(s) Enriqueta Pinto
Children Lucia Bulnes de Vergara
Military service
Battles/wars

Chilean War of Independence

Chilean Civil War of 1829–30

Campaign against the Pincheira brothers

War of the Confederation

Revolution of 1851

Manuel Bulnes Prieto (December 25, 1799 – October 18, 1866) was a Chilean military and political figure. He was twice President of Chile, from 1841 to 1846 and from 1846 to 1851.

Born in Concepción, he served as the president of Chile between 1841 and 1851. At the age of 16 he was imprisoned as a revolutionary by the Spanish authorities, but was soon released, and in 1818 joined the army of San Martin under whom he served as colonel throughout the Chilean War of Independence. After three years of continuous warfare (1820–23), he accomplished the temporary conquest of the Arucanian Indians. He was appointed brigadier general in 1831. In 1832 he crossed the Cordillera and defeated decisively the Pincheira brothers in the battle of Epulafquén. Then Bulnes commanded the Chilean army in 1838 against Gen. Santa Cruz in Peru; and, after taking Lima and winning the battles of Huaraz and Puente del Buin, combined his forces with those of Gamarra and defeated Santa Cruz at the Battle of Yungay (January 19, 1839), thus putting an end to the confederation between Peru and Bolivia.

Presidency 1841 - 1851

His presidencies were characterised by educational and cultural expansion, supported by the encouragement of foreign intellectuals to come to Chile. The National Institute was reformed and several junior schools were established along with the José Abelardo Núñez Upper School. In Santiago the University of Chile was founded during his watch, in 1842.

Bulnes also presided over a general amnesty in order to reconcile the groups who had opposed one another in the Civil War of 1829.

Regarding the nation's strategic goals, Bulnes founded Fuerte Bulnes in 1843 in order to establish and enforce sovereignty over the Magellan Straits. The settlement was relocated to Punta Arenas six years later because the original site offered insufficient space for the development of a settled community: it was and remains the most southerly municipality in the world, and has been a focus for economic development in the south of the country. [[German Chilean#Colonization of Southern Chile

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