World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Marcus Bakker

Article Id: WHEBN0023688760
Reproduction Date:

Title: Marcus Bakker  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Communist Party of the Netherlands, Ina Brouwer, De Waarheid, December 24
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Marcus Bakker

Marcus Bakker
Parliamentary leader - Communist Party of the Netherlands
House of Representatives
In office
December 15, 1963 – September 7, 1982
Preceded by Paul de Groot
Succeeded by Ina Brouwer
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
November 7, 1956 – September 16, 1982
Personal details
Born Marcus Bakker
(1923-06-20)June 20, 1923
Zaandam, Netherlands
Died December 24, 2009(2009-12-24) (aged 86)
Zaandam, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Political party Communist Party of the Netherlands (1943–1991)
GreenLeft (1991–1999)
Spouse(s) Els Ezerman
Occupation Politician
Religion None (Atheism) [1]

Marcus Bakker (June 20, 1923 – December 24, 2009) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN) now merged into GreenLeft (GL). He was the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives from December 15, 1963 until September 7, 1982.


Early life

Bakker was the son of an accountant who worked for the slaughterhouse in Zaandam. He joined the then illegal Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN) in 1943, during World War II. After the war he became an editor of the communist daily newspaper De Waarheid and an official of the CPN.


In 1953, Bakker became editor-in-chief of De Waarheid, and in 1956 a Member of the House of Representatives. He was a confidant of the then party leader Paul de Groot, who took firm action against dissident movements within the party. Bakker wrote a book called De CPN in de oorlog (The CPN during the war, 1958), in which he accused prominent party members such as Gerben Wagenaar, Henk Gortzak, Frits Reuter and Bertus Brandsen of being spies. They were eventually expelled from the party.

In 1956, Bakker openly supported the crack down on demonstrations that expressed solidarity with the protests in Poznań in Communist-led Poland. Bakker did not accept criticism of the Soviet Union.

When the Netherlands were in the process of adopting a new constitution, the draft of Article 1 banned discrimination "on the grounds of religion, conviction, political orientation, race or gender". Bakker proposed to add "or any other ground" to this, which was accepted.

Life after politics

Bakker was succeeded as CPN leader by Ina Brouwer in 1982. He was not involved in the talks that led the party to merge with three other parties to form GreenLeft in 1991. He became a member of the new party, but cancelled his membership in 1999, when the party supported the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

Bakker published his memoirs, entitled Wissels - Bespiegelingen zonder berouw (Reflections without Contrition). He criticized his own role in the Cold War, but did not apologize for it. He also expressed regrets about labelling dissident party members spies. Bakker never distanced himself from communism as an ideology, although he stated that he felt 'used' by the communist practice in the Eastern Bloc. Particularly the revelation that the Soviet Union was behind the Katyn massacre was a disillusionment to Bakker.

The Marcus Bakkerzaal, a room in the current building of the Dutch House of Representatives, was named after Bakker in 1991.

Personal life

Bakker married Els Ezerman in 1946. The couple had five children. He died on December 24, 2009, at the age of 86.[2]


  • (Dutch) biography
  1. ^ (Dutch) Liberale jihad: atheïsten verklaren Kerstmis de oorlog
  2. ^ (Dutch) CPN-leider Marcus Bakker overleden
Party political offices
Preceded by
Paul de Groot
Party leader
Communist Party of the Netherlands

Succeeded by
Ina Brouwer
Preceded by
Paul de Groot
Parliamentary leader - Communist Party of the Netherlands
House of Representatives

Succeeded by
Ina Brouwer
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.