Mary of Scotland, Countess of Boulogne

Mary of Scotland
Spouse Eustace III, Count of Boulogne
Issue
Matilda of Boulogne
House House of Dunkeld
Father Malcolm III of Scotland
Mother Margaret of Wessex
Born 1082
Died 1116

Mary of Scotland (1082–1116) was the younger daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and his second wife Margaret of Wessex. Mary was a member of the House of Dunkeld by birth, and was Countess of Boulogne by marriage.

Family

Mary was the youngest of eight children. Her brothers included: Edmund, Ethelred, Edgar, King of Alba, Alexander I of Scotland and David I of Scotland. Mary had only one sister, Matilda of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England. Mary was a maternal aunt of Empress Matilda, who pressed her claim on the Kingdom of England but lost out to her cousin, Stephen. Stephen was married to Matilda of Boulogne, Mary's daughter.

Early life

When Mary was about four years old, in 1086, she and her sister, Matilda, were sent by their parents to Romsey. Their maternal aunt, Christina, was abbess there.

The two girls spent their early life at the monastery with their aunt, where they also received part of their education. Some time before 1093, they went to Wilton Abbey, which also had a reputation as a centre of learning, to finish their education. One of its inhabitants was the poetess Muriel, who attracted much attention from scholars throughout Europe.[1] Matilda received many proposals for marriage but refused them all for the time being.

Matilda finally left the monastery in 1100 to marry King Henry I of England. At first the marriage was unacceptable, as Matilda and Mary had both spent their childhood in the abbey and were both considered to be nuns. Henry did however get permission to marry Matilda.

Marriage

Mary herself left the abbey in 1096. Matilda wanted her to also marry, so Henry I married her off to Eustace III, Count of Boulogne,[2] son of Eustace II of Boulogne and his wife, Ida of Lorraine. The marriage lasted for twenty years but only produced a daughter:

Mary died in 1116, nine years before her husband died. The same year of Eustace III's death, Matilda married Stephen.

Legacy

The daughters of Matilda and Mary of Scotland, both called Matilda, fought each other for control of England. Matilda of Boulogne raised an army after Matilda of the English had captured Stephen. Matilda of Boulogne won in the end. Stephen was released and was once again proclaimed King of England.

When Stephen died, he was forced to bequeath the English crown to his second cousin, Matilda of the English's son Henry. On Stephen's death, it seemed that Matilda of Scotland's daughter, Matilda, had won because her son and his descendants sat on the throne.

References

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