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Michael Cullen (politician)

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Michael Cullen (politician)

The Honourable
Sir Michael Cullen
KNZM
Cullen in 2007
40th Minister of Finance
In office
5 December 1999 – 19 November 2008
Prime Minister Helen Clark
Preceded by Bill Birch
Succeeded by Bill English
Constituency None (list, formerly St. Kilda)
16th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand
In office
15 August 2002 – 19 November 2008
Prime Minister Helen Clark
Preceded by Jim Anderton
Succeeded by Bill English
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for St Kilda
In office
1981–1996
Preceded by William Fraser
Succeeded by Seat Abolished
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Dunedin South
In office
1996–1999
Preceded by Seat Established
Succeeded by David Benson-Pope
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Labour Party List
In office
1999 – 29 April 2009
Succeeded by Damien O'Connor
Personal details
Born (1945-02-05) 5 February 1945
London,
UK
Political party Labour
Spouse(s) Anne Fraser
Profession Lecturer

Sir Michael John Cullen KNZM LLD (born 5 February 1945) is a former New Zealand politician. He served as Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand, also Minister of Finance, Minister of Tertiary Education, and Attorney-General. He was the deputy leader of the Labour Party from 1996 until November 2008, when he resigned following a defeat in the general election. He resigned from Parliament in April 2009, to become the deputy chairman of New Zealand Post from 1 November 2009[1] and chairman from 1 November 2010.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Honours 2
  • Member of Parliament 3
    • Fourth Labour Government 3.1
    • Opposition 3.2
    • Fifth Labour Government 3.3
      • Budget 2006 3.3.1
      • Budget 2007 3.3.2
      • Budget 2008 3.3.3
      • Resignation 3.3.4
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Born in London, Cullen emigrated to New Zealand while young. He attended secondary school at Christ's College in Christchurch, and achieved an MA in history at Canterbury University. Receiving a Commonwealth Scholarship he then gained a PhD in social and economic history from the University of Edinburgh. From 1971 to 1981 he was a lecturer at Otago University, with a term as a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University from 1975 to 1976.[2] On 16 December 2009, he received an honorary LLD from the University of Otago in recognition of "his contributions as an Otago academic and as a respected and highly influential politician".[3]

Honours

In the 2012 Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours List, Cullen was appointed Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit.[4]

Member of Parliament

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate List Party
1981–1984 40th St Kilda Labour
1984–1987 41st St Kilda Labour
1987–1990 42nd St Kilda Labour
1990–1993 43rd St Kilda Labour
1993–1996 44th St Kilda Labour
1996–1999 45th Dunedin South 2 Labour
1999–2002 46th List 2 Labour
2002–2005 47th List 2 Labour
2005–2008 48th List 2 Labour
2008–2009 49th List 2 Labour

Cullen joined the Labour Party in 1974, and served on the party's Executive and Council between 1976 and 1981. In 1981 he was elected MP for the Dunedin electorate of St Kilda.

Fourth Labour Government

When Labour entered government in 1984, Cullen became Senior Whip. Due to his knowledge of economics, Cullen became increasingly involved in the disputes surrounding the Minister of Finance, Roger Douglas, who supported the liberalisation of trade and the sale of state assets plus deep tax cuts. These goals, which were against traditional Labour policies, angered both party members and the public. When the Prime Minister, David Lange, attempted to limit the influence Douglas had on the government's direction, Cullen became involved on Lange's side. After Labour's re-election in 1987, Cullen was made Associate Minister of Finance (an attempt by Lange to provide an anti-reform counterbalance to the radical Douglas) and Minister of Social Welfare (an attempt to limit the impact of the reforms in that area).

Eventually, Douglas was forced to resign, but a month later the political controversies around the dispute prompted the resignation of Lange himself. Douglas was succeeded as Finance Minister by David Caygill, one of his allies (albeit a considerably less radical one). Cullen was made Associate Minister of Health, again to reduce the effect of reforms on that sector.

Opposition

When Labour lost the 1990 election (something attributed by many people to public anger at Douglas' reforms, and disarray within the Labour Party), Cullen returned to being Labour's spokesperson on social welfare. The following year, he replaced David Caygill as the party's chief finance spokesperson. When Caygill retired from politics in 1996 Cullen took the deputy leader's post as well. Before Labour's position in the polls improved, Cullen was also involved in an attempt to oust Helen Clark as party leader, which was not successful. The two do not appear to bear each other any resentment, however. Cullen has claimed to be happy with his position as second, saying that in terms of personality, he is "a number two sort of person". Many commentators agree, believing that Cullen's strength lies more in administration than leadership.

Fifth Labour Government

Cullen delivering the 2008 budget press conference.

Labour's electoral victory in 1999 resulted in Cullen becoming Minister of Finance. After the 2002 election, the electoral support for Labour's junior coalition partner (the Progressive Party) was not sufficient to justify its leader holding the Deputy Prime Minister position, resulting in Michael Cullen replacing Jim Anderton as Deputy Prime Minister.

In 2004 Cullen declared his support for the monarchy of New Zealand, he was "a sort of token monarchist in the Cabinet these days".[5] However, in 2010 he repudiated that stance, taking the view that New Zealand should move towards a republic once the Queen's reign ends.[6]

In 2005 Helen Clark appointed Cullen to the post of Attorney-General following the election of Margaret Wilson as Speaker of the House. His appointment became controversial because of his non-legal background (only one other non-lawyer had previously held the post) and because of his previous criticisms of the judiciary, including of the Chief Justice Dame Sian Elias. His term in the position ended following the 2005 general election. However, with the resignation of David Parker in March 2006, Cullen took over the position again.

He had a reputation as one of the Labour Party's best parliamentary debaters, and is known for his sometimes "acerbic" sense of humour.

Budget 2006

Dr Cullen presented his seventh budget in 2006 as Minister of Finance. Cullen's guiding principle was, he stated, "The fool who spends on the upturn will find himself broke on the downturn".[7]

Budget 2007

Labour's eighth budget in 2007 reduced company tax from 33% to 30%[8] and introduced a 15% research and development tax credit.[8] It also made a number of changes to the KiwiSaver scheme.[9]

Budget 2008

The New Zealand economy entered recession in December 2007.[10] Cullen's final budget was delivered in this context in May 2008; it reduced income tax on the first $9,500 earned from 15% to 12.5%,[11] and the company tax rate from 30% to 29%.[11]

Resignation

The day after the defeat of Labour in the 2008 general elections and Helen Clark's resignation as party leader, Cullen announced his resignation as deputy leader of the Labour Party.[12] When he resigned from Parliament in 2009 he was replaced as an MP from the party list by Damien O'Connor.

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^

External links

  • New Zealand Parliament biography
  • New Zealand Labour Party biography
  • Executive Government biography
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Bill Fraser
Member of Parliament for St Kilda
1981–1996
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Dunedin South
1996–1999
Succeeded by
David Benson-Pope
Political offices
Preceded by
Bill Birch
Minister of Finance
1999–2008
Succeeded by
Bill English
Preceded by
Margaret Wilson
Attorney-General
2005
2006–2008
Succeeded by
David Parker
Preceded by
David Parker
Succeeded by
Chris Finlayson
Party political offices
Preceded by
David Caygill
Deputy Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party
1996–2008
Succeeded by
Annette King
Government offices
Preceded by
Jim Anderton
Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand
2002–2008
Succeeded by
Bill English
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