World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Microcytic anemia

Article Id: WHEBN0002126260
Reproduction Date:

Title: Microcytic anemia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alpha-thalassemia, Hypochromic anemia, Macrocytic anemia, Normocytic anemia, Nutritional anemia
Collection: Anemias, Clinical Pathology
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Microcytic anemia

Microcytic anaemia
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 D50.8

Microcytic anaemia is any of several types of anemia characterized by small red blood cells (called microcytes). The normal mean corpuscular volume (abbreviated to MCV on full blood count results) is 80-100 fL, with smaller cells (<80 fL) described as microcytic and larger cells (>100 fL) as macrocytic (the latter occur in macrocytic anemia).The MCV is the average red blood cell size.

In microcytic anemia, the red blood cells (erythrocytes) are usually also hypochromic, meaning that the red blood cells appear paler than usual. This is reflected by a lower-than-normal mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), a measure representing the amount of haemoglobin per unit volume of fluid inside the cell; normally about 320-360 g/L or 32-36 g/dL. Typically, therefore, anemia of this category is described as "microcytic, hypochromic anaemia".

Contents

  • Causes 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Causes

Typical causes of microcytic anemia include:

Other causes that are typically thought of as causing normocytic anemia or macrocytic anemia must also be considered, and the presence of two or more causes of anemia can distort the typical picture.

See also

References

  1. ^ Iolascon A, De Falco L, Beaumont C (January 2009). "Molecular basis of inherited microcytic anemia due to defects in iron acquisition or heme synthesis". Haematologica 94 (3): 395–408.  
  2. ^ a b Weng, CH; Chen JB; Wang J; Wu CC; Yu Y; Lin TH (2011). "Surgically Curable Non-Iron Deficiency Microcytic Anemia: Castleman's Disease.". Onkologie 34 (8-9): 456–8.  

External links

  • Emedicine on chronic anemia
  • Rare Anemias Foundation
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.