World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Merle Oberon

Merle Oberon
Born Estelle Merle Thompson
(1911-02-19)19 February 1911
Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died 23 November 1979(1979-11-23) (aged 68)
Malibu, California, United States
Occupation Actress
Years active 1928-1973
Spouse(s) Alexander Korda (1939–45)
Lucien Ballard (1945–49)
Bruno Pagliai (1957–73)
Robert Wolders (1975–79)
Children Francesca Pagliai (daughter)
Bruno Pagliai Jr. (son)

Merle Oberon (19 February 1911 – 23 November 1979) was an Anglo-Indian actress.[1] She began her film career in British films as Anne Boleyn in The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933). After her success in The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934), she travelled to the United States to make films for Samuel Goldwyn. She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in The Dark Angel (1935). A traffic collision in 1937 caused facial injuries that could have ended her career, but she soon followed this with her most renowned performance in Wuthering Heights (1939).

Throughout her adult life, in order to conceal her Indian heritage she maintained the fiction that she was born in Tasmania, Australia; she concocted a story that all her school records had been destroyed in a fire, which meant it could be neither proven nor disproven. She maintained these fictions throughout her professional life. The year before she died she finally admitted this story was not true, and records located since her death have confirmed her true origin.


  • Early life 1
  • Acting career 2
  • Death 3
  • Disputed birthplace 4
  • Filmography 5
    • Features 5.1
    • Short subjects 5.2
  • Radio appearances 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
    • Notes 8.1
    • Bibliography 8.2
  • External links 9

Early life

Estelle Merle Thompson was born in

External links

  • Bowden, Tim. The Devil in Tim: Penelope's Travels in Tasmania. London: Allen & Unwin, 2008. ISBN 978-1-74175-237-3.
  • Casey, Bob. Merle Oberon: Face of Mystery. Hobart, Tasmania, Australia: Masterpiece@IXL, 2008. ISBN 978-0-98054-822-8.
  • Higham, Charles and Roy Moseley. Princess Merle: The Romantic Life of Merle Oberon. New York: Coward-McCann Inc., 1983. ISBN 978-0-69811-231-5.
  • Pybus, Cassandra. Till Apples Grow on an Orange Tree. St Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0-70222-986-2.


  1. ^ a b c Merle Oberon: Hollywood's Face of Mystery
  2. ^ Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 24.
  3. ^ Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 25.
  4. ^ Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 21.
  5. ^ a b Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 18.
  6. ^ "Merle Oberon." Retrieved: 16 July 2009.
  7. ^ a b ""ABC TV documentary: The Trouble With Merle."". Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Higham & Moseley 1983, pp. 25–26.
  9. ^ a b Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 28.
  10. ^ Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 30.
  11. ^ Datta-Ray, Sunanda K. "More than skin-deep." Business Standard, New Delhi, 4 July 2009. Retrieved: 16 July 2009.
  12. ^ a b c d Higham & Moseley 1983, pp. 33–34.
  13. ^ a b Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 37.
  14. ^ Higham & Moseley 1983, p. 38.
  15. ^ Film Weekly, May 1939, p. 7.
  16. ^ Higham and Mosley 1983, P. 94.
  17. ^ Munn, Michael (2010). David Niven: The Man Behind the Balloon. London: JR Books. p. 70.  
  18. ^ a b Higham and Moseley 1983.
  19. ^ Kahn, Salma. "Hollywood's first Indian actress: Merle Oberon." SAPNA Magazine, Winter 2009.
  20. ^ Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 100.
  21. ^ Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 161.
  22. ^ "Villa Arabesque", the luxurious house where Mohammed Reza Pahlevi didn't actually live (in Spanish)." Retrieved: 22 June 2013.
  23. ^ "Merle Oberon". Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  24. ^ Higham and Moseley 1983, p. 291.
  25. ^ a b c Pybus 1998, p. 161.
  26. ^ """Oberon, Cotten Star on "Guild. Harrisburg Telegraph. December 14, 1946. p. 17. Retrieved September 11, 2015 – via  



See also

Year Program Episode/source
1946 Screen Guild Players This Love of Ours[26]

Radio appearances

  • Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 4 (1936)
  • Hollywood Goes to Town (1938)
  • Assignment: Foreign Legion (1956/7 TV episodes)

Short subjects



Oberon is known to have been to Australia only twice.[25] Her first visit was in 1965, on a film promotion. Although a visit to Hobart was scheduled, she became ill after journalists in Sydney pressed her for details of her early life, and she left for Mexico shortly afterwards.[25] In 1978, the year before her death, she agreed to visit Hobart for a Lord Mayoral reception. The Lord Mayor of Hobart became aware shortly before the reception that there was no proof she had been born in Tasmania, but went ahead with the reception to save face. However, shortly after arriving at the reception, Oberon denied she had been born in Tasmania, to the disappointment of many. She then excused herself, claiming illness; whether ill or not, this meant she was unavailable to answer any more questions about her background. On the way to the reception, she had told her driver that as a child she was on a ship with her father, who became ill when it was passing Hobart. They were taken ashore so he could be treated, and as a result she spent some of her early years on the island. This story, too, seems to have been a fabrication. During her Hobart stay, she remained in her hotel, gave no other interviews, and did not visit the theatre named in her honour.[25]

Oberon claimed that she was born and raised in Tasmania, Australia. The story of her alleged Tasmanian connections was comprehensively debunked after her death.[24]

Disputed birthplace

Michael Korda, nephew of Alexander Korda, wrote a roman à clef about Oberon after her death entitled Queenie. This was also turned into a television miniseries starring Mia Sara.

Merle Oberon has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (at 6250 Hollywood Boulevard) for her contributions to Motion Pictures.

She married twice more, to Italian-born industrialist, Bruno Pagliai (with whom she adopted two children; they lived in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico)[22] and Dutch actor Robert Wolders – later companion to actresses Audrey Hepburn and Leslie Caron – before her retirement in Malibu, California, where she died, aged 68, after suffering a stroke. She was interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.[23]

Merle Oberon became Lady Korda when her husband was knighted in 1942. At the time, the couple were based at Hills House in Denham, England. She divorced him in 1945, to marry cinematographer Lucien Ballard. Ballard devised a special camera light for her to eliminate her facial scars on film. The light became known as the "Obie".[21]


Merle Oberon had a brief affair in 1941 with Richard Hillary, an RAF fighter pilot who had been badly burned in the Battle of Britain. They met while he was on a good-will tour of the United States. He later became well known as the author of a best-selling book, The Last Enemy.

Charlotte died in 1937. In 1949 Oberon commissioned paintings of her mother from an old photograph.[19] The paintings hung in all her homes until Oberon's own death in 1979.[20]

According to Princess Merle, the biography written by Charles Higham with Roy Moseley, Oberon suffered even further damage to her complexion in 1940 from a combination of cosmetic poisoning and an allergic reaction to sulfa drugs. Alexander Korda sent her to a skin specialist in New York City, where she underwent several dermabrasion procedures.[18] The results, however, were only partially successful; without makeup, one could see noticeable pitting and indentation of her skin.[18]

She was selected to star in Korda's film A Song to Remember (1945) and as the Empress Josephine in Désirée (1954).

Oberon's career benefited from her relationship, and later marriage, to Korda. He sold "shares" of her contract to producer Samuel Goldwyn, who gave her good vehicles in Hollywood. Her "mother" stayed behind in England. Oberon earned her sole Academy Award for Best Actress nomination for The Dark Angel (1935) produced by Goldwyn. Around this time she had a serious romance with David Niven, and according to his authorized biography, even wanted to marry him, but he wasn't faithful to her.[17]

Her film career received a major boost when the director Alexander Korda took an interest and gave her a small but prominent role, under the name Merle Oberon, as Anne Boleyn in The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933) opposite Charles Laughton. The film became a major success and she was then given leading roles, such as Lady Blakeney in The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934) with Leslie Howard, who became her lover for a while.[16]

Oberon arrived in England for the first time in 1928, aged 17. Initially she worked as a club hostess under the name Queenie O'Brien and played in minor and unbilled roles in various films. "I couldn't dance or sing or write or paint. The only possible opening seemed to be in some line in which I could use my face. This was, in fact, no better than a hundred other faces, but it did possess a fortunately photogenic quality," she modestly told a journalist at Film Weekly in 1939.[15] In view of the information discovered since this 1939 article (see preceding section) this should be seen as part of a myth perpetrated by Oberon, since apparently she did not reach Europe until 1929.

Merle Oberon in Affectionately Yours (1941)

Acting career

In 1929, Merle met a former actor named Colonel Ben Finney at Firpo's, and dated him.[12] However, when he saw Oberon's dark-skinned mother one night at her flat, and realised Oberon was mixed-race, he decided to end the relationship.[12] However, Finney promised to introduce her to Rex Ingram of Victorine Studios, if she was prepared to travel to France.[12] which she readily did.[12] After packing all their belongings and moving to France, Oberon and her mother found that their supposed benefactor avoided them,[13] although he had left a good word for Oberon with Ingram at the studios in Nice.[13] Ingram liked Oberon's exotic appearance and quickly hired her to be an extra in a party scene in a film named The Three Passions.[14]

Oberon first performed with the Calcutta Amateur Dramatic Society. She was also completely enamored of the films and enjoyed going out to nightclubs. Indian journalist Sunanda K. Datta-Ray claimed that Merle worked as a telephone operator in Calcutta under the name Queenie Thomson, and won a contest at Firpo's Restaurant there, before the outset of her film career.[11]

In 1914, Arthur Thompson joined the British Army and later died of pneumonia on the Western Front during the Battle of the Somme.[8] Merle, with Charlotte, led an impoverished existence in shabby Bombay flats for a few years. Then, in 1917, they moved to better circumstances in Calcutta.[9] Oberon received a foundation scholarship to attend La Martiniere Calcutta for Girls, one of the best private schools in Calcutta.[9] There, she was constantly taunted for her unconventional parentage and eventually quit school and received her lessons at home.[10]

When Harry Selby tracked down Merle's birth certificate in Indian government records in Bombay (Mumbai), he was surprised to discover he was in fact Merle's brother and not her nephew. He attempted to visit her in Los Angeles, but she refused to see him. Harry withheld this information from Oberon's biographer Charles Higham, only eventually revealing it to Maree Delofski, the creator of The Trouble with Merle, a 2002 documentary produced by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, which investigated the various conflicting versions of Merle's origin.[7]

Constance eventually married and had four other children, Edna, Douglas, Harry and Stanislaus (Stan) with her husband Alexander Soares. Edna and Douglas moved at an early age to the UK and Harry later in life moved to Toronto, Canada and retained Constance's maiden name, Selby. Stanislaus was the only child to keep his father's last name of Soares and he currently resides in Surrey, British Columbia, Canada. All the siblings reportedly believed Merle to be their aunt (the sister of their mother Constance), when in fact she was their half-sister.

However, at the age of fourteen, Charlotte had in Ceylon given birth to her first child Constance, the result of a relationship with Henry Alfred Selby, an Irish foreman of a tea planter,[5] and Constance, twelve at the time of Merle's birth, was actually her biological mother. Despite this, Charlotte raised Merle as her own child and as Constance's sister.[6][7] Charlotte's partner, Arthur Thompson, was listed as the father in Merle's birth certificate, with the forename misspelled as "Arther".[1]

Over the years, Oberon obscured her parentage. Some sources claim Merle's parents to have been Arthur Terrence O'Brien Thompson, a British mechanical engineer from Darlington, who worked in Indian Railways,[4] and Charlotte Selby, a Eurasian from Ceylon with partial Māori heritage.[5]


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.