World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mar Mattai monastery

Article Id: WHEBN0003590006
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mar Mattai monastery  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nineveh plains, Bartella, Bakhdida, Syriac Orthodox monasteries, Baselios Solomon
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mar Mattai monastery

Monastery of St. Matthew
Mar Mattai monastery is located in Iraq
Location within Iraq
Monastery information
Other names Dayro d-Mor Mattai
Order Syriac Orthodox Church
Established 363
Dedicated to Mor Mattai
Site
Location near Bartella, Nineveh,  Iraq
Coordinates

Dayro d-Mor Mattai (Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܕܡܪܝ ܡܬܝ;The Monastery of St. Matthew, Arabic,دير مار متى) is located atop Mount Alfaf in northern Iraq and is 20 kilometers from Mosul. It is recognized as one of the oldest Christian monasteries in existence.

History

Mor Timothy Mosa Alshamany (2015), Archbishop of the monastery

The monastery was founded in 363 by the hermit, Mar Mattai who had fled persecution in Amid under the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate. According to Syriac tradition, he was involved in healing the sister of Mor Behnam and converting the brother and sister to Christianity. Their father, king Sennacherib of Assyria initially killed his son and daughter but later recanted and awarded Mattai a place atop Mount Alfaf to establish his monastery. Mattai was quickly joined by a small Syriac followers, and under his leadership that community developed a true monastic ethos.

The monastery is famous for its magnificent library and considerable collection of Syriac Christian manuscripts.[1] In 1171, the Kurds attacked the monastery and several manuscripts were damaged, some that survived were taken by monks to Mosul. In 1369, another Kurdish attack on the monastery damaged further manuscripts. During the 19th century, Kurds looted the monastery several times.[2]

The monastery is currently maintained by the Syriac Orthodox Church. Every year, Christians of various church denominations gather in the monastery on September 18 to commemorate the day of Mar Matti's death.[3]

References

  1. ^ Michael Goldfarb, Ahmad's War, Ahmad's Peace (New York: Carroll & Graf, 2005).
  2. ^ http://cso-france.voila.net/Monastere_Saint_Mattai.htm.
  3. ^ http://www.syrian-orthodox.com/readnews.php?id=215


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.