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McHenry County, Illinois

McHenry County, Illinois
Old McHenry County Courthouse in Woodstock
Seal of McHenry County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting McHenry County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1836
Named for William McHenry
Seat Woodstock
Largest city Crystal Lake
Area
 • Total 611 sq mi (1,582 km2)
 • Land 603 sq mi (1,562 km2)
 • Water 7.6 sq mi (20 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 308,760
 • Density 512/sq mi (198/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 14th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .us.il.mchenry.cowww

McHenry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 308,760,[1] making it the sixth-most populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Woodstock.[2]

McHenry County is one of the five collar counties of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. Long known as a center of agriculture and recreation, it has more recently experienced rapid rates of suburbanization and urbanization, but remains primarily agricultural and rural.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Historical sites 1.1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
  • Climate and weather 3
  • Government 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Politics 6
  • Education 7
  • Medical facilities 8
  • Economy 9
    • Shopping 9.1
  • Recreation 10
  • Culture 11
  • Transportation 12
    • Major highways 12.1
    • Mass transportation 12.2
    • Airports 12.3
  • Media 13
  • Communities 14
    • Cities 14.1
    • Villages 14.2
    • Census-designated places 14.3
    • Unincorporated communities 14.4
    • Townships 14.5
  • See also 15
  • Notes 16
  • References 17
  • Further reading 18
  • External links 19

History

McHenry County was formed in 1836 out of Cook and LaSalle counties. The county was named for Major William McHenry, an Indian fighter who died in Vandalia in 1835.

McHenry County originally stretched all the way east to Lake Michigan, with the county seat centrally in McHenry, but in 1839, the eastern townships of the county were carved out to form Lake County.

Historical sites

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 611 square miles (1,580 km2), of which 603 square miles (1,560 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.3%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties

Climate and weather

Woodstock, Illinois
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.5
 
 
28
11
 
 
1.3
 
 
33
16
 
 
2.4
 
 
45
26
 
 
3.7
 
 
59
37
 
 
4.1
 
 
71
47
 
 
4.6
 
 
81
57
 
 
3.9
 
 
85
62
 
 
4.5
 
 
82
60
 
 
3.3
 
 
75
51
 
 
2.6
 
 
63
39
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
29
 
 
2
 
 
33
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Woodstock have ranged from a low of 11 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.29 inches (33 mm) in February to 4.56 inches (116 mm) in June.[4]

McHenry County is like much of the Upper Midwest, as it usually sees hot, humid summers, and cold, snowy winters. The county is notably susceptible to high wind events, blizzards, severe thunderstorms, tornadoes, and flooding.

Some of the most notable weather events in the county include the 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak, the Blizzard of 1967, the 1967 Belvidere - Oak Lawn tornado outbreak, the Blizzard of 1979, the Flood of 1996, the Blizzard of 1999, the Early Winter 2006 North American Storm Complex, the 2007 Midwest flooding event, the January 2008 tornado outbreak sequence, and the Blizzard of 2011.

Government

McHenry County government is based primarily out of Woodstock, the county seat. The McHenry County Government Center, located on the north end of Woodstock along Illinois Route 47, features county offices as well as judicial facilities.

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 308,760 people, 109,199 households, and 82,288 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 511.9 inhabitants per square mile (197.6/km2). There were 116,040 housing units at an average density of 192.4 per square mile (74.3/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 90.1% white, 2.5% Asian, 1.1% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 4.3% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 11.4% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 34.4% were German, 18.7% were Irish, 14.2% were Polish, 10.8% were Italian, 7.8% were English, and 3.7% were American.[11]

Of the 109,199 households, 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.25. The median age was 38.0 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $76,482 and the median income for a family was $86,698. Males had a median income of $61,971 versus $42,125 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,838. About 4.9% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Politics

The county has voted for the Republican candidate for President in all but one election since 1948. Recent elections in 2004 and 2000 saw 2008 Presidential Election, Democrat Barack Obama captured McHenry County with 52% of the vote—the first time a Democrat had carried the county since 1944. In the 2012 Presidential Election, Obama only received 44% of the vote whereas Republican Mitt Romney captured 53% of the vote.[13]

Education

McHenry County College, a rapidly growing community college established in 1967, serves the majority of county residents. The college includes 2,000 full-time students and 5,800 part-time students. The main campus is located on the northwest side of Crystal Lake, along U.S. Route 14. Secondary facilities exist in Crystal Lake and McHenry.

McHenry County also includes dozens of school districts. There are also several high schools in the county. The largest high schools are McHenry High School East and West, Johnsburg High School, Woodstock High School, Woodstock North High School, Prairie Ridge High School, Crystal Lake Central High School, Crystal Lake South High School, Cary-Grove High School, Harry D. Jacobs High School, and Huntley High School, all of which are part of the Fox Valley Conference. Harvard High School, Richmond-Burton Community High School, and Marengo Community High School are part of the Big Northern Conference. Alden-Hebron High School, Faith Lutheran High School, and Marian Central Catholic High School are also found in the county.

Medical facilities

McHenry County is gradually gaining a reputation as an important center of health care, due to its unique location and proximity to a wide range of hospital systems. Hospitals currently in the county include Mercy Harvard Hospital, Centegra Northern Illinois Medical Center in McHenry, and Centegra Memorial Medical Center in Woodstock. There are also plans to build a Centegra hospital in Huntley or Mercy hospital in Crystal Lake. Provena, Advocate, and Sherman also maintain a strong presence in the county, and have hospitals in nearby Elgin and Barrington.

Economy

Much of McHenry County's economy centers around manufacturing, metalworking, media development and printing, transportation equipment, agriculture, health care, education, retail, food production, distribution, and technology.

The major employment centers can be found in Crystal Lake, Algonquin, Huntley, McHenry, and Woodstock.

The southern portions of the county are within the scope of the Golden Corridor, the region of commerce along the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway.

Shopping

The county is known for its wide variety of shopping options. McHenry, Crystal Lake, and Algonquin/Lake in the Hills have established themselves as major retail areas, all featuring an array of big box stores, specialty stores, and restaurants. While there are no major malls located within the county, several lie just outside its borders: the lifestyle centers Algonquin Commons and Algonquin Galleria, the Huntley Prime Outlets outlet mall, and the regional indoor mall Spring Hill Mall in West Dundee.

In addition, several historic downtowns throughout the county offer unique shops and eateries in charming environments. The Woodstock Square Historic District, antique shops in Richmond and Hebron, downtown Crystal Lake and downtown Algonquin, and shops in other historic downtowns throughout the county accommodate residents and tourists alike. McHenry's Green Street is also a major attraction in the county.

Recreation

The entire county is served by the McHenry County Conservation District, which preserves sensitive land throughout the county and provides recreational opportunities for residents. The District also operates the McHenry County Prairie Path, a regional bike path that extends from the Wisconsin State Line in Richmond southward to Algonquin, where the path connects with the Fox River Bike Trail, which continues south to Aurora.

In addition, the Fox River and Chain O'Lakes provide immense opportunities for boating, fishing, swimming, and other water activities. Moraine Hills State Park and Chain O' Lakes State Park are both located in the county, adjacent to the waterway. Other major lakes in the county include Crystal Lake, Wonder Lake, and McCullom Lake.

There are also dozens of parks, golf courses, and country clubs throughout the county.

Major skiing areas include Nordic Ski Jump in Fox River Grove and Buffalo Snowboarding Park in Algonquin. In addition, the Windy City Balloon Port in Fox River Grove offers hot air balloon rides over the Fox River Valley.

Culture

McHenry County has an active art and theater scene. The historic Woodstock Opera House and Crystal Lake's Raue Center for the Arts both provide exceptional programs. In addition, Algonquin is noted for its Public Art Program, which showcases artwork year-round throughout the community. The county is also ideal for photography and filming. Much of the filming for the 1993 movie Groundhog Day took place in Woodstock.

There are also several important points of interest in the county including the Charles H. Hibbard House, the Terwilliger House, the Count's House, and the Dole Mansion.

Throughout the year are a variety of festivals throughout the county, the centerpiece of which is the McHenry County Fair, occurring during a week in August in Woodstock. Many towns also have their own festivals throughout the year. Some of the most notable ones are the Ground Hog Days in Woodstock, Fall Fest in Huntley, the Summer Sunset Festival in Lake in the Hills, the Gala Festival in Crystal Lake, Milk Days in Harvard, Settler's Days in Marengo, Cary Days in Cary, Founders Days in Algonquin, and Fiesta Days in McHenry.

Transportation

Major highways

Several Federal and state highways run through McHenry County, including U.S. Highway 20, U.S. Highway 14, U.S. Highway 12, Illinois Route 23, Illinois Route 173, Illinois Route 120, Illinois Route 176, Illinois Route 47, Illinois Route 31, and Illinois Route 62. Highly traveled county highways include Randall Road, Algonquin Road, Rakow Road, and Walkup Road. Interstate 90 passes through McHenry County but does not have any highway interchange in McHenry County. Interstate 94 lies to the east of McHenry County in Lake County, Illinois.

McHenry County is also the most populous county in the United States without direct access to an Interstate Highway within its borders. As a result, residents usually use the nearby Interstate 90 (the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway), via an interchange two miles south of the county in Kane County, to access the interstate highway system.

Mass transportation

McHenry County is also served by Metra Rail, which provides daily commuter service to and from downtown Chicago. There are seven stations in the county, all of them located along the Union Pacific/Northwest Line. The county is also served by Pace, which provides three fixed bus routes (806,807,808), and MCRide Dial-A-Ride transit service operated by Pace and First Transit.

Airports

Lake in the Hills Airport offers general aviation service, as do Dacy Airport and Galt Airport, in the northern part of the county. Chicago-O'Hare International Airport is approximately 30 to 40 miles from the county, while Milwaukee's General Mitchell International Airport is approximately 50 to 60 miles away. Chicago Rockford International Airport, a busy cargo airport with limited, scheduled passenger service is located approximately 42 miles west of the central part of the county (Woodstock).

Media

McHenry County is entirely within the scope of the Chicago media market and the majority of the county relies primarily on Chicago television stations, radio stations, and newspapers for the source of its news and information. Certain sections of the county, particularly the rural far northern and far western parts, are also within the scope of the Milwaukee and Rockford media markets, respectively.

The county does have two FM radio stations WZSR - Star 105.5 FM), which plays mostly adult contemporary and pop music, WFXF - 103.9 The Fox, a classic rock station; and one AM radio station (WAIT - 850 AM). WZSR and WFXF are based out of Crystal Lake as is WAIT.

The Northwest Herald, with a circulation of almost 39,000, is the county's primary newspaper, serving the greater McHenry County area, and printed and published in Crystal Lake. The county is also served by the larger Chicago newspapers Chicago Tribune, Chicago Sun-Times, and the suburban-focused newspaper The Daily Herald. McHenry County Living, a bimonthly lifestyle magazine serving the county, also reaches tens of thousands of area residents and businesses. There are also several weekly publications throughout the county, focusing on the individual municipalities.

In western McHenry county, The Marengo-Union Times is the publication of record serving the Marengo and Union area. It is mailed to every home, apartment, and business in the 60152 and 60180 zip codes, with additional distribution to local stores and restaurants. The entire print editions can be read on The Marengo-Union Times website, marengo-uniontimes.com.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Woodstock, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  13. ^ "mcvote". Mcvote.com. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division.  

Further reading

  • Dupré, D.H. and D.M. Robertson. (2004). Water quality of Nippersink Creek and Wonder Lake, McHenry County, Illinois, 1994-2001 [Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5085]. Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links

  • McHenry County official website
  • Major William McHenry
  • McHenry County Historical Society
  • History of McHenry County Towhships
  • United Way of McHenry County
  • McHenry County Woman Newspaper
  • McHenry County Conservation District
  • McHenry County at The Crittenden Automotive Library
  • The Land Conservancy of McHenry County
  • McHenry County College
  • The Marengo-Union Times

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