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Millard F. Caldwell

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Title: Millard F. Caldwell  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Spessard Holland, Governors of Florida, List of Governors of Florida, National Governors Association, Buddy MacKay
Collection: 1897 Births, 1984 Deaths, American Military Personnel of World War I, American Prosecutors, Carson–newman University Alumni, Democratic Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Democratic Party State Governors of the United States, Florida Democrats, Florida Supreme Court Justices, Governors of Florida, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Florida, People from Knoxville, Tennessee, University of Mississippi Alumni, University of Virginia Alumni
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Millard F. Caldwell

Millard Fillmore Caldwell
29th Governor of Florida
In office
January 2, 1945 – January 4, 1949
Preceded by Spessard Holland
Succeeded by Fuller Warren
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1941
Preceded by Tom A. Yon
Succeeded by Robert L. F. Sikes
Personal details
Born February 6, 1897
Beverly, Tennessee, United States
Died October 23, 1984 (aged 87)
Tallahassee, Florida
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Harwood Caldwell

Millard Fillmore Caldwell (February 6, 1897 – October 23, 1984) was an American politician. He was the 29th Governor of Florida (1945–1949) and served in all three branches of government at various times in his life, including as a U.S. Representative and Florida Supreme Court justice.


  • Biography 1
  • Career 2
  • Death 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Caldwell was born in the rural area of Beverly, Tennessee, outside Knoxville. There he attended public schools and attended Carson-Newman College, the University of Mississippi, and the University of Virginia.[1] During World War I, Caldwell enlisted in the U.S. Army on April 3, 1918. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery, and was discharged on January 11, 1919.

Caldwell was married to Mary Harwood Caldwell; the couple's three children were Susan, Millard, and Sally. Caldwell moved to Milton, Florida in 1924, practicing law there.


In 1926, Caldwell began serving as prosecutor and county attorney of Santa Rosa County; in 1929, he was elected as a Democrat to the state House, where he was a member until 1932.

That year, Caldwell was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 3rd congressional district. He took office on March 4, 1933, and served four terms, ending on January 3, 1941.[2]

In 1944, Caldwell was elected governor of Florida. Taking office in 1945, Caldwell's term is noted for his segregationist beliefs, as well as his support for road construction projects and the establishment of the Educational Minimum Foundation Program, which gave education funds to rural counties. One of the more colorful aspects of Caldwell's term came on August 10, 1945, during the surrender of Japan in World War II, when Caldwell issued a proclamation urging bars and other alcohol-selling establishments to close in order to prevent a frenzy of drunken celebration in the streets.

After leaving office in 1949, Caldwell was appointed the administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration by then-President Harry S. Truman in 1950. After leaving this post in 1952, Caldwell served as a justice – and later chief justice – on the State Supreme Court from 1962 to 1969.

On May 14, 1953, Caldwell was initiated as an Honorary brother in the Alpha Phi chapter of Alpha Kappa Psi at the University of Florida[3]


Caldwell died in Tallahassee on October 23, 1984. He is interred at Blackwood-Harwood Plantations Cemetery in Leon County in Tallahassee, Florida.[4]

During his life, Caldwell was a member of the Newcomen Society, Freemasons, Shriners, Elks, and Knights of Pythias. He was also a member of Kappa Sigma and Phi Alpha Delta.

See also


  1. ^ "Florida Governor Millard Fillmore Caldwell Jr.". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  2. ^ "CALDWELL, Millard Fillmore, (1897 - 1984)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  3. ^ Alpha Phi Chapter Roll
  4. ^ "Millard Fillmore Caldwell". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Tom A. Yon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Robert L. F. Sikes
Political offices
Preceded by
Spessard Holland
Governor of Florida
Succeeded by
Fuller Warren
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