World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Maryon Pittman Allen

Article Id: WHEBN0000822363
Reproduction Date:

Title: Maryon Pittman Allen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: James Allen (U.S. Senator), 95th United States Congress, John Sparkman, List of living former United States Senators, Journalists from Mississippi
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Maryon Pittman Allen

Maryon Pittman Allen
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
June 8, 1978 – November 7, 1978
Appointed by George Wallace
Preceded by James B. Allen
Succeeded by Donald W. Stewart
Personal details
Born (1925-11-30) November 30, 1925
Meridian, Mississippi, USA
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) (1) Joshua Mullins (divorced);
(2) James B. Allen (his death)
Children

Three children

Two stepchildren
Religion Churches of Christ

Maryon Pittman Allen (born November 30, 1925) is an American journalist who served as United States Senator from Alabama for five months in 1978, after her husband, Senator James B. Allen, died in office.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Political spouse 2
  • U.S. Senate 3
  • Later years 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life

Maryon Pittman was born in Meridian, Mississippi, in 1925. The following year the family moved to Birmingham, Alabama, where her father established a tractor dealership and where she grew up and attended public school. From 1944 to 1947, she studied journalism at the University of Alabama but did not graduate. In 1946, while a student, she married Joshua Mullins. The couple had three children, who were still young in 1959 when the marriage ended in divorce.[1][2][3]

Following her divorce, she went to work, first as an insurance agent and later as the editor of the women's sections for five weekly newspapers in the Birmingham area. That experience led to a position as a staff writer for the Birmingham News. It was in that capacity that she met James "Jim" Allen, then lieutenant governor of Alabama, in 1964 when she interviewed him in connection with a speech he had delivered to the Alabama Federation of Women’s Clubs. She and Allen, a widower with two children, were attracted to each other and married in August 1964, after a courtship of just four months.[2][3]

Political spouse

Upon her second marriage, Maryon Pittman Allen became a political wife. As lieutenant governor, Jim Allen had to preside over the [4]

In 1967, the same year that her husband finished his term as lieutenant governor, Maryon Allen discovered that she had tuberculosis and underwent several months of treatment. The following year she wrote a series of articles for Alabama newspapers in which she described her experiences. Her articles described the care programs in Alabama hospitals and urged readers to get tuberculin tests and chest X-rays.[5][6][7]

In 1968, Jim Allen won election to the United States Senate. When he took office in January 1969, Maryon accompanied him to Washington, D.C.. She continued working as a journalist, writing a syndicated news column called “The Reflections of a News Hen” for newspapers in Alabama.[2][3] The column won Alabama Press Association awards as "best original column".[3]

U.S. Senate

Jim Allen died suddenly on June 1, 1978, the victim of a

United States Senate
Preceded by
James B. Allen
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
June 8, 1978 – November 7, 1978
Served alongside: John J. Sparkman
Succeeded by
Donald W. Stewart

External links

  1. ^ a b Maryon Pittman Allen at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Maryon Pittman Allen", Women in Congress (website) (Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives), retrieved March 3, 2012 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Elbert L. Watson (February 15, 2011), "Maryon Pittman Allen", Encyclopedia of Alabama 
  4. ^ "Allen's Widow is Named to Senate", New York Times, June 9, 1978 
  5. ^ Maryon Pittman Allen (January 2, 1968), "Shocking When You're Victim", The Tuscaloosa News 
  6. ^ Maryon Pittman Allen (January 4, 1968), "TB Stealthy, Don't Let It Surprise You", Gadsden Times (Gadsden, Alabama) 
  7. ^ Maryon Pittman Allen (January 13, 1968), "TB Victims Prepared for New Careers", Gadsden Times (Gadsden, Alabama) 
  8. ^ "Historical Essay: Assembling, Amplifying, and Ascending", Women in Congress (essay) (Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives), retrieved March 4, 2012 
  9. ^ "Women Representatives and Senators by Congress, 95th Congress, 1977–1979", Women in Congress (Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives), retrieved March 4, 2012 

References

After the end of her brief service in the Senate, Allen worked for a time as a columnist for The Washington Post.[1] In later years, she returned to Alabama, where she did public relations work for an antique dealer and auction house in Birmingham, where she still resides.[2][3]

Later years

During her time in office, Maryon Allen was one of only two women in the Senate. The other woman Senator, Muriel Humphrey, had been appointed in January 1978 to fill the seat vacated by the death of her husband, Hubert Humphrey. Muriel Humphrey also left the Senate in November 1978, immediately after the election of a successor.[9]

Following her appointment to the Senate, Allen decided to become a candidate in the November 1978 special election for the remaining two years of her husband's Senate term. Governor Wallace had been expected to seek the Senate seat, but he decided not to run, making Allen the favorite to win. However, she suffered serious damage to her public image after the Washington Post published an interview she had given to reporter Sally Quinn. Quinn quoted statements by Allen that appeared critical of Governor Wallace and his wife Lurleen Wallace. Allen said that Quinn had distorted her statements, but the comments alienated many Alabamians, and some questioned her judgment in sitting for an interview with the Post, which conservatives considered to be a liberal publication. She won a plurality in the September 5, 1978, Democratic primary election, receiving 44 percent of the vote, but failed to win the outright majority that was needed to avoid a runoff. In the runoff held on September 26, she lost to State Senator Donald W. Stewart by more than 120,000 votes. Stewart went on to win the general election on November 7, and Allen left the Senate the following day.[2][3]

In October 1978, she voted for a proposal to allow states that had ratified the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to rescind their ratification. At the time, 35 states had ratified the ERA, three short of the total that would be needed before March 1979 in order to add the ERA to the U.S. Constitution. The proposal to allow states to rescind their ratifications failed to win a majority, and the Senate went on to join the House in voting to give states three additional years to ratify the ERA, but no additional states ratified it, so it failed.[2]

In the Senate, she gained assignments to two of the committees on which her husband had served, Judiciary and Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, but was unsuccessful in her effort to get appointed to the Rules and Administration Committee.[2] She was the first woman to serve on the Senate Judiciary Committee.[8]

[2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.