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Maria of Yugoslavia

Maria of Romania
Queen consort of Yugoslavia
Queen consort of Yugoslavia
Tenure 6 January 1929 – 9 October 1934
Queen consort of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
Tenure 8 June 1922 – 6 January 1929
Born (1900-01-06)6 January 1900
Gotha, German Empire
Died 22 June 1961(1961-06-22) (aged 61)
London, England
Burial Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, Windsor (1961–2013)
Royal Mausoleum Oplenac, Serbia (since 2013)
Spouse Alexander I of Yugoslavia
Issue Peter II of Yugoslavia
Prince Tomislav
Prince Andrew
House Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (by birth)
Karađorđević (by marriage)
Father Ferdinand I of Romania
Mother Marie of Romania
Religion Eastern Orthodox
Styles of
Queen Maria of Yugoslavia
Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am

Maria of Romania more commonly known as Maria of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Marija Karađorđević, Марија Карађорђевић; Romanian: 'Maria, Principesă a României'; 6 January 1900 – 22 June 1961) was the Queen of Yugoslavia as the wife of King Alexander. Her citizenship was revoked and her property confiscated by the communist Presidium of Yugoslavia in 1947, but she was "rehabilitated" in 2014.[1]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Marriage and children 2
  • Humanitarian work 3
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 4
    • Titles and styles 4.1
    • Honours 4.2
  • Ancestors 5
  • Sources 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Maria was born in Gotha, Thuringia, in Germany, during the reigns of her maternal grandfather Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, her grand-uncle King Carol I of Romania, and her great grandmother Queen Victoria. She was known as Mignon in the family to distinguish her from her mother. Her parents were Marie of Edinburgh and Ferdinand of Romania. She had three brothers and two sisters: Carol, future King of Romania (Carol II); Nicholas, Prince of Romania; Elisabeta, Princess of Romania and future Queen of Greece; Ileana, Princess of Romania and future Archduchess of Austria (Tuscan line); and another brother, Mircea, who died at age three.

During World War I, she worked as a nurse with her mother.

Marriage and children

Maria married Alexander I of Yugoslavia, King of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in Belgrade on 8 June 1922, and had three sons:

Following the assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia in Marseille in 1934, her oldest son became Peter II of Yugoslavia, the last Yugoslav king. She was given the title Queen Mother of Yugoslavia in 1941. She moved to a farm in England and lived a relatively normal life without royal extravagance. Maria was well educated. She spoke several languages fluently and enjoyed painting and sculpting. She also drove a car by herself, which was very unusual for royalty at the time.[2]

She died in exile in London on 22 June 1961 and was interred at the Royal Burial Ground at Frogmore, which adjoins Windsor Castle before her remains were transferred to Serbia in April 2013 and re-interred on 26 May 2013 in Oplenac, Serbia.[3]

Humanitarian work

Queen Maria of Yugoslavia in later years.

Queen Maria was popular and respected by the Serbian public, and is still well thought of in the region. She was regarded as an ideal wife and mother according to the contemporary Serbian ideal and described as a humble person. She was engaged in several social projects. In the eyes of the Serbian people, she remains one of the greateast patrons of charities in Serbia.

Streets are named in her memory, such as “Ulica kraljice Marije” or “Queen Maria Street”, and numerous schools and other organizations still carry her name.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 6 January 1900 – 8 June 1922: Her Royal Highness Princess Maria of Romania, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • 8 June 1922 – 6 January 1929: Her Majesty The Queen of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 6 January 1929 – 9 October 1934: Her Majesty The Queen of Yugoslavia
  • 9 October 1934 – 29 November 1945: Her Majesty Queen Maria of Yugoslavia
  • 29 November 1945 – 22 June 1961 in pretense: Her Majesty Queen Maria of Yugoslavia

Honours

Ancestors

Sources

  1. ^ Crnjanski Spasojević, V. "Rehabilitovana kraljica Marija Karađorđević". Večernje novosti. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  2. ^ "Yugoslavia's exiled queen". Daily Telegraph. 
  3. ^ Yugoslavia's exiled Queen returns home at long last
  4. ^ http://www.pinterest.com/pin/500181102336942476/
  5. ^ http://www.pinterest.com/pin/472315079643141094/
  6. ^ Order of the Star of Karađorđe

External links

  • Royal House of Yugoslavia
  • The Mausoleum of the Serbian Royal Family
Maria of Yugoslavia
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 6 January 1900 Died: 22 June 1961
Yugoslavian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Draga Obrenović
as Queen consort of Serbia
Queen consort of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
later of Yugoslavia

8 June 1922 – 9 October 1934
Vacant
Title next held by
Alexandra of Greece and Denmark
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