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Milton Fowler Gregg

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Milton Fowler Gregg

Brigadier the Honourable
Milton Fowler Gregg
VC PC OC CBE MC ED CD
Minister of Labour
In office
7 August 1950 – 20 June 1957
Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent
Preceded by Paul Joseph James Martin (acting)
Succeeded by Michael Starr
Minister of Veterans Affairs
In office
19 January 1948 – 6 August 1950
Prime Minister
Preceded by Ian Alistair Mackenzie
Succeeded by Hugues Lapointe
Minister of Fisheries
In office
2 September 1947 – 18 January 1948
Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King
Preceded by Ernest Bertrand (acting)
Succeeded by James Angus MacKinnon
Member of the House of Commons of Canada
In office
20 October 1947 – 10 June 1957
Preceded by Hedley Francis Gregory Bridges
Succeeded by John Chester MacRae
Constituency York—Sunbury
5th Sergeant-at-Arms of the Canadian House of Commons
In office
1934–1944
Clerk Arthur Beauchesne
Preceded by Harry Judson Coghill
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born (1892-04-10)10 April 1892
Kings County, New Brunswick
Died 13 March 1978(1978-03-13) (aged 85)
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Resting place Snider Mountain Baptist Church Cemetery, Fredericton
Political party Liberal
Alma mater Acadia University
Religion Baptist
Awards
Military service
Service/branch Canadian Expeditionary Force
Years of service 1914–1943
Rank Brigadier
Unit The Royal Canadian Regiment
Commands West Nova Scotia Regiment
Battles/wars

Brigadier Milton Fowler Gregg, VC PC OC CBE MC ED CD (10 April 1892 – 13 March 1978) was a Canadian officer, and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces during the First World War. In later life, he was a Member of the Canadian Parliament, cabinet minister, academic, soldier and diplomat.

Contents

  • Early life 1
    • Victoria Cross 1.1
    • Victoria Cross stolen 1.2
  • Later career 2
  • Honours 3
  • Legacy 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life

Gregg was born in 1892 in Mountain Dale, Canadian Black Watch in September 1914 while still studying at Acadia University. He graduated with an MA in 1916.

Victoria Cross

Milton Gregg served during the First World War as a sergeant in the medical corps and later as an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment. During combat in France in 1917, his actions earned him the Military Cross and in 1918 further valour added a bar to the Cross. Near Cambrai, Nord, France on 28 September 1918 his actions during the Battle of the Canal du Nord earned him the Victoria Cross. The citation for Gregg's Victoria Cross reads:

Lt. Milton Fowler Gregg, M.C., R. Can. Regt., Nova Scotia R. - For most conspicuous bravery and initiative during operations near Cambrai, 27th September to 1st October, 1918.
On 28th September, when the advance of the brigade was held up by fire from both flanks and by thick, uncut wire, he crawled forward alone and explored the wire until he found a small gap through which he subsequently led his men and forced an entry into the enemy trench. The enemy counter-attacked in force and, through lack of bombs, the situation became critical. Although wounded Lt. Gregg returned alone under terrific fire and collected a further supply. Then rejoining his party, which by this time was much reduced in numbers, and in spite of a second wound, he reorganized his men and led them with the greatest determination against the enemy trenches, which he finally cleared. He personally killed or wounded 11 of the enemy and took 25 prisoners, in addition to 12 machine guns captured in the trench. Remaining with his company in spite of wounds he again on the 30th September led his men in attack until severely wounded. The outstanding valour of this officer saved many casualties and enabled the advance to continue.[1]

Victoria Cross stolen

On the evening of 24 December 1978, Gregg's medal set was stolen from the Royal Canadian Regiment Museum in London, Ontario. The medal set which had been placed on permanent loan to the Regiment by his widow Erica Gregg included the Victoria Cross, the Order of Canada in the grade of Officer and the Military Cross with one Bar. The medal set has never been recovered.

Later career

From 1934 until 1939 he was the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Commons. Following the outbreak of World War II, Gregg served overseas for two years with the West Nova Scotia Regiment and then commanded officer training centres at various military facilities in Canada and retired with the rank of Brigadier in 1943.

In 1944, he was appointed President of the University of New Brunswick, serving in that position until 1947 when he was elected to Parliament as Liberal member for the York-Sunbury riding. Gregg served in the cabinets of Prime Ministers William Lyon Mackenzie King and Louis St. Laurent for almost ten years as the Minister of Fisheries, Minister of Veterans Affairs, and Minister of Labour.

Defeated in the British Guiana. He retired in 1968. He died on 13 March 1978 and is buried at Snider Mountain Baptist Church Cemetery in Snider Mountain, New Brunswick.

Honours

In 1951 he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of British Columbia.

He was sworn into the Privy Council for Canada on 2 September 1947 by Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada on 22 December 1967 and accepted the award in a ceremony performed on 26 April 1968.[2]

Legacy

Gregg's grave at Snider Mountain Baptist Church Cemetery

After his death the Milton Fowler Gregg VC Memorial Trust Fund Bursary was created in his name. It is offered annually to students entering the Royal Military College of Canada Division of Graduate Studies and Research.

The Mons Box Trophy was created by then Brigadier, The Honourable Milton F. Gregg, VC, CBE, OC, MC, ED, CD. It is awarded to the platoon commander who has exhibited the highest qualities of leadership and who is therefore, the junior officer most fit to command the men who have been placed in his charge.The Mons Box, a ceremonial cigar box, was presented to then Lieutenant Gregg by the Burgomaster of Mons, Belgium in November 1918. In addition, all members of the Canadian Corps who had reached the Mons area by Armistice Day were presented with a souvenir medallion of the City of Mons. Duplicates of this medallion are affixed to the box. Brigadier Gregg presented the Mons Box to 2 RCR on 1 June 1973. It has been presented annually since then to the winning platoon commander on the first appropriate battalion function after 1 June. The winner of the Mons Box is determined by a selection committee consisting of the Commanding Officer, the Adjutant, Company Commanders and any previous winners of the Mons Box serving in 2 RCR. These previous winners are no longer eligible to compete. All Subalterns, who have spent at least eight consecutive months of the previous year as a platoon commander, are eligible for the award. The Mons Box is displayed in the silver cabinet or the Saint Andrew's Barracks Officers' Mess in CFB Gagetown. It is placed in front of the current winner during all Mess Dinners and it contains the after dinner cigars. Each winner of the Mons Box receives a souvenir trophy.

The Brigadier Milton F. Gregg, VC, Centre for the Study of War and Society was created at the University of New Brunswick in 2006 to further Canadians' knowledge about conflict, and is devoted to excellence in the study of war as a complex social phenomena. Dr Marc Milner is the first Director. The centre incorporates the UNB History and UNB Military and Strategic Studies Programs.

His Victoria Cross was donated to The Royal Canadian Regiment Museum in London, Ontario, shortly after his death in 1978, but it was stolen from the museum on 24 December 1978.[3]

References

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31108. p. 306. 4 January 1919. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  2. ^ Order of Canada citation
  3. ^ Staples, Michael (3 November 2012). "Hero's medal needs to be displayed here - soldier".  

External links

  • The Royal Canadian Regiment and The First World War - 1914-1919 - Lieut. Milton Fowler Gregg, V.C., M.C.
  • Short biography with picture
  • Trust Fund Bursary
  • Order of Canada citation
  • Milton Fowler Gregg – Parliament of Canada biography
  • Legion Magazine Article of Milton Gregg
  • The Brigadier Milton F. Gregg Centre for the Study of War and Society
  • The Royal Canadian Regiment
  • Veterans Affairs Canada
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