World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Michigan's 1st congressional district

Article Id: WHEBN0003681509
Reproduction Date:

Title: Michigan's 1st congressional district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bart Stupak, Dan Benishek, Alfred Lucking, John Logan Chipman, Edwin Denby (politician)
Collection: Congressional Districts of Michigan, Northern Michigan, Upper Peninsula of Michigan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Michigan's 1st congressional district

Michigan's 1st congressional district
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Dan Benishek (RCrystal Falls)
Area 24,875[1] mi2
Population (2010) 705,974
Ethnicity 92.1% White, 1.3% Black, 1.4% Hispanic, 2.8% Native American
Cook PVI R+4

Michigan's 1st congressional district is a United States Congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and part of the Lower Peninsula. The district is represented by Republican Dan Benishek.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Voting 3
  • Major cities in the district 4
  • List of representatives 5
  • Elections 6
  • Historical district boundaries 7
  • See also 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10

Geography

The district is the second-largest congressional district east of the Mississippi River by land area. Its boundaries contain much of the northeastern part of the Lower Peninsula in addition to the entire Upper Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of the state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind Alaska's At-large congressional district.

Of the 83 counties in Michigan, 30 lie fully within the district, and it contains a portion of another.

History

The 1st from 1992–2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not extend nearly as far south along Lake Huron, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.

Prior to 1992 the 1st Congressional District was a Detroit-based congressional district. From the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925 until 1964 the former 1st district was represented by only one non-Polish-American politician, Robert H. Clancy. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts were the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent).

In 1964 the 1st Congressional district was drawn as a new, African-American majority district reflecting the changing demographics of Detroit, while enough of the old 1st district was moved to the 14th district that that district retained the 1st's old congressman. John Conyers was elected to congress from the 1st district, a position he would hold until the 1st was removed from Detroit.

For most of the time prior to 1992, the territory now in the 1st District was in the 11th district.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 41 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 40%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2012 President Romney 53 - 45%

Major cities in the district

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history
District created March 4, 1843
Robert McClelland Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28
29
30
Alexander W. Buel Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31
Ebenezer J. Penniman Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32
David Stuart Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33
William A. Howard Republican March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34
35
George B. Cooper Democratic March 4, 1859 –
May 15, 1860
36 Election challenged
William A. Howard Republican May 15, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
36 Successfully challenged predecessor's election
Bradley F. Granger Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37
Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1871
38
39
40
41
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42 Redistricted to the 2nd district
Moses W. Field Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43
Alpheus S. Williams Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 21, 1878
44
45
Died
Vacant December 21, 1878 –
March 4, 1879
45
John S. Newberry Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46
Henry W. Lord Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47
William C. Maybury Democratic[2] March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48
49
John L. Chipman Democratic March 4, 1887 –
August 17, 1893
50
51
52
53
Died
Vacant August 17, 1893 –
November 7, 1893
53
Levi T. Griffin Democratic December 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53
John B. Corliss Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1903
54
55
56
57
Alfred Lucking Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58
Edwin C. Denby Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59
60
61
Frank E. Doremus Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62
63
64
65
66
George P. Codd Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67
Robert H. Clancy Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68
John B. Sosnowski Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
69 Lost renomination
Robert H. Clancy Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70
71
72
George G. Sadowski Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73
74
75
Rudolph G. Tenerowicz Democratic[3] January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76
77
George G. Sadowski Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1951
78
79
80
81
Thaddeus M. Machrowicz Democratic January 3, 1951 –
September 18, 1961
82
83
84
85
86
87
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
Vacant September 18, 1961 –
November 7, 1961
87
Lucien N. Nedzi Democratic November 7, 1961 –
January 3, 1965
87
88
Redistricted to the 14th district
John Conyers Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1993
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
Redistricted to the 14th district
Bart Stupak Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Retired
Dan Benishek Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112
113
114
Incumbent

Elections

  • In the 1932 primary election for the Alfred Niezychowski. [3][4]

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 January 2007. 
  2. ^ William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  3. ^ Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.

References

  • Govtrack.us for the 1st District - Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
  • The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807–2003
  • U.S. Representatives 1837–2003, Michigan Manual 2003–2004
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.