World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0001120167
Reproduction Date:

Title: Matrimandir  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Auroville, Sri Aurobindo, Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Puducherry, Tourism in Tamil Nadu
Collection: Meditation, Sri Aurobindo, Tourism in Tamil Nadu, Visionary Environments
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Auroville Matri Mandir
General information
Town or city Auroville
Country Tamil Nadu, India
Groundbreaking 21 February 1971
Completed February 2008
Design and construction
Architect The Mother
Roger Anger
Matrimandir and the banyan tree, the centre of Auroville

The Matrimandir (Sanskrit for Temple of The Mother) is an edifice of spiritual significance for practitioners of Integral yoga, situated at the centre of Auroville initiated by The Mother of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. It is called soul of the city and is situated in a large open space called Peace. Matrimandir does not belong to any particular religion or sect.


  • Structure and surroundings 1
  • Controversies 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Structure and surroundings

The Matrimandir took 37 years to be built, from the laying of the foundation stone at sunrise on 21 February 1971 - the Mother’s 93rd birthday - to completion in May 2008. It is in the form of a huge sphere surrounded by twelve petals. The Geodesic dome is covered by golden discs and reflects sunlight, which gives the structure its characteristic radiance. Inside this central dome is a meditation hall known as the inner chamber - this contains the largest optically-perfect glass globe in the world. The Matrimandir, and its surrounding gardens in the central Peace Area, is fully open to the public by appointment.

Matrimandir, Auroville

The four main pillars that support the structure of Matrimandir, and carry the Inner Chamber, have been set at the four main directions of the compass. These four pillars are symbolic of the four aspects of the mother as described by Sri Aurobindo, and are named after these four aspects.

Name Symbolism
Maheshwari (south pillar) "...her personality of calm wideness and comprehending wisdom and tranquil benignity and inexhaustible compassion and sovereign and surpassing majesty and all-ruling greatness".[1]
Mahakali (north pillar) "...her power of splendid strength and irresistible passion, her warrior mood, her overwhelming will, her impetuous swiftness and world-shaking force".[1]
Mahalakshmi (east pillar) "...vivid and sweet and wonderful with her deep secret of beauty and harmony and fine rhythm, her intricate and subtle opulence, her compelling attraction and captivating grace".[1]
Mahasaraswati (west pillar) "...equipped with her close and profound capacity of intimate knowledge and careful flawless work and quiet and exact perfection in all things".[1]
Matri Mandir


Patrizia Norelli-Bachelet, founder of Aeon Center for Cosmology, contends that the Matrimandir was not built according to the specifications of the Mother's original blueprints.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e Aurobindo, Sri. The Mother p36-37 (Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust, 1987, ISBN 81-7058-059-5)
  2. ^ Matrimandir action committee

External links

  • Matrimandir-The soul of the city
  • Matrimandir Journal
  • Chronicles of the Inner Chamber - by the 'Matrimandir Action Committee'
  • Matrimandir travel guide from Wikivoyage
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.