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Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Thailand)

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Title: Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Thailand)  
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Thailand)

Kingdom of Thailand
Ministry of Foreign Affairs

กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ
"The Seal of the Crystal Lotus" is the Ministry's seal.
Ministry overview
Formed 14 April 1840

(etc.)
Jurisdiction Government of Thailand
Headquarters Sri Ayutthaya Building, 443 Sri Ayutthaya Rd. Phaya Thai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400
Annual budget 7,902,200,000 Baht (2012)
Ministers responsible General Tanasak Patimapragorn (Military), Minister of Foreign Affairs
Don Pramudwinai, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry executive Sihasak Phuangketkeow, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry
Website www.mfa.go.th

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Thai: กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ; RTGS: Krasuang Kan Tang Prathet; Abrv: MFA) is the principal government department in charge of foreign relations in Thailand. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs; who is also a member of the Cabinet of Thailand, he is appointed by the Prime Minister. The Ministry is primarily in charge of formulating and executing foreign policies for the Kingdom of Thailand. The Ministry is also in charge of managing and maintaining Thai diplomatic missions around the globe. The post of Minister of Foreign Affairs has been held by General Tanasak Patimapragorn, who is also Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters, since August 2014. He is aided by a deputy minister.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Foreign affairs advisers 1.1
    • Reorganization 1.2
  • Departments 2
    • Administration 2.1
    • Functional Departments 2.2
    • Regional Departments 2.3
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Kromma Tha and Phra Khlang redirect here

Prior to the creation of the Ministry, much of the country’s foreign relations were handled exclusively by the absolute monarchs of the day. During the Kingdom of Ayutthaya foreign relations were handled by the Krom Phra Khlang” (Thai: กรมพระคลัง) (or the Treasury Department). The Head of the department was known as "Phra Khlang" (Thai: พระคลัง) and occasionally referred to as "Berguelang" or "Barcelon" by foreign authors. The famous 17th-century Siamese Ambassador to France Kosa Pan was the younger brother of King Narai’s “Phra Khlang” Kosathibodi. Soon after a sub-department was created primarily to deal with foreigners called "Kromma Tha" (Thai: กรมท่า, "Port Department").

During the Bangkok Period most of these features were retained. For instance, the Chau Phaya-Phraklang in his capacity as Minister of State on behalf of Jessadabodindra[1] negotiated the Siamese-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce of 1833 with Edmund Roberts in his capacity as Minister of the United States on behalf of President Andrew Jackson.

In 1840, Saranrom Palace, east of the Grand Palace. The Ministry was divided into 7 divisions:[2]

  • Senabodi Division (Ministerial Division)
  • Under-Secretary Division
  • Translation Division
  • Reception Division
  • Accounts Division
  • Filing Division
  • Diplomatic Division
  • Consular Division

Foreign affairs advisers

From 1892 to 1924, the Siamese government retained the professional legal services of lawyers skilled in international law.

Reorganization

After the Revolution of 1932, the Ministry came under civilian control and the Minister was made a member of the constitutional government of Siam. The first Minister under this new system was Phraya Sri Visarn Vacha.[5]

See more at: Foreign relations of Thailand

Departments

Most of the offices of the Ministry were moved to a new grand building complex; South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) used to stand.

Administration

  • Office of the Minister
  • Office of the Permanent Secretary

Functional Departments

  • Department of Consular Affairs
  • Department of Protocol
  • Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency
  • Department of International Economic Affairs
  • Department of Treaties and Legal Affairs
  • Department of Information
  • Department of International Organizations

Regional Departments

  • Department of European Affairs
  • Department of American and South Pacific Affairs
  • Department of ASEAN Affairs (for cooperation under the framework of the ASEAN group; bilateral relations between Thailand and each ASEAN member is under the East Asian Affairs Department)
  • Department of East Asian Affairs
  • Department of South Asian, Middle East and African Affairs

See also

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ http://www.mfa.go.th/web/2680.php
  3. ^ Obias, Peter B. (1972). "Treaty Revision and the Role of the American Foreign Affairs Adviser 1909-1925" (PDF).  
  4. ^ Thamsook Numnonda (1974). "The First American Advisers in Thai History" (PDF).  
  5. ^ http://www.mfa.go.th/web/2682.php
  • [1]

External links

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Official Website in Thai
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Official Website in English
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