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Mersham

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Title: Mersham  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: HMS Mersham (M2709), Smeeth, Ashford, Kent, Borough of Ashford, Hatch Park
Collection: Civil Parishes in Ashford, Kent, Villages in Kent, Villages in the Borough of Ashford
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Mersham

Mersham
Mersham is located in Kent
Mersham
 Mersham shown within Kent
Area  13.85 km2 (5.35 sq mi)
Population 1,124 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  81/km2 (210/sq mi)
OS grid reference
Civil parish Mersham
District Ashford
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Ashford
Postcode district TN25
Dialling code 01233
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Ashford
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Mersham is a mostly agricultural large village and civil parish, three miles east of Willesborough and Ashford in Kent. England. The village stands adjacent to the Tunbridge and Dover railway, 1½ mile NNW of Smeeth r. station, and 3½ SE of Ashford; is a pleasant place; and has a post office under Ashford and a fair on WhitFriday. The parish comprises 2,675 acres. Real property, £5,154. Pop., 752. Houses, 143. The property is much subdivided. Mersham Hatch is the seat of Sir N. J. Knatchbull, Bart.; has belonged to his family since the time of Henry VIII.; and is a red brick mansion, rebuilt in the last century. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Canterbury. Value, £632.* Patron, Oriel College, Oxford. The church is ancient but good; comprises nave, aisles, and two chancels; and contains monuments of the Hatch family. There are an endowed school with £10 a year, and charities £61.

Contents

  • History 1
    • The Knatchbulls 1.1
  • Geography 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Until the early 20th century Mersham was for its majority a farming and orchard-tending community with close ties to the local market town of Ashford. The small village dates back to Saxon times and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The village was owned by the Archbishops of Canterbury for over 500 years. The Anglican church is dedicated to St. John the Baptist and is in the highest category of listed building, at Grade I.[2] It stands on the site of a Saxon church, and is part Norman. It is thought that the village gives rise to the surname Marshman.

The Knatchbulls

The village has been the home of the Knatchbull family since the times of Henry VIII. In 1638 Sir Norton Knatchbull founded Ashford Grammar School, to which pupils were not admitted until they could read the Bible in English, he was also the Member of Parliament for Romney.

In the early 19th century Edward Knatchbull served in the Whig government and in 1830 another Sir Edward Knatchbull became M.P. for Romney and was given responsibility under Sir Robert Peel in his government of 1841.

Geography

Most of the neighbourhood of Cheesemans Green is in the parish.

The clustered village centre is in the small percentage of the parish between High Speed 1 and the M20 motorway.

There are two water mills on the East Stour river, one of which, Swanton, is still working.

Part of Hatch Park, a mixture of medieval deer park and SSSI, is in the civil parish.

See also

References

  1. ^ Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 10 May 2014
  2. ^ British listed buildings retrieved 20 July 2013
http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/6276

External links

  • VillageNet
  • community domain website
  • Statistical civil parish overview - map
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