Metre-gauge

Track gauges
General concepts
Track gauge · Break-of-gauge ·

Dual gauge · Conversion (list·
Bogie exchange · Variable gauge

By transport mode
Tram · Rapid transit · High-speed rail
Miniature · Scale model
By size (list)

Broad
  Breitspurbahn 3,000 mm (9 ft 10 18 in)
  Brunel 2,140 mm (7 ft 14 in)
  Indian 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
  Iberian 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)
  Irish 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
  Pennsylvania 1,588 mm
1,581 mm
(5 ft 2 12 in)
(5 ft 2 14 in)
  Russian 1,524 mm
1,520 mm
(5 ft)
(4 ft 11 2732)

  Standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Narrow
  Scotch 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)
  Cape 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  Metre 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Three foot 914 mm (3 ft)
  Imperial and Bosnian 762 mm
760 mm
750 mm
(2 ft 6 in)
(2 ft 5 1516 in)
(2 ft 5 12 in)
  2 ft and 600mm 610 mm
600 mm
597 mm
(2 ft)
(1 ft 11 58 in)
(1 ft 11 12 in)

Minimum
  Fifteen-inch 381 mm (15 in)
By location
North America · South America · Europe

Metre gauge is the system of narrow gauge railways and tramways with a track gauge of . It has installations of around 95,000 kilometres (59,000 mi). In some African, American and Asian countries it is the main gauge. In Europe huge metre gauge networks remain in continuous use in Switzerland, northern Spain and for many European urban trams, although most metre gauge local railways in France, Germany, and Belgium closed down in the mid 20th century. With the revival of urban rail transport, in some cities metre gauge light metros were established, while in other cities metre gauge was replaced by standard gauge.

Metre gauge railroad and tram systems

Country/region Notes
Argentina 11,080 km (6,880 mi). Ferrocarril General Manuel Belgrano, now Belgrano Cargas, Tren de las Nubes
Austria Trams of Innsbruck and Gmunden and few of the local railways, such as Stubaitalbahn and Achenseebahn.
Bangladesh 1,830 km (1,140 mi). Mostly in the central and eastern regions and 365 km (227 mi) are dual gauge with Indian gauge.
Belgium Trams of Charleroi, Antwerp, Ghent, De Lijn and the Belgian Coast Tram.
Benin
Bolivia 3,600 km (2,200 mi)
Brazil 23,489 km (14,595 mi). Used in mostly cargo railways in landwide; Used in E.F Vitoria-Minas Passenger/Cargo Line and E.F. Carajás Passagener/Cargo line. In use in Metro and urban train systems of Fortaleza and Teresina cities.
Burkina Faso Abidjan – Burkina Faso railway
Bulgaria Most of the Sofia Tramway system, except for three lines with standard gauge. When the condition of tracks vastly deteriorated during World War II, it was formally widened to in order to avoid loss of the licence. Then it gradually narrowed to with a tendency to revert to . All these changes affected only the infrastructure and not the rolling stock.
Burma Except for about 100 miles (160 km) of hill railway, the 2,000 miles (3,200 km) of Burmese railways is metre gauge.
Cambodia
Cameroon
Chile 2,923 km (1,816 mi). Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado, Ferrocarril de Antofagasta a Bolivia.
China Kunhe Railway (formerly the Yunnan–Vietnam Railway) only.
Croatia Tramways in Zagreb and Osijek
Czech Republic Like other Sudeten cities, the tram of Liberec used metre gauge in the past. The inner city lines however, have been rebuilt to standard gauge and the only line that still uses the metre gauge is the 13 km (8.1 mi) long Jablonec nad Nisou line connecting the city with Jablonec nad Nisou.
Denmark A few local railways. Only one remains, but reguaged to standard gauge. Århus tramway (closed), Danish Tramway Museum.
Djibouti Ethio-Djibouti Railways - 780 km (480 mi)
Egypt Cairo
Ethiopia Ethio-Djibouti Railways - 780 km (480 mi)
Finland Helsinki tram
France Historically used in many local and regional railways, only a few of which remain today. Includes Saint-Gervais-Vallorcine Line and Villefranche-Vernet-les-Bains - La Tour-de-Carol and Salbris - Luçay-le-Mâle operated by SNCF. Chemins de fer de la Provence (Train des pignes); Chemins de fer de Corse; Chemin de Fer de La Mure; Panoramique des Domes; Tramway de Lille; Chemin de Fer du Finistère
Germany Harzer Schmalspurbahnen, Bavarian Zugspitzbahn and many tram networks
Greece mainly in the Peloponnese, (formerly SPAP) network
India 6,000 km (3,700 mi) in 2012. The length was 24,158 km (15,011 mi) in 1951 rising to about 30,000 km (19,000 mi) in 1991 and has decreased considerably since then as metre gauge is being converted to Indian gauge of under Project Unigauge because of poor connectivity issue with Metre Gauge routes. Indian Railways is executing the task to convert all Metre Gauge to Indian Gauge except heritage railways like Nilgiri Mountain Railway.
Italy Trento-Malè-Marilleva railway, owned by Trentino Trasporti, Ferrovia Genova-Casella, Domodossola-Locarno international railway, Trieste-Opicina tramway, Rittnerbahn-ferrovia del Renon tramway, Laas-Lasa marble quarry railway, Bernina railway
Ivory Coast Abidjan – Burkina Faso railway
Iraq
Kenya Uganda Railway run by Kenya Railways Corporation.
Laos
Latvia Liepāja tramway
Madagascar
Malaysia KTM
Mali Dakar–Niger Railway - 1,287 km (800 mi)
Niger
Norway Thamshavn Line and Trondheim Tramway
Pakistan Pakistan inherited 506 km (314 mi) of metre gauge () railway lines at the time of Independence in 1947. Of this, Hyderabad-Mirpur Khas 67 km (42 mi) and Mirpur Khas-Khokhrapar 126 km (78 mi) track have been converted into Broad gauge. Remaining 313 km (194 mi) including Jamrao-Pithoro 184 km (114 mi) (loop line) and Mirpur Khas-Nawabshah 129 km (80 mi) metre gauge railway lines have been closed in 2005.[1]
Poland City trams of: Łódź (including suburban lines), Bydgoszcz and Toruń (planned to be interconnected), Grudziądz, and Elbląg
Portugal Several mainly mountainous branch lines, mostly abandoned in the 1990ies, never fully interconnected — connected to the REFER network by means of shared stations and some dual gauge stretches; remain in use: Metro de Mirandela and Vouga line. Also metric: Funchal rack railway (defunct in 1943), Coimbra trams (defunct in 1980), and Sintra trams.
Romania Tram systems in Arad, Iaşi and Sibiu, also in Galaţi until fully replaced by standard gauge in 1975.
Russia Kaliningrad and Pyatigorsk tramways
Senegal Dakar–Niger Railway - 1,287 km (800 mi)
Serbia Belgrade Tram
Singapore KTM line to Malaysia
Slovakia Bratislava trams/streetcars, the Tatra Electric Railway (Tatranské elektrické železnice), amountain railroad and a rack railway in the area of the High Tatras. Children's railway (Detská železnica) in Košice.
Spain FEVE and EuskoTren lines in north-west Spain, including the Transcantábrico. Barcelona Metro line 8; Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya suburban lines S4, S8, R5 and R6; Cercanías Madrid line C-9 (Cercedilla–Cotos); Palma de Mallorca Metro; Valencia Metro; Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana
Switzerland Nearly all narrow-gauge railways: suburban railways, mountain railways, rack railways, some long-distance railways and trams.
Tanzania Tanzania Railways Corporation - about 2,600 km (1,600 mi) (break of gauge with TAZARA Railway)
Thailand State Railway of Thailand
Togo
Tunisia 1,674 km (1,040 mi) (besides standard gauge 471 km (293 mi))
Turkey Istanbul nostalgic trams
Uganda Uganda Railway run by Uganda Railways Corporation
Ukraine Lviv, Vinnytsia, Zhytomyr and Eupatoria tramways
Vietnam Yunnan–Vietnam Railway

See also

  • Narrow gauge railways
  • Metre gauge railways by country

References

External links

  • http://archive.is/20120713100348/http://parovoz.com/spravka/gauges-en.php
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