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Montana Army National Guard


Montana Army National Guard

Montana Army National Guard
Active 1867 - present
Country United States
Allegiance Montana
Branch Army National Guard
Type ARNG Headquarters Command
Part of Montana National Guard
Garrison/HQ Helena, Montana
Seal of the Army National Guard

The Montana Army National Guard is a component of the National Guard Bureau.

Montana Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ran ks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Montana Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Montana.

The Montana Army National Guard maintains facilities in 28 communities.


  • History 1
  • Units and Formations 2
  • Duties 3
    • Active Duty Callups 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Insignia of the 163rd Armored Brigade

The Montana Army National Guard was originally formed in 1867. The state militias into the present National Guard system. The 163rd Infantry Regiment of the Montana Guard formed part of the 41st Infantry Division, which fought through the Pacific during World War II. The Regiment was inducted into the Regular Army in September 1940, and were sent to Camp Murray at Fort Lewis, Washington. They participated in large-scale military exercises in California in 1941. On Dec. 7, 1941 small units were detailed to guard the Washington coastline from Japanese saboteurs. In March 1942 they were sent to Australia. Their engagements included the Battle of Buna-Gona, the Salamaua-Lae campaign, Operations Reckless and Persecution and the Battle of Biak, as well as the liberation of the Philippines. In September 1945 the Regiment went ashore at Hiro, Japan as part of the occupation of that country. By this time most of the original Montanan troops had been discharged.[1] The Montana ARNG maintained the 163rd Armored Cavalry Regiment (whose roots date back to 1884), at least up until 1988. In 1985 its units included the 1/163 Cavalry, the 2/163 Cavalry, the 3/163 Cavalry (based in Texas), an Air Troop, an Attack Helicopter Troop (based in Utah), and the 1063rd Engineer Company.[2] The MT ARNG maintained the 163rd Armored Brigade at least up until 1995.

It appears that on the disbandment of the 163rd Armored Brigade, the 1-163 Battalion was reassigned to the

  • Bibliography of Montana Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
  • Montana Army National Guard, accessed 25 Nov 2006
  • Montana Army National Guard, accessed 25 Nov 2006

External links

  1. ^ Glynn, Gary. Montana's Home Front During World War II, 2nd ed., Big Elk Books, Missoula. 2012
  2. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1985, p.385. ISBN 0-7106-0341-X
  3. ^ accessed September 2009


See also

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).

Active Duty Callups

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations (2001-?); the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.


Units and Formations


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