World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Marin county

Article Id: WHEBN0006465863
Reproduction Date:

Title: Marin county  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Seismometer, Alan Cooper, Pavlo Lazarenko
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Marin county

County of Marin
County
Marin County Civic Center

Location in the state of California

California's location in the United States
Country United States
State California
Region/Metro area San Francisco Bay Area
Incorporated February 18, 1850
County seat San Rafael
Largest city San Rafael
Government
 • Board of Supervisors
Area
 • Total 828.20 sq mi (2,145.0 km2)
 • Land 519.80 sq mi (1,346.3 km2)
 • Water 308.39 sq mi (798.7 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 252,409
 • Density 300/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.co.marin.ca.us

Marin County /məˈrɪn/ is a county located in the North San Francisco Bay Area of the State of California, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco County. As of 2010, its population was about 252,400. Its county seat is San Rafael and its largest employer is the county government. Marin County is well known for its natural beauty, liberal politics, and affluence. In May 2009, Marin County had the fifth highest income per capita in the United States at about $91,480.[1] The county is governed by the Marin County Board of Supervisors.

San Quentin Prison is located in the county, as is George Lucas' Skywalker Ranch. Autodesk, the publisher of AutoCAD, is also located there, as well as numerous other high-tech companies.

The Marin County Civic Center was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and draws thousands of visitors a year to guided tours of its arch and atrium design. In 1994, a new county jail facility was embedded into the hillside nearby.[2]

America's oldest cross country running event, the Dipsea Race, takes place annually in Marin County, attracting thousands of athletes. Mountain biking was invented on the slopes of Mount Tamalpais in Marin.[3]

Marin County's natural sites include the Muir Woods redwood forest, the Marin Headlands, Stinson Beach, the Point Reyes National Seashore, and Mount Tamalpais.

History

Marin County is one of the original 27 counties of California, created February 18, 1850, following adoption of the California Constitution of 1849 and just months before the state was admitted to the Union.[4]


The origin of the county's name is not clear. One version is the county was named after Chief Marin, of the Coast Miwok, Licatiut tribe of Native Americans who inhabited that section and waged fierce battle against the early Spanish military explorers. The other version is that the bay between San Pedro Point and San Quentin Point was named Bahía de Nuestra Señora del Rosario la Marinera in 1775, and it is quite possible that Marin is simply an abbreviation of this name.[5]

The Coast Miwok Indians were hunters and gatherers whose ancestors had occupied the area for thousands of years. About 600 village sites have been identified in the county. The Coast Miwok numbered in the thousands. Today there are few left, and even fewer with any knowledge of their Coast Miwok lineage. Efforts are being made so that they are not forgotten.[6]

The English explorer and privateer, Francis Drake and the crew of the Golden Hind was thought to have landed on the Marin coast in 1579 claiming the land as Nova Albion. A bronze plaque inscribed with Drake's claim to the new lands, fitting the description in Drake's own account, was discovered in 1933. This so-called Drake's Plate of Brass was revealed as a hoax in 2003.[7]

In 1595 Sebastian Cermeno lost his ship, the San Agustin, while exploring the Marin Coast. The Spanish explorer Vizcaíno landed about twenty years after Drake in what is now called Drakes Bay. However the first Spanish settlement in Marin was not established until 1817 when Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded partly in response to the Russian-built Fort Ross to the north in what is now Sonoma County.

Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded in what is now downtown San Rafael as the 20th Spanish mission in the colonial Mexican province of Alta California by four priests, Father Narciso Duran from Mission San Jose, Father Abella from Mission San Francisco de Asís, Father Gil y Taboada and Father Mariano Payeras, the President of the Missions, on December 14, 1817, four years before Mexico gained independence from Spain.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 828.20 square miles (2,145.0 km2), of which 519.80 square miles (1,346.3 km2) (or 62.76%) is land and 308.39 square miles (798.7 km2) (or 37.24%) is water.Assessor-Recorder's Office, as of June 2006, Marin had 91,065 acres (369 km2) of taxable land, consisting of 79,086 parcels with a total tax basis of $39.8 billion. These parcels are divided into the following classifications:

Parcel Type Tax ID Quantity Value
Vacant 10 6,900 $508.17 million
Single Family Residential 11 61,264 $30,137.02 million
Mobile Home 12 210 $7.62 million
House Boat 13 379 $61.83 million
Multi Family Residential 14 1,316 $3,973.51 million
Industrial Unimproved 40 113 $12.24 million
Industrial Improved 41 562 $482.83 million
Commercial Unimproved 50 431 $97.89 million
Commercial Improved 51 7,911 $4,519.64 million

Geographically, the county forms a large, southward-facing peninsula, with the Pacific Ocean to the west, San Pablo Bay and San Francisco Bay to the east, and – across the Golden Gate – the city of San Francisco to the south. Marin County's northern border is with Sonoma County.

Most of the county's population resides on the eastern side, with a string of communities running along San Francisco Bay, from Sausalito to Tiburon to Corte Madera to San Rafael. The interior contains large areas of agricultural and open space; West Marin, through which State Route 1 runs alongside the California coast, contains many small unincorporated communities whose economies depend on agriculture and tourism. West Marin has beaches which are popular destinations for surfers and tourists year-round.

Notable features of the shoreline along the San Francisco Bay include the Sausalito shoreline, Richardson Bay, the Tiburon Peninsula including Ring Mountain and Triangle Marsh at Corte Madera. Further north lies San Quentin State Prison along the San Rafael shoreline.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State and local protected areas

The Marin County Department of Parks and Open Space manages numerous county parks and open spaces, including Stafford Lake County Park. The Marin Municipal Water District has 130 miles of trails.

State Parks

Marine Protected Areas of Marin County

Like underwater parks, these marine protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems.

Ecology

Marin county is considered in the California Floristic Province, a zone of extremely high biodiversity and endemicism. There are numerous ecosystems present, including Coastal Strand, oak woodland, mixed evergreen forest, Coast Redwood Forests chaparral and riparian zones. There are also a considerable number of protected plant and animal species present: fauna include the California Red-legged Frog (Rana aurora draytonii) and California freshwater shrimp, while flora include Marin Dwarf Flax, Hesperolinon congestum; Tiburon Jewelflower, Streptanthus niger; and Tiburon Indian paintbrush, Castilleja neglecta. All of the county's beaches were listed as the cleanest in the state in 2010.[9]

A number of watersheds exist in Marin County including Walker Creek, Lagunitas Creek, Miller Creek, and Novato Creek.

The Lagunitas Creek Watershed is home to the largest-remaining wild run of Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in Central California. These coho are part of the "Central California Coast Evolutionarily Significant Unit," or CCC ESU, and are listed as "endangered" at both the state and federal level.

Significant efforts to protect and restore these fish have been underway in the Watershed since the 1980s. Fifty-percent of historical salmon habitat is now behind dams. Strong efforts are also being made to protect and restore undammed, headwater reaches of this Watershed in the San Geronimo Valley, where upwards of 40% of the Lagunitas salmon spawn each year and where as much as 1/3 of the juvenile salmon (or fry) spend their entire freshwater lives. The "Salmon Protection and Watershed Network"[10] leads winter tours for the public to learn about and view these spawning salmon, and also leads year-round opportunities for the public to get involved in stream restoration, monitoring spawning and smolt outmigration, juvenile fish rescue and relocation in the summer, and advocacy and policy development.

Around 490 different species of birds have been observed in Marin County.[11]

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850323
18603,334932.2%
18706,903107.0%
188011,32464.0%
189013,07215.4%
190015,70220.1%
191025,11459.9%
192027,3428.9%
193041,64852.3%
194052,90727.0%
195085,61961.8%
1960146,82071.5%
1970206,03840.3%
1980222,5688.0%
1990230,0963.4%
2000247,2897.5%
2010252,4092.1%
Est. 2012256,0691.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
2012 Estimate[20]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Marin County had a population of 252,409. The racial makeup of Marin County was 201,963 (80.0%) White, 6,987 (2.8%) African American, 1,523 (0.6%) Native American, 13,761 (5.5%) Asian, 509 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 16,973 (6.7%) from other races, and 10,693 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39,069 persons (15.5%).[21]

Demographic profile[22] 2010 2000 1990 1980
White 80.0% 84.0% 88.9% 92.8%
Asian 5.5% 4.5% 4.0% 3.0%
Black or African American 2.8% 2.9% 3.5% 2.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.2% 0.2%
Some other race 6.7% 4.5%
Two or more races 4.2% 3.5%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 15.5% 11.1% 7.4% 4.2%
White alone 72.8% 78.6% 84.6% 89.8%

2000

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 247,289 people, 100,650 households, and 60,691 families residing in the county. The population density was 476 people per square mile (184/km²). There were 104,990 housing units at an average density of 202 per square mile (78/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.0% White, 2.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. 11.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000, there were 100,650 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

Race and ethnicity

According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial composition of Marin County was as follows:

Place of birth

According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, 81.3% of Marin County's residents were native to the United States. Approximately 80.0% of the county's residents were born in one of the fifty states, while 1.3% were born in Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, or born abroad to American parents.

Foreign-born individuals made up the remaining 18.7% of the population. Latin America was the most common birthplace of foreign-born residents; those born in Latin America made up the plurality (42.2%) of Marin County's foreign population. Individuals born in Europe were the second largest foreign-born group; they made up 25.3% of Marin County's foreign population. Immigrants from Asia comprised 23.7% of the county's foreign population. Those born in other parts of North America and Africa made up 3.9% and 3.8% of the foreign-born populace respectively. Lastly, residents born in Oceania made up a mere 1.2% of Marin County's foreign population.

Source:[24]

Language

According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, English was the most commonly spoken language at home by residents over five years of age; those who spoke only English at home made up 77.1% of Marin County's residents. Speakers of non-English languages comprised the remaining 22.9% of the population. Speakers of Spanish made up 11.7% of the county's residents, while speakers of other Indo-European languages made up 7.1% of the populace. Speakers of Asian languages and indigenous languages of the Pacific islands made up 3.4% of the population. The remaining 0.7% spoke other languages.

Source:[24]

Ancestry

According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, there were sixteen ancestries in Marin County that made up over 1.0% of its population. The sixteen ancestries are listed below.

Source:[24]

Income

The median income for a household in the county was $71,306, and the median income for a family was $88,934. These figures had risen to $83,732 and $104,750 respectively as of 2007.[25] In May 2010, the county had the lowest unemployment rate in California.[26] According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in July 2010, however, Marin's unemployment rate rose to 8.3%.[27]

Government and infrastructure

San Quentin State Prison of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is located in the county. San Quentin houses the male death row and the execution chamber of California.[28]

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Marin County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 23.0% 30,880 74.4% 99,896 2.6% 3,473
2008 20.2% 28,384 78.0% 109,320 1.8% 2,493
2004 25.4% 34,378 73.2% 99,070 1.4% 1,877
2000 28.3% 34,872 64.2% 79,135 7.4% 9,148
1996 28.2% 32,714 58.0% 67,406 13.8% 16,020
1992 23.3% 30,479 58.3% 76,158 18.4% 24,070
1988 39.7% 46,855 58.9% 69,394 1.4% 1,671
1984 49.0% 56,887 49.6% 57,533 1.4% 1,630
1980 45.8% 49,678 36.2% 39,231 18.1% 19,598
1976 52.5% 53,425 42.9% 43,590 4.6% 4,700
1972 52.1% 54,123 45.6% 47,414 2.3% 2,346
1968 50.1% 41,422 43.8% 36,278 6.1% 5,055
1964 38.1% 28,682 61.6% 46,462 0.3% 220
1960 57.3% 37,620 42.5% 27,888 0.2% 157
1956 65.9% 33,792 33.8% 17,301 0.3% 151
1952 67.1% 31,178 31.9% 14,824 1.0% 475
1948 57.1% 18,747 38.2% 12,540 4.8% 1,568
1944 47.7% 13,304 52.0% 14,516 0.3% 76
1940 48.5% 10,974 50.2% 11,365 1.3% 301
1936 33.4% 6,211 65.4% 12,152 1.1% 209
1932 38.1% 6,480 57.5% 9,764 4.4% 752
1928 57.4% 7,862 41.5% 5,686 1.0% 140
1924 53.5% 5,780 6.1% 656 40.4% 4,364
1920 68.8% 5,375 21.6% 1,688 9.6% 750

Marin County is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by first-term Template:Representative.[30] Huffman previously represented Marin County in the California State Assembly from 2008 to 2012.

In the state legislature, Marin is in the 10th Assembly district, held by first-term Democrat Marc Levine, and the 2nd Senate district, held by second-term Democrat Noreen Evans.

Marin County tended to vote Republican for most of the 20th century. From 1948 to 1980, the only Democrat to win there was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. However, the brand of Republicanism prevailing in Marin County was historically a moderate one. Like most of the historically Republican suburbs of the Bay Area, it became friendlier to Democrats as the GOP moved rightward nationally. It narrowly voted for Walter Mondale in 1984, and has supported the Democratic candidate in every presidential election since then. Since the 1990s, it has become one of the Democrats' major strongholds in both California and the nation. Out of California counties, only San Francisco County and Alameda County voted more Democratic in the 2008 Presidential election, all three counties voted more heavily for Democratic Presidential candidate Barack Obama than Cook County, Illinois, Obama's home county.

Marin County vote
by party in gubernatorial elections
Year GOP DEM
2010 27.1% 30,920 70.4% 80,236
2006 45.8% 48,439 47.7% 50,441
2003 32.0% 31,321 47.8% 46,784
2002 27.9% 24,520 56.2% 49,512
1998 26.9% 27,392 68.9% 70,108
1994 43.4% 45,983 53.4% 56,665
1990 36.8% 35,563 59.2% 57,255
1986 56.5% 51,693 41.2% 37,686
1982 42.8% 42,260 53.2% 52,534
1978 33.5% 29,888 55.8% 49,759
1974 51.2% 40,619 45.8% 36,384
1970 56.6% 43,092 41.4% 31,525
1966 57.2% 40,411 42.8% 30,230
1962 53.7% 32,720 45.4% 27,664

Marin has been slightly more competitive when voting for governor. In 2006 Arnold Schwarzenegger lost the county by just under 2,000 votes. Marin has voted for many gubernatorial candidates who went on to become high profile national figures including Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Jerry Brown, and Diane Feinstein.

On Nov 4, 2008, the citizens of Marin County voted strongly against Proposition 8, a constitutional amendment which eliminated the right of same-sex couples to marry, by a 75.1 percent to 24.9 percent margin. The official tally was 103,341 against and 34,324 in favor.[31] Only San Francisco County voted against the measure by a wider margin (75.2% against).[32]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of October 22, 2012, Marin County has 155,025 registered voters, out of 176,604 eligible (87.78%). Of those, 84,374 (54.43%) are registered Democrats, 28,458 (18.36%) are registered Republicans, 7,000 (4.51%) are registered with other political parties, and 35,193 (22.70%) have declined to state a political party.[33] Democrats hold wide voter-registration majorities in all political subdivisions in Marin County, except for the affluent city of Belvedere, in which Democrats only hold a 60-vote (3.95%) registration advantage. Democrats' largest registration advantage in Marin is in the town of Fairfax, wherein there are only 391 Republicans (7.2%) out of 5,441 total voters compared to 3,496 Democrats (64.25%) and 1,145 voters who have declined to state a political party (21.04%).

"Marin County hot-tubber"

In 2002, former U.S. President George H.W. Bush denounced convicted American Taliban associate John Walker Lindh as "some misguided Marin County hot-tubber," as a reference to the county's liberal, "hippie" political culture. Outraged by the label, some local residents wrote scathing letters to the Marin Independent Journal, complaining of Bush's remarks. In response, Bush wrote a letter to readers in the same newspaper, admitting regret and promising to not use the phrases Marin County and hot tub "in the same sentence again."[34]

Transportation infrastructure


Major highways

Scenic roads

Public transportation

Golden Gate Transit provides service primarily along the U.S. 101 corridor, serving cities in Marin County, as well as San Francisco and Sonoma County. Service is also provided to Contra Costa County via the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge. Ferries to San Francisco operate from Larkspur and Sausalito. Ferry service from Tiburon is provided by Blue and Gold Fleet and by the Angel Island Ferry.

Local bus routes within Marin County are operated by Golden Gate Transit under contract with Marin Transit. Marin Transit also operates the West Marin Stage, serving communities in the western, rural areas of Marin County, the Muir Woods Shuttle, and 6 community shuttle routes.

The Marin Airporter offers scheduled bus service to and from Marin County and the San Francisco Airport. The lines run 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

Greyhound Lines buses service San Rafael.

Airports

Marin County Airport or Gnoss Field (ICAO: KDVO) is a general aviation airport operated by the County Department of Public Works. The nearest airports with commercial flights are San Francisco International Airport and Oakland International Airport as well as Charles M. Schulz - Sonoma County Airport north of Marin County.

Education

Marin County Free Library is the county library system. It is headquartered in San Rafael.[35] In addition the Belvedere-Tiburon Library is located in Tiburon.

Culture

  • Marin Museum of the American Indian
  • Marin Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Marin History Museum

Economy

As of 2011, the largest private-sector employers in Marin County were:[36]

  1. Kaiser Permanente (1,803 full-time employees in Marin County)
  2. Marin General Hospital (1,100)
  3. Fireman's Fund Insurance Company (950)
  4. Autodesk (878)
  5. BioMarin Pharmaceutical (871)
  6. Safeway Inc. (841)
  7. Comcast (620)
  8. Macy's (380)
  9. Bradley Real Estate (376)
  10. MHN (350)
  11. Dominican University of California (346)
  12. Wells Fargo (332)
  13. Kentfield Rehabilitation and Specialty Hospital (315)
  14. Community Action Marin (268)
  15. Costco (260)
  16. Brayton Purcell (256)
  17. CVS/pharmacy (232)
  18. Novato Community Hospital (227)
  19. Lucasfilm (220)
  20. Mollie Stone's Markets (190)
  21. Guide Dogs for the Blind (189)
  22. W. Bradley Electric (185)
  23. Bank of Marin (178)
  24. Cagwin & Dorward (175)
  25. Ghilotti Bros. (145)
  26. West Bay Builders (133)
  27. Villa Marin (130)

Media

Marin county has several media outlets that serve the local community.

Notable people

Cities, towns and unincorporated districts

Books and films

Marin County has been used as the venue for numerous films and books; in some cases these works have also incorporated scenes set in neighboring San Francisco or Sonoma County. The following are representative works produced in whole or in part in Marin County:

See also

San Francisco Bay Area portal

Notes

References

External links

  • County of Marin official website
  • Marin County – Untold Stories
  • Marin County Free Library
  • Information and resources for families in Marin
  • Marin County community profiles at the Marin Independent Journal
  • Marin County Arts
  • Marin County Fire Department
  • Marin County Sheriff's Search & Rescue

Coordinates: 38°02′N 122°44′W / 38.04°N 122.74°W / 38.04; -122.74

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.