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Mexico–South Korea relations


Mexico–South Korea relations

Mexico–South Korea relations
Map indicating locations of Mexico and South Korea


South Korea

Mexico–South Korea relations refer to Interstate relations between Mexico and South Korea.


  • History 1
  • Trade 2
  • Migration 3
  • Resident diplomatic missions 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Former Presidents Felipe Calderón and Lee Myung-bak in 2010

The first contact between the peninsula of Korea and Mexico took place when Spanish Jesuits from New Spain (nowadays known as Mexico) arrived to Korea to preach Christianity. Since then, there had been very little direct contact between the two nations and any contact at all would have been done with Korean trading boats coming to Manila, capital of the Spanish crown in the Philippines and their goods and merchandise traveling by Spanish galleons to present day Mexico. In 1905, a Korean ship arrived in southern Mexico carrying approximately 1,033 Korean migrants. These migrants eventually settled in the Mexican state of Yucatán.[1]

In January 1962, Mexico and South Korea formally established diplomatic relations.[2] Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, several treaties and agreements have been signed between the two nations. In 1991, South Korean President Roh Tae-woo became the first Korean head of state to visit Mexico and Latin-America. In 1996, Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon recripcated the visit to South Korea. Since then, there have been several high level visits between the two nations.[1]

Both countries are members of the United Nations.


In 2012, trade between the two nations amounted to $12 billion USD. South Korea is Mexico's sixth biggest trading partner globally and South Korean foreign direct investment in Mexico between 1999 - 2012 amounted to over $1 billion USD.[3] During the same time period, Mexico invested $200 million USD in South Korea. [1] There are 1,500 South Korean companies investing in Mexico, among them, big names such as the like of Samsung, LG, Hyundai, Posco and many others. Trade from Mexico to South Korea mainly include petrol products, minerals, seafood and beer. Products from South Korea to Mexico are mainly electronic equipment including cell phones and car parts.[1]

In 2012, Mexico and South Korea began negotiations on a free trade agreement between the two nations.[4]


There are an estimated 15,000 Korean migrants in Mexico. [5]

Resident diplomatic missions

  • Mexico has an embassy in Seoul.[6]
  • South Korea has an embassy in Mexico City.[7]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d 50 years of diplomatic relations between South Korea and Mexico (in Spanish)
  2. ^ History of diplomatic relations between Mexico and South Korea (in Spanish)
  3. ^ Economic relations between Mexico and South Korea
  4. ^ Tratado de libre comercio entre Mexico y Corea del Sur (in Spanish)
  5. ^
  6. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Seoul (in English, Korean and Spanish)
  7. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Korea in Mexico City (in Korean and Spanish)

External links

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea on bilateral relations with Mexico
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico on diplomatic relations with the Republic of Korea
  • Corea del Sur y México: amigos y aliados (in Spanish)
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