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Montereau-Fault-Yonne

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Title: Montereau-Fault-Yonne  
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Language: English
Subject: Battle of Montereau, Charlotte de Turckheim, Assassination of John the Fearless, John the Fearless, Canton of Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Collection: Communes of Seine-Et-Marne
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Montereau-Fault-Yonne

Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Bridges over rivers Seine (foreground), Yonne (background) and statue of Napoléon
Bridges over rivers Seine (foreground), Yonne (background) and statue of Napoléon
Montereau-Fault-Yonne is located in France
Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-et-Marne
Arrondissement Provins
Canton Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Intercommunality Deux Fleuves
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Yves Jégo (UDI)
Area1 9.1 km2 (3.5 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 16,682
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 77305 / 77130
Elevation 47–121 m (154–397 ft)
(avg. 53 m or 174 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montereau-Fault-Yonne (French pronunciation: ​), or simply Montereau, is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Contents

  • Name 1
  • Sights 2
  • History 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Economy 5
  • Twin towns 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Name

The city takes its name from its geographical position on the confluence of the Yonne and the Seine rivers. Fault, also spelled faut comes from the verb faillir ("to fail") in its old meaning to fall. Montereau is where the Yonne falls into the Seine.

Sights

John XXIII Square, in Surville.

The town is split in three by the rivers, ville basse situated on the southern shore and Surville on the hill to the north. The old town centre is located in ville basse while Surville is an assembly of high rise buildings, erected after World War II, and is in many ways a typical cité in the Île-de-France. Some of these high rise buildings are now (2005) going to be destroyed and replaced by individual houses. The old château-park in Surville (now the site of a high school Lycée André Malraux) however gives a very nice view over the confluent and the Seine-et-Marne region. On the east side, between the two rivers, are the port and an industrial park.

History

In 1359, the King of Navarre Charles II of Navarre, who held the town because of his Champagne ascent, lost it to the regent of France (the future king Charles V).

Plaque commemorating the murder of John the Fearless, on the bridge crossing the Yonne river.

John the Fearless was killed on the town's bridge in September, 1419 by Tanneguy du Chastel and the sire de Barbazan, during a conference with the dauphin (who became in 1422 Charles VII). An inscription on the bridge recalls the event. In the collegiate church Notre-Dame-et-Saint-Loup there is a sword which has long been said to be John the Fearless'. But actually this sword is certainly more recent.[1]

In 1420, Philip the Good, the son of John the Fearless, seized the town, which remained for eight years in the hands of the Anglo-Burgundian coalition. However, at the end of a long siege, the king Charles VII, helped by Chabannes and Dunois, managed to take it again.

In 1567, during the Wars of Religion, Condé briefly seized the town.

In 1587, the inhabitants of Montereau sided with the Catholic League, but in 1590 they accepted the legitimacy of the new king Henry IV.

Statue of Napoleon, erected during the Second Empire on the bridge of Montereau.

Montereau was also the place of one of the last victories of Napoleon on 14 February 1814.

Demographics

Inhabitants of Montereau-Fault-Yonne are called Monterelais.[2]

Historical population of Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Year 1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856
Population 3,115 3,364 3,453 3,945 4,153 4,494 4,450 4,942 5,465 6,063
Year 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906
Population 6,217 6,748 6,714 7,041 7,306 7,709 7,672 8,041 7,929 8,213
Year 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975
Population 8,617 8,853 9,314 9,965 9,322 8,962 10,119 14,121 19,789 21,568
Year 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008 2009 2012
Population 19,413 18,657 17,625 16,768 16,802 16,275 16,266 16,682
sources = Cassini,[3] INSEE[4]
Data since 1962 : Population without double counting
Data since 2006 : Municipal population
Histogram
(Graph by WorldHeritage)

The canton, which belonged to the arrondissement of Fontainebleau in the beginning, was attached to Provins in 1926. It has 14 communes and 33,934 inhabitants.

Economy

Historically, the city has sported a strong industrial base and thus has strong blue collar roots. In recent decades, unemployment has become an increasing problem, especially within the immigrant community in Surville.

Twin towns

Montereau is twinned with the British town of Otley, north of Leeds.

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^ http://www.amis-collegiale-montereau.org/petite%20histoire.htm
  2. ^ http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_montereau-fault-yonne_77305.html
  3. ^ http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Population par commune avant 1962 (résultats publiés au journal officiel ou conservés aux archives départementales)
  4. ^ INSEE: Population depuis le recensement de 1962

External links

  • 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF (Institute for Urban Planning and Development of the Paris-Île-de-France région) (English)
  • French Ministry of Culture list for Montereau-Fault-Yonne (French)
  • Map of Montereau-Fault-Yonne on Michelin (English)
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